Download Workbook to Accompany Understanding Anatomy & Physiology: A Visual, Auditory, Interactive Approach PDF

TitleWorkbook to Accompany Understanding Anatomy & Physiology: A Visual, Auditory, Interactive Approach
Author
LanguageEnglish
File Size7.1 MB
Total Pages337
Table of Contents
                            INSIDE FRONT COVER
TITLE PAGE
COPYRIGHT PAGE
REVIEWERS
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
Chapter 1  ORIENTATION TO THE HUMAN BODY
Chapter 2 CHEMISTRY OF LIFE
Chapter 3 CELLS
Chapter 4 TISSUES
Chapter 5 INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
Chapter 6 BONES & BONE TISSUE
Chapter 7 SKELETAL SYSTEM
Chapter 8 JOINTS
Chapter 9 MUSCULAR SYSTEM
Chapter 10 NERVOUS SYSTEM
Chapter 11 SENSE ORGANS
Chapter 12 ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
Chapter 13 BLOOD
Chapter 14 HEART
Chapter 15 VASCULAR SYSTEM
Chapter 16 LYMPHATIC & IMMUNE SYSTEMS
Chapter 17 RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
Chapter 18 URINARY SYSTEM
Chapter 19 FLUID, ELECTROLYTE, & ACID-BASE BALANCE
Chapter 20 DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
Chapter 21 NUTRITION & METABOLISM
Chapter 22 HUMAN MICROBIOME
Chapter 23 REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS
Chapter 24 PREGNANCY & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Chapter 25 HEREDITY
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

SECOND EDITION

WORKBOOK TO ACCOMPANY

UNDERSTANDING

ANATO &
PH SIOLOG

Page 2

Workbook to Accompany

UNDERSTANDING

ANATOMY &

PHYSIOLOGY
A Visual, Auditory, Interactive Approach
2nd edition

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Page 168

Chapter 12 Endocrine System 157

Illuminate the Truth: Posterior Pituitary

Reinforce your knowledge of the function and hormones of the posterior pituitary by highlighting the word that
correctly completes each sentence.

1. Unlike the anterior pituitary, which is composed of (glandular)(neural) tissue, the posterior pituitary is made
of (glandular)(neural) tissue.

2. Nerve fibers forming the posterior pituitary originate in the (anterior pituitary)(hypothalamus).

3. Hypothalamic neurons (store)(synthesize) hormones, which they send down to the posterior pituitary to be
(refined)(stored).

4. The posterior pituitary releases the hormones (continually)(when stimulated by the nervous system).

5. The hormones associated with the posterior pituitary are (somatotropin)(oxytocin) and (ACTH)(ADH).

Illuminate the Truth: Thyroid, Parathyroid, and Pineal Glands

Use a highlighter to illuminate the correct word or phrase in each of the following sentences.

1. The pineal gland produces (melatonin)(calcitonin), a hormone that rises (at night)(during the day) to trigger
(alertness)(sleepiness).

2. The thyroid gland secretes (thyroid-stimulating hormone)(thyroid hormone), which (suppresses)(boosts) the
body’s metabolic rate.

3. The two lobes of the thyroid are connected by the (isthmus)(infundibulum).

4. The parathyroid glands are located on the (anterior)(posterior) side of the thyroid.

5. The parathyroid glands secrete parathyroid hormone in response to low levels of (thyroid hormone)(calcium).

6. An excess of thyroid hormone would cause (increased heart and respiratory rate and an increased
appetite)(weight gain, hair loss, and fatigue).

7. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) activates (vitamin A)(vitamin D) to promote the absorption of calcium by the
intestines.

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Page 169

158 Chapter 12 Endocrine System

Sequence of Events: Regulation of Blood Calcium Levels

Calcium balance is crucial to homeostasis. Review how the body achieves calcium balance by drawing arrows
between the boxes to place the events in the proper sequence. (Note: There are two separate chains of events. One is
for a blood calcium excess, and one is for a blood calcium deficiency.)

Blood calcium
DEFICIENCY

Blood calcium
EXCESS

Parathyroid
releases PTH

Calcium moves from blood
to bone

Blood calcium
levels decrease

Blood calcium
levels increase

Calcium moves from bones,
kidneys, and intestines to
the bloodThyroid releases

calcitonin

Adrenal
gland

Kidney

Drawing Conclusions: Adrenal Glands

Identify the two key structures of the adrenal cortex by coloring the adrenal medulla yellow and the adrenal cortex
brown. Then complete the sentences to identify the actions of this endocrine gland. Circle the sentences related to
the adrenal cortex in brown and those related to the adrenal medulla in yellow.

1. The adrenal medulla is part of the nervous system; it secretes hormones called

.

2. The adrenal cortex secretes hormones known as .

3. The adrenal cortex secretes a hormone that causes the kidneys to retain sodium (and excrete potassium), which

leads to water retention. The name of this hormone is .

4. The adrenal cortex also secretes a hormone that helps the body adapt to stress and repair damaged tissue; the

name of this hormone is .

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