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TitleThe Glands of Destiny. A Study of the Personality
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LanguageEnglish
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Page 1

BY THE SAME AUTHOR

THE ORGANS OF INTERNAL
SECRETION

A MANUAL OF NEURASTHENIA

AIDS TO ORGANOTHERAPY

Page 2

H E N R Y V I I I

(CASTLE H O W A R D H O L B E I N )

[Frontispiece

Page 148

138 THE GLANDS OF DESTINY

vague ill-health and ill-defined discontent. This is
amusingly put in one of Somerset Maugham's plays, where
the middle-aged heroine sends for her doctor to discuss
her feelings with him. After listening to her recital,
he tells her that she is suffering from middle age. When
she demanda upon what he bases his diagnosis, he replies
by asking her whether she has not noticed that the
policemen in the street look much younger to her than
they used to. It is a sure sign that we are relatively
older when we notice how young the policemen appear
to be.

One of the minor inflictions with which middle-aged
women have to contend is the appearance of hair on
the face. This is due to the failing of the ovarian hor­
mone, and the relative ascendancy of the adrenal cortex.
It will be remembered that this latter organ is a masculine
determinant, and that it is more in the ascendant in
virile men and in those animals who are pugnacious and
fearless. In the normal female it appears to be neutra­
lised and controlled by the ovarian secretion. When this
fails, signs of masculinity are liable to occur, and among
these the incipient moustache must be classed. In
some young women of the adrenal type—i.e., dark-
skinned brunettes with the hair low on the forehead
and ill-developed figures—a thin dark moustache tends
to make its appearance as early in life as the " twenties,"
or even the " teens." This is indicative of the activity
of the adrenal cortex in relation to the ovarian secretion.
It is said that brunettes show signs of chronic disease
of a toxsemic nature much more readily than blondes.
If this be true, it can best be explained by assuming
that the adrenals are very sensitive to the action of
toxins in these individuals, and that those types less
dependent upon adequate adrenal functioning, show
signs of toxsemia less readily.

Prescribers of medicine are taught that blondes require
larger doses than brunettes, and that Indians, and the
dark and yellow races, react to half the doses which the

Page 149

I N T E R N A L SECRETIONS I N E V E R Y D A Y L I F E 139

Anglo-Saxon requires. This, again, probably means
that the lighter races are more resistant to the action of
drugs by virtue of their pituitary domination than are
the adrenal-deficient negroid types.

In the climate of Northern Europe, with its sudden
changes of temperature, relatively frequent disorders
occur which are loosely labelled " chills." These are
associated with rises of temperature, and the bodily
and mental discomforts consequent thereon. We all
know most of these by bitter experience, but it makes
them more easy to understand if we grasp the mechanism
which is at work. The centres which control the bodily
temperature (which we must realise rarely varies a degree
in health whatever the temperature of our environment
may chance to be) are situated in the brain. These are
disturbed by many causes, the commonest of them being
the production of toxins by bacteria. The average chill,
to take a concrete example, is due to the introduction
of bacteria and their toxins from such common places
as the nose or throat. These toxins disturb the control
of the bodily temperature by the higher centres, and
lead to disorganisation of the autonomic nervous system.
These factors are responsible for the dry skin, the highly
coloured urine, and the invariable constipation.

But not even in a short illness such as influenza do
the endocrinos escape. Post-influenzal debility is, un­
fortunately, too well known to many people by practical
experience to be regarded lightly; and post-influenzal
debility appears to depend upon under-adrenal action
associated with sympathetic disturbance.

The internal secretions in everyday life are as important
(if not more so) as they are in emergency. The seven
ages of man are the seven epochs of the endocrine organs.
In our everyday life we are dependent upon the chemical
messages which travel about the body from one gland
to another.

The discovery of the endocrines and their work is a
fitting corollary to a long-distant discovery of a similar

Page 296

INDEX 271

James, William, 8
Jolly, quoted, 96

Katabolism, 106
Keith, Sir Arthur, 122, 123, 124
Keimair, J. W. M., 212
Kendal, quoted, 34
Kroeber, quoted, 150

Langley, Prof., 54
Latah, 201
Lillie, 76
Lime salts, 167
Lorain, 218
Lyell, Sir Charles, 147
Lymphatic glands, 159

Macbeth, 178
McCarrison, 58
McDougall, 61
Machnow, 212
Maladie de sommeil, 51
Mankind, divisions of, 150
Marie, Pierre, 208
Maugham, W. Somerset, 138
Mayo, 121
Meige, 213
Melanochroi, the, 150
Menopause, the, 187
Meredith, George, 108
Mering, Von, 28
Metabolism, 16, 105
Minkowski, 28
Mongol, 151
Monkey-gland, the, 129
Moods, 82
Morgan, quoted, 193
Muscles, involuntary, 101

voluntary, 100
Mussolini, Signor, 254 et seq.

