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TitleToolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons
LanguageEnglish
File Size4.1 MB
Total Pages562
Table of Contents
                            Contents
Abbreviations
Introduction
Chapter 1. International legal framework
Chapter 2. Problem assessment and strategy development
Chapter 3. Legislative framework
Chapter 4. International criminal justice cooperation
Chapter 5. Law enforcement and prosecution
Chapter 6. Victim identification
Chapter 7. Immigration status of victims and their return and reintegration
Chapter 8. Victim assistance
Chapter 9. Prevention of trafficking in persons
Chapter 10. Monitoring and evaluation
Annex 1. Overview of tools
Annex 2. Protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against transnational organized crime
Annex 3. Feedback form
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Toolkit to Combat
Trafficking in Persons

GLOBAL PROGRAMME
AGAINST TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, 1400 Vienna, Austria
Tel: (+43-1) 26060-0, Fax: (+43-1) 26060-5866, www.unodc.org

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United Nations publication
ISBN 978-92-133789-1
Sales No. E.08.V.14

*0789375*
FOR UNITED NATIONS USE ONLY

Printed in Austria
V.07-89375—September 2008—

Page 281

267chapter 6 Victim identification

� Let the person know what you can do to help, when exactly this can be done, as well
as what you cannot do. Let it rest for a while if necessary, but make sure you explain
the options.

�1+06 176 2155+$.’ 5+)05 1( 64#((+%-+0)

� Listen carefully to what the victim is telling you.

� Use the guiding questions from the checklist when you think it is appropriate.

� Use the checklist provided or create your own checklist of indicators, which will help
guide you through the case.

When asking the questions, consider how much information you need to gather at this stage.

It is important to pay attention to the person’s reactions and emotions during this phase.
Telling you his or her story can make the person anxious, angry or aggressive. You may
notice signs of post-traumatic stress disorder. Are you prepared enough to respond to that?

Step 4. Updating the information

The aim of providing information at this stage is similar to that at earlier stages. It is to
make sure that the possible victim is safe, and to build a relationship of trust with him or
her so that you can work together.

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� After you have heard the person’s story, you should be in a better position to offer more
precise information about the options available to him or her.

� Briefly explain what the situation is if the person is an irregular migrant and is at the
police station.

� Be honest about the consequences of being an irregular migrant, whether the person is
cooperating or not.

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� Explain exactly how these policies affect him or her.

� If relevant, explain at this stage that you suspect the person may be a victim of trafficking
and explain what this means.

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� If there is a possibility of obtaining a permit to stay in the country (short-term or other-
wise), you are obliged to explain this to the person.

� Make sure that you explain the policy in simple, understandable words.

� Do not forget to mention other possibilities and limitations.

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� Explain to him or her how the criminal law works in the country. Mention the possibi-
lities, but also the consequences of criminal proceedings.

Page 282

268 Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons

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� Explain clearly that, apart from criminal proceedings, the person has other options, such
as civil or humanitarian channels.

� Explain the risks, and the other opportunities for assistance that may exist. Be honest
and realistic as to what the options may involve.

Step 5. Jointly deciding what further steps to take

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� Clarify any possible inconsistencies and vagueness in the story. Look for points you may
be able to use.

� Consider whether it is necessary to find out more information now, or whether this can
be obtained at a later stage. Do you have enough for an initial assessment?

�’8’.12 6*’ &’5+4’& 5%’0#4+1

� Jointly develop the desired scenarios: application for a permit to stay, making a
statement, going back to the home country etc.

� Define realistic and achievable goals. (What are the elements? What criminal offence was
committed against him or her?)

� Identify what is needed for constructive change (any additional information, help or
service at this stage?).

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� Discuss possibilities and consequences and let the person decide if he or she wants to
report the crime or would rather leave this decision to a later stage.

� Repeat the information about all other available options (criminal/humanitarian proce-
dures) and let the person decide whether he or she will use them.

� Develop a concrete plan.

� Agree on a timeline and next steps.

After the exchange of information, it is crucial to evaluate. The detective will need to go
through the possibilities and consequences for the victim once more. If necessary, make a list
of pros and cons so the victim can see clearly what his or her options are. It is a good idea
to let the victim rest and consider the options if a “reflection delay” procedure is available.

Step 6. Taking further steps

The highest priority is to ensure that the person is safe and that his or her health,
physical, mental and social needs are taken care of.


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� Refugee or migrant’s centre.

� Starting the asylum procedure.

Page 562

Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, 1400 Vienna, Austria
Tel: (+43-1) 26060-0, Fax: (+43-1) 26060-5866, www.unodc.org

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United Nations publication
ISBN 978-92-133789-1
Sales No. E.08.V.14

*0789375*
FOR UNITED NATIONS USE ONLY

Printed in Austria
V.07-89375—September 2008—490

Toolkit to Combat
Trafficking in Persons

GLOBAL PROGRAMME
AGAINST TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

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