Download Urban Transformations in the Balkans (1820-1920): Aspects of Balkan Town Planning and the Remaking of Thessaloniki PDF

TitleUrban Transformations in the Balkans (1820-1920): Aspects of Balkan Town Planning and the Remaking of Thessaloniki
Author
LanguageEnglish
File Size54.7 MB
Total Pages132
Table of Contents
                            Contents
Illustrations
Tables
Preface
I. Introduction: Traditional Forms and New Models
II. New planning ideals in the Balkans
	Town planning in Romania in the 19th century
	The making of modern Greek cities in the 19th century
	Early 20th century schemes in Greece
	Creating a network of cities in Serbia
	A plan for Skopje in the early of the 20th century
	The replanning of Bulgarian cities at the turn of the century
	Modernization in the Ottoman Empire
	Some general remarks
III. From the traditional to the modern city
	Urban expansion and changing uses of city walls in the late Ottoman Balkans
	The Thessaloniki projects: Demolition of the sea wall and expansion of the central districts
	Demolition of the east wall and residential expansion
IV. The decline of a traditional city. Adrianople/Edirne at the turn 
of the century
	Geography and urban form
	The intra muros city
	The extra muros city
	The replanning of the intra muros city in 1905
V. The replanning of Thessaloniki after the fire of 1917 and the beginnings of modern town planning in Greece
	Thessaloniki before 1917
	The fire of 1917
	The decision to replan the city
	Preliminary steps
	Description of the plan
	Legislation to implement the plan in the historical centre
	Application of the plan, social and spatial inpact
	The contemporary city and the unimplemented master plan of 1917
	VI. References and works cited
	Index
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 2

Alexandra Yerolympos

Urban Transformations
in the Balkans

(1820 - 1920)

Aspects of Balkan Town Planning
and the Remaking ofThessaloniki

[email protected]
UI'I'lVERSITY STUDIO PRESS

\\\i~~\m\\~~Ili\m\\M'~i\\\ ~
39001102903419

Page 66

IV.
The decline of a traditional city:
AdrianoplelEdirne at the turn of the century

The city of Adrianople offers an enchanting sight, wrote the great
French geographer Elysee Reclus in the early 1870s. "No other city is
more gay, more mixed with counllyside and woods. With the exception of
the centre and the area around the Fortress, Adrianople, the Turkish
Edirne, appears as all agglomeratioll of distillctive villages; houses are
separated from one another by fnlit-gardens alld curtains of cypress and
poplar trees, over which rise here and there the minarets of 150 mosques.
Vivid waters of aqueducts alld of mallY creeks and the abundallt rivers of
Maritza, Tundja and Arda cheer the suburbs and the gardens of this
dispersed city" . ... "Ad/ianople is not only a charming city, but also the most
populous centre of the inland ... Howellel; in this antique imperial capital,
the Turks are a millO/ity. Greeks equal them ill number and exceed them ill
activity; Bulgarians are also present and they form a considerable
community; Inoreover /tere one can see, as in all oriental cities, the
multicolored crowd of people of all races starting from the gipsy musician to
the Persiallmerchant. Jews are present in a latge propO/tioll. ... " I.

Adrianople ill a drawing of 1685-7, commissioned by Captaill Gravier d'O,tieres

ADRIANOPOLl:....:. c.

:'\\
. '2( :~

1. E. Reclus, NOllI'clle Geographic
Ullil'erselle. Paris: Librairic Huchctte.
1870, p. 161·162.

71

Page 67

72

2. The Treaty of Adrinople, signed on
September 1829 arlee Turkey's deCcat,
assured an autonomous status for
Greece and placed the principalities oC
Waiachia, Moldavia and Scrbi<l under
Rmsian protection.

CHAPTER IV

Adriollopie ill 011 ellgravillg of 1737

Reclus described the city at a critical time for the Balkan peninsula,
when the territOlY of European Turkey was reduced considerably, while
the Ottoman Empire undertook a serious effort for its modernization
along 'european' patterns. The 'westernization' which took place modi-
fied profoundly the existing hierarchy of cities. Major development
occurred along new railway lines and in the coast, while traditional
inland cities, especially the ones located near the newly traced frontier
lines, declined rapidly.