Napoleon I, 244
Neanderthal man, 123
Negrilloes, the, 152
Negritoes, the, 152
Negroid type, 154
Nervous breakdown, 9, 111, 134,

135
Nervous system, 100

autonomic, 101
functions of, 101 et seq.
and glands of internal

secretion, 105
parasympathetic, 101,

102

Neurasthenia, 68
Neurone, 119
Neuroses, post-war, 199, 200

Obesity, and pituitary deficiency,
22, 42, 52

and the sexual glands, 86
and thyroid deficiency, 33

O'Bryan, Charles, 23
Ord, quoted, 33
Osier, quoted, 41
Ova, 79, 85
Ovary, the, 85

effects of removal of, 86
functions of, 86
internal secretion of, 85

Palaeontology, 147
Pancreas, the, 28

external secretion of, 28, 109
functions of, 29
internal secretion of, 28, 109

Paresthesia, 136
Paralysis agitane, 98
Parasympathetic system, 102
Parathyroid glands, the, 96

anatomy of, 96
effects of removal of, 97
functions of, 96, 97

Parkinson's disease, 98
Paton, Noel, quoted, 97
Pelvis, the female, 46, 83
Personality, 115

adrenal, 176
and the ductless glands, 115
pituitary, 181
sex-gland, 185
thymus, 182
thyroid, 172

Pflüger, quoted, 85
Pheletas, 215
Philostratus, 152
Pickering, quoted, 154
" Pickwick Papers, The," 22, 42
Pineal gland, 88
Pituitrin, 55
Pituitary gland, the, 40

insufficiency of the, 41
overaction of the, 41
personality, 181
and sleep, 45

Pituitary types, 181
Pliny, 152
Polymorph perverse, 78
Post-war neuroses, 199

Page 297

272 INDEX

Prout, George, 217
Psychology, 116 et seq.

Quaternary period, 147

Races of man, 150
Racial characteristics, 145
Rejuvenation, 129
Richebourgh, 216
Rickets, 167

Sajous, Dr., quoted, 183
Sandström, 96
Schafer, Sir Edward, quoted, 80,

93
Schiff, 32
Secretions, internal, 15
Sella turcica, 40
Sex glands, 70

characteristics of, 78
effects of removal of, 73,

83
functions of, 74
interrelationship with

adrenal, 67
with pituitary, 73,

74
with thyroid, 80

Shakespeare, quoted, 178
Shaw Bolton, quoted, 177
Shell-shock, 196
Skin, the, 161

in Addison's disease, 57
and the internal secretions,

159, 160
pigmentation of, 159
as a racial characteristic, 159

Sleep, 51
abnormal, 52
Durham's researches on, 51
and the pituitary, 51
and rhythm, 51

Sphenodon, 88
Spermatozoa, 70
Spleen, the, 98
Status lymphaticus, 92
Stratton, Charles, 216

Suprarenal glands, 53
types, 176

Swale, Vincent, quoted, 87
Sydenham, Dr., 202
Sympathetic nervous system, 101
Sympathetico-tonic type, 105

Takamine, 54
Tandler, 83
Temperament, 8
Testicles, 70

internal secretion of, 76
effects of removal of, 70, 73

Thymus gland, 90
Thymus gland personality, 182
Thyroid deficiency, 18
Thyroid gland, the, 31

overaction, 35
underaction, 33

" Thyroid personality," 172
Thyroxin, 34
Tom Thumb, 216
Toxsemia, 204

and nervous breakdown, 139
Toxins, 139
Types, endocrine, 172

racial, 145

Usher, Archbishop, 147

Vago-tonic type, 105
Vines, quoted, 97
Virchow, quoted, 26
Virilism, 67
Vitamins, 167
Voltaire, 247
Von Hochwart, 89
Voronoff, 129

War, 195
and the ductless glands, 196
its effects on the nervous

system, 199
Wheelan, 81, 82
Williams, Leonard, 93

Xanthochroi, the, 150, 154

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