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Page 1

THE EVERYDAY
PERSON’S GUIDE TO
PUBLIC EDUCATION

FUNDING

A Publication of ORLEANS PUBLIC EDUCATION NETWORK
www.OPENNOLA.org

FEDERAL

in Louisiana

Page 2

The Orleans Public Education Network would like to extend a sincere thank
you to the following organizations and individuals who provided critical

insights and feedback in preparing this document.

Wilmer Cody

Charles Hatfield

Bob Reily

Debra Vaughan

Orleans Parish School Board

Recovery School District

Louisiana Office of Planning and Budget

Louisiana Department of Education

Researched and Written by Everett Henderson, Henderson Analytics

Edited by Julia Ramsey and Deirdre Johnson Burel

Design & Layout by Eric Brown and Dione Morgan for Morganhill, LLC

Orleans Public Education Network
3321 Tulane Ave.

New Orleans, LA 70119
(P) 504.821.4004
(F) 504.821.4011

www.OPENNOLA.org

Page 10

10

OVERVIEW OF MFP

Funding formulas are the dominant method of distributing state education funds to local school districts in
the United States.15 A funding formula is a mathematical equation containing a number of variables (such
as the number of students, the number of teachers, etc), each of which has some dollar amount attached
to it.16 The characteristics of schools/districts are then applied to the funding formula in order to determine
the amount of money that a school/district receives from the entity that distributes the funds. The Minimum
Foundation Program, or MFP, is Louisiana’s funding formula; it determines how much financial support
that the state will provide to local school districts. MFP is best characterized as a partnership between the
state of Louisiana and local school districts. The formula identifies the cost of educating the children in a
given school district. Then, based on the amount of sales and property tax wealth and the level of tax effort
exerted in a school district, it determines what share of that cost that the local school district should support
and what share of the cost that the state will pay. The state’s share of the funding is subject to the rules
that govern the MFP program, whereas local school boards make the rules governing the portion of school
funding that they contribute.

During FY2012-2013, a total of $6.40 billion was a part of the MFP calculation, either as money the state
directly contributed to local school districts, or as money that local school districts raised that was taken into
consideration when determining the state’s level of support. The graph below shows the state contribution
to MFP, the local contribution to MFP, and local funds beyond MFP levels 1 and 2 (level 3 is entirely state-
funded), but still considered in the MFP calculation, for the last five fiscal years:17

15 Education Commission of the States (http://www.ecs.org/html/issue.asp?issueid=48&subissueID=43)
16 Fazekas, M. (2012), “School Funding Formulas: Review of Main Characteristics and Impacts”, OECD Education Working Papers, No. 74,
OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k993xw27cd3-en
17 MFP Budget Letters, 2008-2009, 2009-2010, 2010-2011, 2011-2012, 2012-2013. Louisiana Department of Education

Louisiana: Total MFP Funding by Source
(in Billions, FY 2008-2009

to FY 2012-2013)

Page 11

11

The MFP formula
consists of 3 levels,
each serving a
different purpose:

LEVEL
ONE

Level 1 is designed to give
every student in Louisiana
the same baseline level of
funding regardless of their

school district’s ability to
raise revenue.

1
2

3

LEVEL
TWO

Level 2 is designed to
reward school districts for

funding education at a
level that exceeds what

the state requires.

LEVEL
THREE

Level 3 provides school
districts additional dollars

to cover personnel and
related costs and it also

funds school districts
under the hold harmless

provision of MFP.

A total of $5.64
billion was
allocated for MFP
levels 1 through 3
in FY2011-12:

$3.57 billion
(63.3%) went
towards Level 1.

$1.46 billion
(25.9%) in funding
went towards
Level 2.

$614 million
(10.8%) went
towards Level 3.

MFP FUNDING BY LEVEL

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Appendix B: 2012-13 School Year MFP Funding By District

School System
2/1/2012
Enrollment

Total MFP
Funding
(State + Local)

State Share of MFP
Levels 1,2 and 3 ($)

State Share of MFP
Levels 1,2 and 3
(Percent)

Local Share of MFP
Levels 1,2 and
Beyond (Percent)