Until then Adrianople had been the most important city of Euro-
pean Turkey, the administration and trade centre of an extended hinter-
land, and had lived in peace since its capture by the Turks, almost five
centuries before. Still, from 1829 onwards, Adrianople found itself in
the middle of disruptive events: the whole region was taken by Russians
during the Russo-Turkish war (1828-29)'. In 1854-56 the city was occu-
pied by the French army during the Crimean war. In 1877 it was again
taken by Russians in the war that resulted in the creation of modern
Bulgaria (1878-1880).

Adrianople was the first city of the Empire to communicate with
Constantinople through the Oriental Railway Scheme, put forth in the
1860s in order to link the Ottoman Capital to Europe. The line to Belo-
va in Bulgaria, via Adrianople, was constructed between 1869 and 1872
by the Societe Imperiale des Chemins de Fer de la Tttrquie d' Europe, but
its impact on regional development was not as important as expected.
Indeed before the end of the 1870s Adrianople would lose its Bulgarian

Page 131

136 INDEX OF NAMES AND SITES

Dussaud (Compagnie) 67
Edcssa 50
Egnalia (slreel) 66, 97, 113, 126
Elena 48
Elton A. 54
Ensrmche 55
Erclria 24, 27, 27, 38
Evliya Celcbi 58, 79, 81
Evros, see also Maritza 75
Fauvel65
Filippopolis, sec also Plovdiv 37,58
Florence 55
Florina 36
Focsani 23
Foivos K.P. 74
France, French 63, 66, 73, 124
Frankfort 29, 55
Galib pasha 62
Galala, see also Pera 60
Galatsi 23, 23
Gallcrius 97, 114
Garnier T. 107
Geargiades D. 63
Germany, Germans 23,41,45,55,127
G hazi Evrenos 57
Giurgiu 23
Gornji Milanovac 31, 32
Gounaris D. 116
Guinis A. 107
Gypsies 44
Hairullah 98
Hali! Rifaal pasha 62
Hamidiye blvd, fountain 68, 69, 70,91
Harten 20
Haussmann G. 23, 48
Hcbrard E. 88, 96,104, 105, 106, 108, 112,113,114,

117, 122, 123, 125
Hermoupolis 103
Herzegovina 32
Hormisdas 97
Hungarians 41
Illig C. 23
IIIinski 45
lIIyrikon 47
Ionian territories 113
Ismail pasha 67
Istanbul, see also Constantinople 18,50,52,60,70,84
Jaasi 21
Jabuka 31
Jannina 24, 52, 57, 62
Jaussely L. 107
Jews, Jewish quarters, communities 44, 48, 50,57,66,

71,75,81,82,84, 100, 104, 116, 121
Johnson X. 108
Joseph II, emperor 31

Jasimavic E. 42, 43
Kadlindza 41
Kalcdisi 75, 83
Kalei~i 75, 78, 80, 81,82, 84,85
Kalemegdan 42
Karadjic V. 31
Karabaumaki (headland) 113
Karagatch 75, 82, 84, 85
Khanea 70
Kirishane 75, 81, 83
Kisselev 23
KiSSl1S 88
Kitsikis C. 107, 108, 111
Kiyik 75, 81, 83,84
Klentze L. von 26, 27
Koprichtiva 48
Kozani 56, 57
Kraljevicevo 31
Kraljev032
Krusevae34
Kyustendil 45
Larissa, see also YeniSehir 24, 56, 57, 103
Lavedan P. 105
Lapie 61
Lcfteriatis A. 108
Lesnica 31, 32
Lam 45
Lavetch 48
Loznica 31
Ludwig, king af Bavaria 24
Macedonia (eastern, central, western) 29, 29,30, 103-5
Mahmut 79
Maritza, see alsa Evras (river) 71, 75
Marshall Plan 126
M avradin 22, 23
Mawsan E.108
Mawsan E.P.108
Mawson T.H. 93, 107,108, 125
Midhat pasha 45, 48, 62
Mikhailovich J. 44, 44
MiianavY.48
Moldavia 20, 21, 23
Momchilov P. 48
Manastir, see alsa Bitala 50, 51, 52
Montenegro 32
MantpeJlier 34
Mystra 24
Naoussa 50, 57
Napaleonville 15
NaupJie 24
NenavG.48
Neologos 82
OberJing P. 63
Olt (river) 23
Oltenitsa 22, 23

