Download The Templar Code for Dummies (ISBN - 0470127651) PDF

TitleThe Templar Code for Dummies (ISBN - 0470127651)
TagsFor Dummies
File Size6.1 MB
Total Pages386
Table of Contents
                            The Templar Code For Dummies
	About the Authors
	Authors’ Acknowledgments
	Contents at a Glance
	Table of Contents
		About This Book
		Conventions Used in This Book
		What You’re Not to Read
		Foolish Assumptions
		How This Book Is Organized
		Icons Used in This Book
		Where to Go from Here
	Part I: The Knights Templar and the Crusades
		Chapter 1: Defining the Templar Code
			Knights, Grails, Codes, Leonardo da Vinci, and How They All Collide
			Warrior Monks: Their Purpose
			Templars in Battle
			Betrayed, Excommunicated, and Hunted
			Templars in the 21st Century
		Chapter 2: A Crash Course in Crusading
			Getting a Handle on the Crusades
			A Snapshot of the 11th Century
			The First Crusade: A Cry for Help, a Call to Arms
			Let’s Give It Another Shot: The Second Crusade
			The Third Crusade
			The Final Curtain
		Chapter 3: The Rise of the Knights Templar
			The Perils of Pilgrimage
			A New Knighthood
			A Simple Mission Creates a Powerful Institution
			The Explosion of the Order
			International Bankers
			Imitation, the Sincerest Form of Flattery
			Up Where the Air Is Thin: The Templars Reach Their Zenith
	Part II: A Different Kind of Knighthood
		Chapter 4: Living in a Templar World
			A Standard Unlike Any Other
			Who’s in Charge around Here?
			The Templar Commandery: Medieval Fortress and City
			Symbols of the Templars
		Chapter 5: The Poor Knights Crash and Burn: The Fall of the Templars
			The Seeds of the Fall in the Nature of the Order
			Cracks in the Armor
			The Treacherous Kingdom of Jerusalem
			Dark Clouds Converge over France
			The Accusations
			The Confessions
			The End
		Chapter 6: Cold Case Files: The Evidence against the Templars
			The Chief Accuser
			Opening Move: An Illegal Arrest
			The Charge Sheet
			Blowing Away the Charges, One by One
			The Pope Knuckles Under
			Secretly Absolved
	Part III: After the Fall of the Templars
		Chapter 7: Templars Survive in Legend and in Fact
			The Templar Fleet
			Talking Treasure
			The Scottish Legends
			Templars Part Deux: Return of the Living Knights
			The Greatest Templar Myths
			The Templars Survived!
		Chapter 8: “Born in Blood”: Freemasonry and the Templars
			The Masonic Fraternity: Who Freemasons Are and What They Believe
			Identifying the Possible Templar Origins of Freemasonry
			The Masonic Knights Templar and Where They Came From
		Chapter 9: Modern-Day Templars
			Modern Templar Orders
			Knights But Not Templars
			Teetotaling Templars of Temperance
	Part IV: Templars and the Grail
		Chapter 10: The Templars and the Quest for the Holy Grail
			The Holy Grail: A Ten-Century Quest
			The Quest Begins
			The Templars and the Grail
			The Real Grail?
		Chapter 11: The 21st Century Dawns with a New Grail Myth
			Holy Couple: The Search for the Bloodline of Christ
			Holy Blood, Holy Grail: The Legend Rediscovered
	Part V: Squaring Off: The Church versus the Gospel According to Dan Brown
		Chapter 12: Templars and The Da Vinci Code
			The Secret Societies of Dan Brown
			Leonardo da Vinci and His Last Supper
		Chapter 13: The Suppression of the “Feminine Divine”: Truth or Feminist Fiction?
			Defining Divine Femininity
			Mary’s Marriage: Pros and Cons
			Goddess Worship and the Sacred Feminine: Do We Really Want It Back Again?
			The Catholic Church’s Relationship with Women
		Chapter 14: Getting Our Acts Together: Constantine and the Council of Nicaea
			Fiction, History, and the Early Church
			What Boring Old History Books Say
	Part VI: The Part of Tens
		Chapter 15: Ten Candidates for the Site of the Holy Grail
			Glastonbury Tor, England
			Hawkstone Park (Shropshire, England)
			Takt-i-Taqdis, Iran
			The Santo Caliz (Valencia, Spain)
			Sacro Catino (Genoa, Italy)
			Rosslyn Chapel (Roslin, Scotland)
			Wewelsburg Castle (Buren, Germany)
			Montségur, France
			The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York City)
			Castle Stalker (Argyll, Scotland)
		Chapter 16: Ten Absolutely Must-See Templar Sites
			Where It All Began: Temple Mount (Jerusalem, Israel)
			Temple Church (London, England)
			Royston Cave (Hertfordshire, England)
			Rosslyn Chapel (Roslin, Scotland)
			Kilmartin Church (Argyll, Scotland)
			Chinon Castle (Chinon, France)
			Templar Villages (Aveyron, France)
			Tomar Castle (Tomar, Portugal)
			Domus Templi — The Spanish Route of the Templars (Aragon, Spain)
			Where It Ended: Isle de la Cité (Paris, France)
		Chapter 17: Ten Places That May Be Hiding the Templar Treasure
			Rosslyn Chapel (Roslin, Scotland)
			Oak Island Money Pit (Nova Scotia, Canada)
			Temple Bruer (Lincolnshire, England)
			Hertfordshire, England
			Bornholm Island, Denmark
			Rennes-le-Château, France
			Château de Gisors (Normandy, France)
			Trinity Church (New York City)
			Washington D.C.’ s Rosslyn Chapel
Document Text Contents
Page 1

by Christopher Hodapp
and Alice Von Kannon

The Templar



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Page 2

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Page 193

It is also possible that it and the image found on it are connected to another
artifact that has been said to have been in the hands of the order. Author Ian
Wilson has claimed in The Shroud of Turin: Burial Cloth of Jesus? that the
Templars may have found the preserved head of Jesus, and that the Shroud
was used to wrap it. In which case the Shroud really would authentically
reveal the face of Christ. But the Shroud depicts the whole body of a man,
about 6 feet tall, and not just a head.

