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Besides that, teachers also have a strong sense of belonging to their respective school

(M=7.82, SD=2.92). As can be seen in Table 4.9, items 60, 61 and 63 are negatively

worded items. These were reverse-coded before the analysis. Therefore, the

interpretations are also in reverse. The overall mean for the affective commitment

dimension is at 8.09 (SD=1.63) which relates to how much the teachers are attached to

their schools and wants to stay in their current school.



Table 4.9: Mean and SD of Items of Affective Commitment

Item Item description Mean SD Level

58 very happy to spend the rest of my career with this

school

8.34 2.23 High

62 has a great deal of personal meaning for me 8.34 2.02 High

59 feel the school’s problem are my own 8.31 2.03 High

60r* do not feel like ‘part of the family’ at my school 7.87 2.83 High

61r* do not feel ‘emotionally attached’ to this school 7.86 2.80 High

63r* do not feel a strong sense of belonging to my

school

7.82 2.92 High

Overall 8.09 1.63 High

*r = negative items

Note: Mean – Low level = 1.00 – 4.33; Moderate level = 4.34 – 7.67; High level = 7.68 – 11.00



Figure 4.2 displayed in the next page illustrates the mean and standard deviation of

affective commitment as discussed in Table 4.9.

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