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TitleThe SBDI Toolkit
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Page 1

The SBDI Toolkit: A Community Resource for

S B D I

The SBDI Toolkit: A Community
Resource for Reducing School-
Based Arrests
SBDI: An interagency Partnership (Court Support Services Division of the Judicial Branch,

Department of Children and Families, State Department of Education, Child Health and

Development Institute)

Connecticut School-Based Diversion Initiative (SBDI)

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Reducing School-Based Arrests



The Connecticut School-Based Diversion Initiative (SBDI) is an interagency partnership

supported by the Court Support Services Division of the Connecticut Judicial Branch, the

Connecticut Department of Children and Families, and the Connecticut State Department of

Education. The SBDI was developed as part of the Front End Diversion Workgroup of the

Models for Change Mental Health/Juvenile Justice Action Network. The Mental Health/Juvenile

Justice Action Network was created through support from John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur

Foundation and was coordinated by the National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile

Justice. This publication was developed with additional support from the Connecticut

Department of Children and Families. It was prepared by the Center for Effective Practice of the

Child Health and Development Institute of Connecticut (CHDI):



Jeana R. Bracey, Ph.D.

Eric R. Arzubi, M.D.

Mark J. Plourd, MSW

Jeffrey J. Vanderploeg, Ph.D.



For additional copies of this toolkit, call 860-679-1524 or visit www.ctsbdi.org or www.chdi.org.

Any portion of this toolkit may be reproduced without prior permission, if cited as: Bracey, J.R.,

Arzubi, E.R., Plourd, M.J., & Vanderploeg, J.J., The SBDI Toolkit: A Community Resource for

Reducing School-Based Arrests, Farmington, CT: Child Health and Development Institute of

Connecticut, 2013.











http://www.ctsbdi.org/
http://www.chdi.org/

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BUILDING CAPACITY






























ey components described in this section of the toolkit include the activities from the full model

that can most readily be implemented by your school, in collaboration with community partners,

to build your school’s capacity to manage and sustain changes to discipline policies and service referral

practices. Participants in Tiers II and III of the SBDI model receive consultation and support to help

successfully implement these activities. These include:



1. Discipline Policy Revisions and Graduated Response Consultation

2. Training and Professional Development




Discipline Policy Revisions and Graduated Response
Consultation

SBDI assists schools in developing a graduated response model of discipline intervention. A graduated

response model is a structured approach to responding to in-school behavior incidents using a

tiered model based on intensity and frequency of problem behaviors and incorporates restorative justice

and diversion principles. School staff are encouraged to address minor policy violations and non-violent

behaviors at the classroom level; administrative interventions are reserved for more serious or repetitive

offenses; referrals for school- and community-based services and supports are made as preventative and

early interventions; and formal interventions by law enforcement/School Resource Officers (SROs) are

used only as a last resort. The following table provides a brief example of general target behaviors and

some specific strategies within each level of intervention. While schools generally spend several months

developing a customized graduated response model that works for their unique population and available

local resources, the information presented in this section will allow you to begin this process.





K

Shifting to a Proactive Approach


 Are you interested in finding solutions to the discipline challenges in your school?

 Do you want to build a long-term strategy for effective behavioral health

intervention?

 Do you need an initiative customized to your school’s needs and strengths?

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Sample Graduated Response Model


Level of Intervention


Target Behaviors



Strategies



CLASSROOM INTERVENTION


 Teacher assumes primary

leadership role
 Involves a range of behavior

management strategies
 Non-serious behaviors


 Dress code violations
 Non-serious policy violations
 Excessive talking
 Verbal altercation with another


