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TitleToward the Development of Roman Catholic Teaching About Contraception in Light of the
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Table of Contents
                            Loyola University Chicago
Loyola eCommons
	2014
Toward the Development of Roman Catholic Teaching About Contraception in Light of the Experience of South Korean Catholic Women
	Taeeun Kim
		Recommended Citation
FRONT_MATTERS (1)
Intro
	INTRODUCTION
tae chp 1
ch.2
	CHAPTER TWO
	Debates by the Catholic Theologians and Ethicists on Contraception
		Traditionalist Approaches
	Revisionist Approaches
ch.3
ch.4
	CHAPTER FOUR
	In other words, while procreation is the primary goal for sexual intercourse to Teresa, sexual intimacy is the primary goal to her husband. She expressed frustration in the relationship with her husband. Thus, I learn that the meaning of the conjugal ...
conclusion
b-1
b-2
b-3
b-4
b-5
	Demographic/Marital
		Contraception-specific
			Marital Sex
b-6
b-7
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Loyola University Chicago
Loyola eCommons

Dissertations Theses and Dissertations

2014

Toward the Development of Roman Catholic
Teaching About Contraception in Light of the
Experience of South Korean Catholic Women
Taeeun Kim
Loyola University Chicago

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Copyright © 2014 Taeeun Kim

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Kim, Taeeun, "Toward the Development of Roman Catholic Teaching About Contraception in Light of the Experience of South
Korean Catholic Women" (2014). Dissertations. Paper 1273.
http://ecommons.luc.edu/luc_diss/1273

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LOYOLA UNIVERSITY CHICAGO



TOWARD THE DEVELOPMENT OF ROMAN CATHOLIC TEACHING

ABOUT CONTRACEPTION IN LIGHT OF THE EXPERIENCE OF

SOUTH KOREAN CATHOLIC WOMEN







A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO

THE FACULTY OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL

IN CANDIDACY FOR THE DEGREE OF

DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY





PROGRAM IN THEOLOGY





BY

TAEEUN KIM

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS

DECEMBER 2014

Page 184

169

studies suggest that harsher sentences are called for against the perpetrators of sexual

violence, especially for the sexual crimes against children in order to reduce future crimes.

Also, it would seem that the South Korean government must establish much

stronger legal and institutional measures to prevent the whole array of sexual crimes,

especially those against children. South Korean sexual culture is not alone in promoting

sexual violence and in not offering effective sex education to young people. But the

significant scale of South Korean problems in the sexual sphere is depressing and cries

out for change. The negative sides of South Korean sexuality seem strongly related to the

double standard of sexual morality for men and women, today’s various sexual violence

issues, the high rate of abortion, and the ineffective use of contraceptives. However, this

is not the only side of South Korean sexuality. There is a positive side in South Korean

sexuality, which I will now explore.

A Positive Aspect of South Korean Sexuality

Today, a positive aspect of South Korean sexual culture can be found in the new

perspective of “romance” and “free love” (which means that free unions of adults are

legitimate relations which should be respected whether they are emotional or sexual

relations). While the traditional concept of romance and love could be eligible to only

young people or single people and should be related to marriage, since 2000 a new

perspective on romance has appeared in South Korea and people started viewing free

love positively.52


52 Eun-Sil Kim, “Korean Sexual Culture and Methodology for Korean Sexuality in the Global Era,” in Hye-
Jung Pyoun, ed., Lecture of Sexuality, The Second (Seoul, Korea: Dongnyouk, 2010), 18-26.

New forms of romance and free love unrelated to marriage have entered

the mainstream of South Korean society. For instance, seniors’ sex and love and

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_union�
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adult�

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physically challenged persons’ rights of sexual expression have begun to be discussed in

the South Korean media. Recently, for instance, there have been public discussions

regarding the legitimacy of sex services for the disabled, illegal immigrants, and

widowers. Some argue that the government needs to “address the needs of these

individuals by allowing prostitution in restricted areas.” 53

Also, South Korean people started to pay attention to perspectives where every

human being has a right to enjoy her/his sexuality and romance beyond the traditional

norm, custom, and regime. While in the past, it was treated as a taboo to talk about sexual

subject matters in public debate, today, discussion or public opinion regarding sexual

subjects became more open socio-culturally. For instance, healthy and pleasurable sexual

activities between spouses, single people and teenagers’ sexuality, and a woman’s

sexuality have been getting treated in a positive way in the South Korean society.

They argue that it should be

legal for a sex worker to visit the home of a disabled person in order to provide sexual

services.

However, still there seem to be negative aspects of sexuality more than positive

aspects in South Korea. There appears to be important room for improvement in the

general way Korean society understands human sexuality and how it treats women in

general but especially in the sexual sphere. It seems clear that South Korean sexual

culture needs to be reformed in positive ways in order to promote greater equality for

South Korean girls and women.







53 Na, “Anti-brothel law fails to dampen sex industry.”

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353





UNdata, “Contraceptive Prevalence Rate,” assessed on May 13,
2013, http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=SOWC&f=inID%3A34.


Vigen, Aana Marie and Christian Scharen. “What is Ethnography?,” In Ethnography as

Christian Theology and Ethics, edited by Aana Marie Vigen and Christian
Scharen. New York: Continuum, 2011.


Vigen, Aana Marie. Women, Ehics, and Inequality in U.S. healthcare: to count among

the living. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

World Health Organization “Older Population and Health System: A profile of The

Republic of Korea,” accessed May 3, 2013.
http://www.who.int/ageing/projects/intra/phase_one/alc_intra1_cp_korea.pdf.


. “United States of America: Country Profile,” assessed on May 13,

2013, http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/events/2008/mdg5/cou
ntries/Final-CP-USA-19-09-08.pdf.


Wood, Allen W. Kantian Ethics. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Yu, Kun-ha. “Adoption policy should focus on unwed moms,” The Korea Herald, May

11, 2014.

http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=SOWC&f=inID%3A34�
http://www.who.int/ageing/projects/intra/phase_one/alc_intra1_cp_korea.pdf�
http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/events/2008/mdg5/countries/Final-CP-USA-19-09-08.pdf�
http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/events/2008/mdg5/countries/Final-CP-USA-19-09-08.pdf�

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354


VITA

Taeeun Kim received a Bachelor of Arts degree from the Catholic University of

Korea, where she majored in Religious Studies. She holds a Master of Arts degree from

the Catholic University of Korea, where she majored in Catholic Theology. Her

professional interests include Roman Catholic moral theology, Christian ethics, sexual

ethics, biomedical ethics, health care ethics, and theological ethicist feminism.

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