Page 132

INDEX OF NAMES AND SITES

Olympus (mt) 113
Orestias 75
Osmont M. 73, 75, 76, 78,79,81,82,84,92
Ott M.von20
Otto, king of Greece 24
Palestine 84
Palldora 74
Papanastossiou A. 107, 108
Paris 19, 42, 48, 55
Patras 24, 25, 38, 103
Petkov 48
Peloponnesus 24
Pera, see also Galata 60
Persians 71, 97
Peytavin F. 21
Phanariols 20
Phare of Macedollia 70
Philip II, king of Macedonia 88
Piraeus 24, 27, 27, 28, 39, 103
Pleyber J. 107, 108
Pljeskovo 32
Plovdiv, see also Filippopolis 45, 46, 47,58
Poggi 55
Poland, Poles, Polish 12, 45
Popovici S. 23
Poree 32
Pozarevae 32
Pozega 31, 32
Prizren 44
Prosehek 48
Prost H. 107
Prussians 55
Raska 31
Reclus E. 19,42, 71
Remzi effendi 63
Reshit pasha 19, 68
Ringstrasse 55
Romania 11, 16, 20, 23, 47
Rome, Romans 52,107
Roubal B. 48
RougonF.63
Rouse 45
Rumelia45
Russia, Russians 11, 13,16, 45,48,72
Sabae32
Sabri pasha 62, 63, 66
Saranta Ekklisies 125
Sarayevo 44
Sarrai! (french general) 107
Sava (river) 41, 42
Sehaubert E. 25, 26, 27
Schinkel K.F. 25
Sehnitter J. 45, 46
Selami 84
Serbia, Serbs 11, 31, 32, 41, 44 .

Serres 24, 29, 40, SO, 53, 57, 84, 103
Sevket pasha 67
Sheik Su heights 125
Sialisla 56,57, 67
Skopje 44, 53
Slavs 44
Slovenes 41
Smederevo 32
Smyrna 62,62, 63,63, 64
Sofia 16, 18, 45, 47, 48, 75
Soliman 58
Spain (Jewish fugilives from) 98, Spani,h w,dls S5
Sparla 24, 24,103
Stomboulov 48
Slara Zagora 47, 48
Staufferl F. 24
Stefanovic S. 32
Sl Pelcrsbourg 34
Strabo 88
Sultanik (houses) 68, 70
Suez canal 73
Switzerland 127
Tahir pasha 79
Tahlakalc 78
Tavouk pazar 78
Thebes 103
Theodosius 97
Thermaie Gulf 88
Thraee 14, 29, 105
Tirana 18
Tripoli 24
Tundja (river) 71, 75, 79
Turnu Magurcl22, 23
Turnu Severin-Drobela 23
Upper City (ofThessaloniki) 114
Van 62
Vardar (river) 44
Vardaris (quarler) 111
Varna 45
Venizclos E. 105, 116
Veria 36, 50, 58
Vienna 55
Vilaeros 21
Vitali P. 64, 66, 67
Vlachs 50
Vokressensk 16
Volos 50, 58, 60
Wallachia 20, 23
Wernieski A. 89
Xanthi 50
Yenidje-Vardar 57, 57
YeniSehir, see also Larissa 57
Yildirim 75, 81, 83
Zaehos A. 107, J08

137

Similer Documents