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TitleThe state of food and agriculture, 2001
LanguageEnglish
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Total Pages315
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135

The State of Food and Agriculture 2001

respectively, after growth rates of 1.8 and 0.7 percent in 1998.

Cereal output, which fell by 4.4 percent in 1998, increased by

nearly 7 percent in 1999. For 2000, overall agricultural

production is estimated to increase by close to 2 percent, with

crops and cereal output anticipated to rise by less than 1

percent. However livestock and non-food production are

estimated to increase by about 3 and 4 percent, respectively.

In Argentina, agricultural production rose by only 1.4 percent

in 1999, after rising by 7.1 percent in 1998. Large production

increases in 1998 were recorded for sorghum, maize and

soybean. In 1999, cereal production fell by nearly 10 percent

owing to much-reduced maize, sorghum and barley harvests. On

the other hand, the 1999 wheat crop, estimated to be 14.2

million tonnes, was a marked improvement on the 1998 below-

average crop. Preliminary estimates indicate that, while

agricultural production has increased by less than 1 percent,

cereal output could rise by nearly 7 percent in 2000. Crop

production is estimated to fall by 0.4 percent.

Brazil saw its agricultural production expand at a rate of 7.3

percent in 1999 after recording only 1.7 percent growth in

1998. Ten states in the country’s northeastern region suffered

prolonged drought in 1998, which severely affected crop

production in this area. Overall cereal production fell by about

9.2 percent in 1998 but recovered in 1999, rising by 16.6

percent. Maize, rice and barley output was up by between 5 and

53 percent. In 2000, overall agricultural output is estimated to

rise by between 3 and 4 percent while cereal output is

estimated to drop by 2 percent. Livestock production is

anticipated to increase by about 4 percent.

In Chile, overall agricultural production fell by 1.7 percent in

1999, after recording 1.5 percent growth the previous year. The

Table 28

NET PRODUCTION GROWTH RATES IN LATIN AMERICA AND

THE CARIBBEAN

Year Agriculture Cereals Crops Food Livestock Non-food

(Percentage)
1991-95 3.1 4.8 2.6 3.5 3.7 -3.5

1996 1.8 2.9 0.8 1.6 3.1 5.9

1997 3.7 3.5 3.9 4.3 2.5 -6.3

1998 1.8 -2.7 2.2 1.5 1.5 6.9

1999 4.6 4.6 4.0 4.9 5.8 0.4

2000
1

2.0 1.7 1.4 2.0 2.7 2.0

1 Estimates.

Source: FAO.

Page 158

136

Regional review

1999 wheat, barley, maize and rice crops were adversely

affected by drought conditions, and overall cereal production

fell by nearly 30 percent. In 2000, agricultural output is

expected to drop again, although by less than 1 percent. Crop

production is estimated to fall by between 2 and 4 percent,

while cereal output is anticipated to rise by 20 percent.

Agricultural production in Colombia remained unchanged in

1999 after growing by 2.5 percent in 1998. A more or less

average cereal output brought a recovery from the poor harvest

of 1998. Heavy rains and flooding at the end of 1999 caused

many human deaths as well as damage to crops, especially

coffee. In 2000, growth in agricultural output is expected to be

between 1 and 2 percent.

In Venezuela, agricultural production increased by 2 percent

in 1999, after contracting by 2.2 percent in 1998. Cereal

production fell by 1.7 percent in 1999, following a drop of

about 11 percent the previous year. December 1999 brought

torrential rains and heavy flooding, leading to the deaths of

about 30 thousand people and damage to agriculture.

Nevertheless, agricultural output in 2000 is only estimated to

contract by less than 1 percent, with crop and cereal production

expected to record a decline for the third consecutive year.

In the Andean countries of Peru and Ecuador, agricultural

production in 1999 grew strongly, at rates of between 13.5 and

19.4 percent, respectively. In Ecuador, this increase came after

the steep fall in output experienced in 1998. In 2000,

agricultural production is estimated to fall by about 5 percent in

Ecuador, where crop and non-food outputs are set to decline

while the cereal harvest is expected to increase slightly from the

level of 1999. Agricultural output is expected to increase by

about 2 percent in Peru, where an above-average wheat harvest

and a bumper maize crop are estimated for 2000.

In Central America, output grew at a rate of 3.4 percent in

1999 after recording only a modest growth of 1.1 percent in

1998. The poor performance in 1998 was due to Mexico’s

weak growth of 1.1 percent and output contractions in Costa

Rica and El Salvador. For 2000, agricultural output growth of

3 percent is estimated. Food and cereal production are expected

to increase by about 3.5 and 5 percent, respectively, while

non-food items are estimated to fall by about 6 percent.

In Mexico, adverse weather conditions caused wheat

production to drop by 5 percent in 1999, after a fall of nearly

12 percent in 1998. At 1.8 million tonnes, maize output

remained at an average level while sorghum production fell by

about 6.7 percent in 1999. Increased agricultural production of

Page 314

294

Annex table

then the values composing the trend can be displayed with the TREND DATA

option. Summary statistics for the original series and for the trend as well as

residual values are included. The list scrolls with the ARROW keys, and you

can toggle between the axis and trend data with the A and T keys.

Exporting data

• The EXPORT option under the FILE menu allows you to export FAOSTAT TS
data into other file formats or to create custom tables for viewing or printing.

By selecting EXPORT, you will jump into another set of menus.

• To select the tables and columns you want to view or save, go to the DATA
menu. You must mark your choice of options with the + key. To undo all your

selections quickly, select RESET MARKS.

• To arrange, view, save or print data, go to the options under EXPORT (in the
FILE menu):

- FAO TABLE creates a table with data from the last four available years.

- VIEW displays a temporary text file of the data selected. It is a convenient way

to view a subset of the tables and columns in a FAOSTAT TS file and can

also be used to see the effects of the ORIENTATION or LAYOUT selections

before using the SAVE or PRINT option.

- SAVE displays a list of file formats to let you save your data choices in a file.

You will be prompted for a file name. If you need to export FAOSTAT TS

data for use with other software, use this menu item. The WK1 and DBF

file format selections are not affected by the LAYOUT options (see below).

- PRINT prints your current table and column selections. Many printers cannot

print more than five columns of FAOSTAT TS data. Select VIEW to check

the table width before printing.

- LAYOUT allows you to display years across rows or down columns. The

default direction is down columns.

• To get back to the main FAOSTAT TS menu or to clear your selections and
create more tables, go the RETURN option.

Making notes

• To read or edit textual information on the current data file, select NOTES
from the FILE menu. You can also call up the Notes box by pressing ALT+N

at any of the menus. The option NOTES allows you to read or edit text

associated with the data file.

DOS shell and exit

The DOS SHELL option under the FILE menu returns you to the DOS prompt

temporarily but keeps FAOSTAT TS in memory. This is not the normal way to

exit the program. It is useful if you need to execute a DOS command and would

like to return to the same data file. The data file itself is dropped from memory

and reloaded on return, so default values will be in effect.

Page 315

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The State of Food and Agriculture 2001

Exiting FAOSTAT TS

• To exit FAOSTAT TS:
- Go to the FILE menu.

- Select EXIT.

The Alt+X or Alt+Q key combinations are short cuts to exit the program from

almost any screen.

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