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TitleTransformable and transportable architecture
LanguageEnglish
File Size16.1 MB
Total Pages86
Table of Contents
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Document Text Contents
Page 1

Transformable and transportable architecture:
analysis of buildings components and strategies for project design.

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Máster Universitario en Tecnología de la Arquitectura. Línea de Construcción e Innovación Tecnológica.

Final Master Thesis

Architect Carolina De Marco Werner

Professor PhD Architect Ramon Sastre Sastre

Transformable and transportable architecture:
analysis of buildings components and strategies for project design.

Barcelona, España. September, 2013.

Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña

Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Barcelona

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sides these, this architecture may be referred as “expandable”
and takes advantages of the combination of rigid and deform-
able elements for construction. And it interacts with the previews
structures as being capable of self-erection or using an auxiliary
structure.

Rigid elements

The hardware type and the folding sequence used by
expandable architecture is what define the structural possibilities
and form. The mechanism connectors must be capable of being
locked and structural once the transformation is finished (Figure
55).

Flat packed

Pre-hinged construction systems, usually with a kit form of auxil-
iary parts. Folding mechanism is commonly used in this system.
A notable advantage is the little depth or thickness in transporta-
tion, being able to transport a larger quantity in a same vehicle.
As the building is unfolded, the structure is also unfolded and
within the envelope, it’s unstable and there is the need of aux-
iliary equipment. Once the unfolding process is completed, and
the fixations and locks realized, the rigid elements have a load
bearing capacity and are stable (Figure 56). The use of an auxil-
iary static structure is an option, but usually the dimension of this
structure is limited to the load necessity and it is not used as a
container for transportation.

Deformable elements

An important advantage to flexible materials (textiles
and membranes) over rigid elements with hinges or pivots is that
in the folded position they occupy less relative space and are

55- Movable connection with locable
and load bearing capacity.

56- Flexhotel, uses the premises of flat
packed containers to improve quantity
trnasportation.

Figure 56

Figure 55

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extremely light and flexible in their application as surface cover.
However, the structural capacity is limited and structural rigidity
has to be achieved by an external influence: a separate struc-
ture, pneumatics or chemically changing the material once erect-
ed (Zuk and Clark, 1979).

Membranes Systems

Textile membranes provide structural function when stretched
over a frame work- depending on the material specifications. An
auxiliary structure of rigid materials can be within the membrane,
and the combination of both in deployment is what conforms the
building (Figure 57). It’s only stable once fully stretched and with
the relation of structure (bars), membrane (cover) and auxiliary
cables (auxiliary tension) with full tension. Textiles and mem-
branes can be used as cover skin in preview structures (Figure
58 and 59).

Pneumatic

In a system of pneumatic structures the structural stabilization is
the result of pressure differences- usually in air. When deflated,
the membranes have flexible form that can be folded into very
compact volume and light weighted, and can be transformed
quickly into a three-dimensional object by inflating air under pres-
sure. This way the membrane becomes a pneumatic stabilized
membrane and acquires some structural rigidity, but, because of
the lightweight, is unstable under wind loads and need the auxil-
iary of cables to hold structure in place.

Inflatable buildings are built with two layers of membrane con-
nected together forming a chamber that, pressurized with air,
produces a rigid structural element which allows large span
structure to be achieved. An air-supported building requires air-

57- Chiton temporal tend, the opening
and closing can be done through the
auxiliary structure, applying tension by
stretching the cables.

58- World in a Shell, the membrane
amplyfies and cover the container
structure. Image of open and closed
positions.

59- World in a Shell in fully open posi-
tion.

60- Rosy the ballarina byRaumlabor,
the air supported structure creates a de-
limitation between external and internal
space.

Figure 58

Figure 59

Figure 57

Figure 60

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Project Basic Information
System Pods and Capsules and Pneumatic
Structure Static structure + expandable

Architect RAUMLABOR

Company

Year Since 2006

Location
Germany and Europe
Neighbors

Use Temporary coletive use

Transformable Buildings Components

Movement Mechanisms
Deployment about 3 hours and with 2-3 people
A fan located under the grating inflates the bubble and continually provides it with
air. The box simultaneously functions as a pressure gage and relief vent.
Load Bearing Structure
Static structure with deformable structures
The bubble nestles itself into whatever is already there
Planar Surface Components
Box: encased in anodised sheet steel
Buble: made of translucent, reinforced PE laminate
Joinery
Ready to plug in water and eletric supply

Transformable Design Strategies
Design
Expansion and
Flexibility

Not previewed

Compactability and
Transportability

Box: 3x3.1x2 metres
Buble: 20x6x12 metres

Structural Stability and
Deformability

the box is stable at all times, the buble depends on the
wind and rain loads

Architectural
Obstruction

only works when fully deployed

Operating System hand operated and powered air suplied
Construction and Operations

Reliability and Safety

Weather. Exception: excessiveWind (from wind force
4). a heating is possible.
Escape routes , fire safety In the bladder there is an
emergency exit.
The bubble is in accordance with DIN 4102 Part 1

Auxiliary Equipment for transportation
Manufacture and
Shipment

Not informed

Maintenance and Costs
Life-Expectancy Not informed
Maintenance Management
Strategies

Not informed

Capital Cost Not informed

Running and Maintenance
Costs

Not informed

1

# 008 _ Küchenmonument

1- deployment process.

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# 008_ Küchenmonument

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2- layout possibilities
3- located under a bridge. the pneumatic
membrane adaptes the form to it sur-
rounding.
4- internal view as a danceroom layout
5- located in a open park
6- view of the entering the ventilator for
the air pressure are keeped under the
ramp.

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