Robert Lomas and Christopher Knight, on the other hand, believe that the
Shroud, in fact, displays the face and features of none other than Jacques de
Molay. They make the argument in their book The Second Messiah that the
last Grand Master of the Templars was tortured before his execution, that the
Shroud displays the blood of his wounds, and that the long hair and beard fit
his description. Further, using the carbon dating results from a 1988 test of
fabric from the Shroud, which place its origin between 1260 and 1380, the
time frame fits the period of de Molay’s imprisonment and torture. They con-
clude that the Shroud was wrapped around de Molay after he had been bru-
tally worked over but was still alive.

A completely different theory should interest fans of The Da Vinci Code. Clive
Prince and Lynn Picknett’s book, Turin Shroud: In Whose Image?, makes the
claim that the image was actually a hoax created by none other than
Leonardo da Vinci himself, possibly using an unknown, primitive photo-
graphic chemical process and a pinhole camera.

Templars discover America!
There is absolutely no evidence that the Templars had known about the
Americas in the 13th and 14th centuries, but that hasn’t stopped the specula-
tion that they did. Various researchers have claimed that the Templars had
based much of their wealth on Aztec gold and silver. Aztec tales abounded of
a “great white god” from the East who had come to bring civilization to them.
But there is no archeological evidence of any European presence in the
region prior to the Spanish conquistadors. And that “great white god” stuff
was ancient history to the Aztecs by then. That they meant “Templars” is
highly unlikely.

Authors Tim Wallace-Murphy and Marilyn Hopkins (and several others) have
advanced the notion that, while the order flourished, the Templars ventured
across the North Atlantic, following a similar path as the Vikings, and traded
with the Native American population of northeastern Canada. After the disso-
lution of the order, the Templars moved to Scotland, so the legend goes, and
the Saint-Clair (or Sinclair) family became their protectors. And this is where
the tale of the Templars discovering America really kicks in.

171Chapter 7: Templars Survive in Legend and in Fact

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Henry Saint-Clair and the Zeno Narrative
In 1396, so the legend goes, the Earl of Orkney, Henry Saint-Clair, went into
partnership with a Venetian merchant family known as the Zenos. Saint-Clair
is said by some to have made two trips across the North Atlantic almost a full
century before Columbus. Based on a document called the Zeno Narrative,
the Sinclairs and the Zenos hoped to establish colonies in the Americas, away
from the influence and reach of the Catholic Church.

The Zeno Narrative is derived from letters between real brothers from
Venice — Antonio, Carlo, and Nicolo Zeno — and was published anony-
mously in 1558. In it, a voyage is described by Nicolo Zeno in 1385 from
Venice to England and Flanders, in which he claimed to have been ship-
wrecked on a large island called Frislanda, a mythical place complete with a
mythical prince. Referred to in the narrative as Prince Zichmni, Nicolo claims
to have undertaken voyages to what is presumably Greenland for him over
the space of two decades. At the end of the tale, after encountering strange
and exotic people and places, Prince Zichmni remains in Greenland, starting
a settlement called Trin.

True believers say that Prince Zichmni is in reality the Earl of Orkney,
Henry Saint-Clair, and that the giant island nation of Frislanda is actually the
smallish Orkney Island off the coast of Scotland — curious, because Nicolo
described an island larger than Ireland. The Zeno Narrative comes complete
with a map, but although portions of it and the narrative sort of match up
with Iceland, Scotland, and other North Sea and North Atlantic geography,
the glaring flaw is that the mythical Frislanda doesn’t.

Beginning in the late 1700s, a series of authors began making convoluted
attempts to explain how Zichmni and Saint-Clair are one and the same. In the
1870s, a geographer named Richard Henry Major took up the Sinclair cause
and the Zeno Narrative; his fiddling is the principal source of the nonsense.
There had never been any suggestion in any record of the family history that
Henry was an explorer of any kind, nor that he had ventured far from Orkney
or Scotland at any time in his life, but that never kept a good myth down.
Major took huge leaps of imagination, not to mention outright fabrication,
in his mistranslation and interpretation of the narrative, forcing it to fit the
Henry Saint-Clair mold.

Saint-Clairs and Sinclairs around the world were ecstatic. Here was “proof”
that the Saint-Clairs, descended from the Knights Templar, builders of
Rosslyn Chapel, founders of Freemasonry in Scotland, had also been the
“discoverers” of America, a hundred years before that upstart Columbus.
New Zealand resident Roland Saint-Clair wrote a glowing “biography” of
Henry, calling him an “Orcadian Argonaut.” Thomas Sinclair in Chicago
started a “Society of Sancto-Claro” and made announcements about Henry’s
fame as the “discoverer of America” as a counterpoint to the Columbian
Exposition that was celebrating the 400th anniversary of Columbus. Never

172 Part III: After the Fall of the Templars

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