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TitleThe Transformational Use of Information and Communication Technologies in Africa
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Total Pages168
Document Text Contents
Page 1





eTransform AFRICA

The Transformational Use
of Information and
Communication Technologies
in Africa

Page 2

Page 84


Regional or continental initiatives can contribute to building capacity that would support policy makers in
implementing the kinds of initiatives outlined in this chapter. �ese might include:

1. development of common, openly licensed course and programme materials;

2. support for the aggregation and release under open licences of digital learning resources produced in African
countries, possibly by supporting regional consortia of providers;

3. establishment of platforms for capacity building and knowledge exchange on EMIS deployment;

4. support for the development of NRENs and deployment of associated data networks and applications (e.g. grid-
computing, video-conferencing, e-learning, etc); and

5. development of the capacity of policy makers and regulators to enable them to establish more e°ective ICT in educa-
tion policies, strategies and regulatory frameworks.

ReCoMMendATIon 4.8
Consider investments to build capacity at a regional or continental level

For development partners

O�en, ICT in education projects initiated by development partners have not been clearly aligned to broader national
policies and objectives. Where this has been the case, such projects tend to be unsustainable and may even impede
progress in e°ective roll-out of ICT in education by creating conªicts of interest and unnecessary fragmentation.

ReCoMMendATIon 4.6
ensure funded projects contribute to national policies and objectives

Development partners are potential sources of funding
for initiatives which cannot be readily �nanced from
national budgets, as well as potential sources of policy

guidance and expertise. �ey are especially well posi-
tioned to stimulate and support initiatives that are based
on cross-border collaboration:

Should national strategy be unclear, development partners should consider support for governments to develop the
policy environment, including expert support, �nancing and capacity building at both national and regional levels.

ReCoMMendATIon 4.7
Consider investment in the enabling policy environment

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Technology is still developing rapidly bringing with it new educational opportunities. Experimentation is important,
therefore, to test the potential educational applicability of these new technologies and approaches, examine their total
cost of ownership and establish their strengths and weaknesses. O�en, it is di¯cult for governments to fund such ex-
perimentation, but it remains an essential part of building a knowledge base of best practice. Development partners
have a critical role to play in supporting such activities, not least in ensuring pilot projects are well evaluated and the
results widely shared.

ReCoMMendATIon 4.9
Continue to fund pilot projects to test innovative technologies

Adopting policies that lead to release of intellectual capital under open licences (unless there are valid reasons not to
do so) and ensuring that this is stored in a sustainable online repository would help signi�cantly to reduce wastage and
duplication of investment.

ReCoMMendATIon 4.10
ensure that intellectual capital generated by funded projects is shared

Investments by donors, and national governments, in this crucial �eld will be much more productive if they are rooted
in independent critical evaluation of regional initiatives at di°erent stages of development and implementation. �is
will provide better understanding of which initiatives to support and how these can be best supported, reinforced or
expanded where appropriate, including support for collaboration between regional initiatives so that they reinforce
one another.

ReCoMMendATIon 4.11
Undertake an evaluation and impact assessment of regional initiatives

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Page 168

eTransform AFRICA

Information and communication technologies
(ICTs) have the potential to transform business
and government in Africa, driving entrepre-
neurship, innovation and economic growth.
This new flagship report – eTransform Africa –
produced by the World Bank and the African
Development Bank, with the support of the
African Union, identifies best practice in the use
of ICTs in key sectors of the African economy.
Under the theme “Transformation-Ready”, the
growing contribution of ICTs to Agriculture,
Climate Change Adaptation, Education, Finan-
cial Services, Government Services and Health
is explored. In addition, the report highlights the
role of ICTs in enhancing African regional trade
and integration as well as the need to build a
competitive ICT industry to boost innovation,
job creation and the export potential of African

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