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TitleTotal Business 2
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Page 1



r;,!great because l'mI~~own boss, but I still
Iwork with lots of

different people.

Ways of working

Different ways of working

How do you work most effectively? Byworking ...
• regular hours / flexible hours? • in a team / on your own?
• from home / in an oftice? • for a boss / as your own boss?

Compare your responses with a partner.

Match these ways of working 1-8 to definitions A-I. Do you work in any of these

O freelance ~ A Youwork during different parts of the day (eg nights).
1 teleworking B You sell your work or services to a number of different
2 job-sharing companies.
3 shift work C Youwork for different companies for a short time
4 part-time without a permanent contract.
5 temping D Youwork a number of hours per week ar month but you
6 consultancy decide when you start ar finish.
7 flexitime E You don't have a permanent place or oftice ta work
8 hot-desking from, but you find a place to work when you arrive.

F Youwork for a company from home via email, phone or
the Internet.

G You onlywork for some ofthe week (not full-time),
H You do your job for part of the week and another person

does it for the other part.
1 You areri't employed by a company, but are paid to give

specialist advice.

Here are some people describing the advantages and disadvantages of different
ways ofworking. Match the nine ways ofworking in exercise 2 to their comments.
Some comments might describe more than one way.

I like it because it's only
for a couple of months

Iand I'm saving up to go
round the world.


~Sh I had my own
space. I have to carry
everything around in my
bag and sometimes
there's nowhere to sit.

~nlY problem is "
sleeping. Your body
never knows if it's

~~ht o_rd_a_y_!__ -J

When one of us wants a
week off, the other person

I does a few extra day.'ISO it', I
l fairly flexible. ,


My children are at school
50 it lets me spend more
time with them.

It can get a bit lonely at
times. And I miss my

I colleagues and aII the\ oftice gossip.


4 Work in pairs. Think of one more advantage or disadvantage for each way of
working in exercise 2.

Page 2

5 Read about job-sharing. Write these headings into each paragraph.
Get organised Set your limits
Put pen to paper Two become one
Open your mind Plan for disaster
Find the perfect partner Don't feel guilty

How to job-share
Wouldn't it be nice if the working week
finished on Wednesday? With a job-share
it can. Here's the essential guide to
making it work,
(O)Find the perfect partner
Find someone you like. 'Be prepared to

communicate and share credit and blame,'
says Carol Savage, the managing director of
Flexecutive, a flexible working consultancy.

(1) _

Bosses should consider requests for ftexible
working from employees with children under
six. So embrace the benefits: 'Twice as much
experience, skills, brainpower and energy,'
Savage says.

(2) _

Always discuss the worst-case scenarios.
When Margaret Mills, a teacher, lost her job-
share partner because of a family illness, a
return to full-time work seemed inevitable.
'We had been over-optimistic. 1did manage to
tind someone else who titted in with me, but 1
was very lucky.'

(3) _

Plan the system for handing work over
carefully and play to each other's different
strengths. Delegate the workload according to
each other's particular skills and qualities.

(4) _

Managers should clarify what they expect in
terms of hours, availability and results, and
employees should manage their employer's
expectations. Sue Osborn, a job-sharer for 21
years, says, 'We're often asked to do five-day
weeks. Eventually you just have to say no.'

(5) --,- _
Agree in writing arrangements for holidays,

parental leave, retirement, etc. Everyone
should know where they stand from the

(6) _

Do not work untillam at home to make up
for not being in the oftice every day.

(7) _

Clients may not like having to deal with two
people so work closely together. As Savage
says: 'A job-share should be like a marriage
- one voice, one unit.'

6 How easy would it be for you to job-share? Would your employer or boss think it
was a good idea?


Page 3



!# "" #


Working from home
G) 1.1 Youwill hear a woman called Michela talking about working from home.
1 What does she say is important when working from home?
2 What does she think are some ofthe advantages and disadvantages ofthis way of


2 @ 1.1 Listen again and answer the following.
1 Complete the notes about Michela's typical day.

2 How long has she been with her current employer? How long has she been
home- working?

3 Is she doing anything different from normal this week?

3 Match the sentences from the listening ta the grammar explanations.

A a state that started in the past and
continues to the present

B a rautine activity
C an activity taking place at or around

the time of speaking
D an activity that started in the past and

continues in the present

present continuous present perfect continuous
present simple present perfect simple

7.00 - qet up, qetthe kid.s ready




Present tenses


1 '1always get up araund seven,'
2 'I've been doing this kind ofwork for

about fiveyears.
3 'I've been with the same company

since 1left school.
4 'I'm going into the office nearly every

day this week'

4 Name the tenses in exercise 3.

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