 Verbal de-escalation
 Re-direction
 Reinforcement of positive

behaviors



SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION INTERVENTION




 School administrators are
engaged as decision-makers

 Often requires higher level of
documentation and intervention

 Serious behaviors or repetitive
non-serious incidents



 Pattern of non-serious behaviors
not benefitting from classroom

intervention

 Truancy

 Threatening



 Parent conference

 Loss of privilege

 Peer mediation or restorative
action



ASSESSMENT AND SERVICE PROVISION




 Engages administration and
student support teams (e.g.,

social worker, psychologist,

counselor)
 Initiates assessment process to

determine needs and make

appropriate service referrals
 Suspected or confirmed mental

health or developmental needs




 Risk of harm to self or others
 Escalating pattern of

inappropriate behaviors or

crises
 Ongoing defiance of school

rules
 Repetitive truancy





 May be used in conjunction with
classroom and administrative

interventions or other

restorative practice

 Referral for psychiatric
evaluation or special education

determination

 Call 2-1-1 for EMPS Crisis
Intervention





LAW ENFORCEMENT INTERVENTION




 Involvement of school resource
officer or local law enforcement

 Lower level interventions have
been exhausted or unsuccessful

 Situation is deemed an
emergency



 Must be violations of criminal
law

 Imminent harm to self or others
 Violation of state drug and

weapon statutes as indicated by

the State Department of

Education



 Verbal de-escalation
 Verbal or written warning
 Referral to Juvenile Review

Board or other local diversion

program


Adapted from the Model Memorandum of Agreement of the Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee (JJAC)

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RESOURCES


Partners
Child Health and Development Institute

http://www.chdi.org

CT Department of Children and Families

http://www.ct.gov/dcf

CT Judicial Branch, Court Support Services

Division (CSSD)

http://www.jud.ct.gov/cssd/

CT Juvenile Justice Alliance (CTJJA)

http://www.ctjja.org

CT State Department of Education

http://www.sde.ct.gov

Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee (JJAC)

to the Office of Policy and Management

http://www.ct.gov/opm

United Way of Connecticut

http://www.211ct.org

Family Support Resources
African Caribbean American Parents of

Children with Disabilities (AFCAMP)

http://www.afcamp.org

Kids Mental Health Info

http://www.kidsmentalhealthinfo.com

FAVOR Inc.

http://www.favor-ct.org

National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI)

http://www.nami.org

EMPS Providers
Child and Family Guidance Center

http://www.cfguidance.org

Clifford Beers Clinic

http://www.cliffordbeers.org

Community Health Resources

http://www.chrhealth.org

United Community and Family Services

http://www.ucfs.org

Wellmore Inc.

http://www.wellmore.org

Wheeler Clinic Inc.

http://www.wheelerclinic.org

Community Collaboratives
FAVOR, Inc.

http://www.favor-ct.org/collabs.cfm

WrapCT (CT’s Wraparound Initiative)
http://www.wrapct.org

Care Coordination Providers
Bridges

http://www.bridgesmilford.org

Child and Family Guidance Center

http://www.cfguidance.org

Child Guidance Center of Central CT

http://www.childguidancect.org

Clifford Beers Clinic

http://www.cliffordbeers.org

Community Health Resources

http://www.chrhealth.org

Rushford Center

http://www.rushford.org

United Community and Family Services

http://www.ucfs.org

Wellmore Inc.

http://www.wellmore.org

Wheeler Clinic Inc.

http://www.wheelerclinic.org

School Mental Health
Center for School Mental Health

http://www.csmh.umaryland.edu

School Mental Health

http://www.schoolmentalhealth.org

UCLA Center for Mental Health in Schools

http://www.smhp.psych.ucla.edu

Restorative Practices
Restorative Works Learning Network

http://www.restorativeworks.net/schools

http://www.chdi.org/
http://www.ct.gov/dcf
http://www.211ct.org/
http://www.favor-ct.org/
http://www.nami.org/
http://www.cfguidance.org/
http://www.cliffordbeers.org/
http://www.chrhealth.org/
http://www.ucfs.org/
http://www.favor-ct.org/collabs.cfm
http://www.wrapct.org/
http://www.cfguidance.org/
http://www.cliffordbeers.org/
http://www.chrhealth.org/
http://www.ucfs.org/

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