Acadia 9,351 69,609,073 $50,486,266 72.5% 27.5%
Allen 4,028 38,628,320 $28,090,970 72.7% 27.3%
Ascension 20,143 193,231,184 $99,168,986 51.3% 48.7%
Assumption 3,577 35,374,919 $23,793,975 67.3% 32.7%
Avoyelles 6,437 42,121,906 $34,501,206 81.9% 18.1%
Beauregard 6,042 55,660,862 $36,755,881 66.0% 34.0%
Bienville 2,218 33,645,840 $5,101,657 15.2% 84.8%
Bossier 20,789 188,692,074 $98,935,116 52.4% 47.6%
Caddo 41,444 402,081,178 $207,752,403 51.7% 48.3%
Calcasieu 31,713 288,597,346 $155,645,604 53.9% 46.1%
Caldwell 1,577 17,045,507 $11,743,394 68.9% 31.1%
Cameron 1,225 16,797,955 $3,484,420 20.7% 79.3%
Catahoula 1,519 14,172,167 $10,442,245 73.7% 26.3%
Claiborne 1,958 18,808,690 $11,919,638 63.4% 36.6%
Concordia 3,629 31,231,840 $21,711,192 69.5% 30.5%
DeSoto 4,787 106,311,815 $10,472,885 9.9% 90.1%
East Baton Rouge 43,750 464,820,686 $183,217,780 39.4% 60.6%
East Carroll 1,145 9,674,609 $7,604,117 78.6% 21.4%
East Feliciana 1,956 16,413,214 $11,978,768 73.0% 27.0%
Evangeline 5,819 48,146,323 $35,076,113 72.9% 27.1%
Franklin 3,038 25,394,326 $19,219,915 75.7% 24.3%
Grant 3,281 27,132,170 $21,966,422 81.0% 19.0%
Iberia 13,367 115,295,312 $73,478,072 63.7% 36.3%
Iberville 4,479 58,023,403 $15,693,691 27.0% 73.0%
Jackson 2,226 21,536,002 $10,021,594 46.5% 53.5%
Jefferson 44,347 425,619,153 $176,566,963 41.5% 58.5%
Jefferson Davis 5,614 52,780,915 $35,629,108 67.5% 32.5%
Lafayette 29,649 268,118,647 $115,475,574 43.1% 56.9%
Lafourche 13,586 124,178,988 $63,847,349 51.4% 48.6%
LaSalle 2,436 24,231,643 $15,400,251 63.6% 36.4%
Lincoln 6,464 61,841,518 $30,900,414 50.0% 50.0%
Livingston 24,453 195,404,606 $147,567,769 75.5% 24.5%
Madison 1,999 17,616,501 $12,082,954 68.6% 31.4%
Morehouse 4,334 40,221,432 $28,118,989 69.9% 30.1%
Natchitoches 6,462 55,705,341 $34,692,853 62.3% 37.7%
Orleans 42,705 389,436,671 $180,755,107 46.4% 53.6%
Ouachita 19,412 178,893,539 $119,155,841 66.6% 33.4%
Plaquemines 4,224 55,843,271 $12,744,019 22.8% 77.2%
Pointe Coupee 2,882 24,796,722 $12,869,063 51.9% 48.1%
Rapides 23,021 195,295,717 $128,436,293 65.8% 34.2%
Red River 1,407 28,094,586 $3,509,707 12.5% 87.5%
Richland 3,832 32,657,586 $22,201,766 68.0% 32.0%
Sabine 3,987 46,017,644 $24,566,525 53.4% 46.6%
St. Bernard 5,876 59,405,663 $28,065,832 47.2% 52.8%
St. Charles 9,427 132,105,924 $29,871,210 22.6% 77.4%
St. Helena 1,103 9,158,290 $7,161,370 78.2% 21.8%
St. James 3,644 50,875,591 $14,927,938 29.3% 70.7%
St. John the Baptist 6,233 63,770,527 $31,981,966 50.2% 49.8%
St. Landry 14,461 110,215,811 $77,719,318 70.5% 29.5%
St. Martin 7,985 66,462,449 $45,465,064 68.4% 31.6%
St. Mary 9,346 84,734,694 $47,545,742 56.1% 43.9%
St. Tammany 36,557 384,910,165 $203,924,535 53.0% 47.0%
Tangipahoa 19,020 140,796,749 $104,110,634 73.9% 26.1%
Tensas 701 7,009,350 $4,859,699 69.3% 30.7%
Terrebonne 17,735 140,386,535 $86,583,827 61.7% 38.3%
Union 2,833 24,598,784 $16,053,855 65.3% 34.7%
Vermilion 8,873 71,220,484 $45,728,967 64.2% 35.8%
Vernon 9,495 74,560,690 $57,183,869 76.7% 23.3%
Washington 5,185 45,144,292 $36,387,243 80.6% 19.4%
Webster 6,474 61,049,858 $35,082,020 57.5% 42.5%
West Baton Rouge 3,547 35,838,261 $13,821,400 38.6% 61.4%
West Carroll 2,133 16,584,263 $12,970,372 78.2% 21.8%
West Feliciana 2,036 24,637,576 $10,527,636 42.7% 57.3%
Winn 2,422 22,321,631 $15,654,924 70.1% 29.9%
City of Monroe 8,587 86,820,341 $46,618,009 53.7% 46.3%
City of Bogalusa 2,059 21,603,966 $14,359,001 66.5% 33.5%
Zachary Community 5,071 51,610,953 $29,235,199 56.6% 43.4%
City of Baker 1,772 16,889,403 $11,801,918 69.9% 30.1%
Central Community 3,943 37,730,522 $24,501,064 64.9% 35.1%

State Totals 676,830 6,395,643,973 $3,404,925,471 53.2% 46.8%

APPENDIX B:
School Year MFP Funding By District

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Appendix B: 2012-13 School Year MFP Funding By District

School System
2/1/2012
Enrollment

Total MFP
Funding
(State + Local)

State Share of MFP
Levels 1,2 and 3 ($)

State Share of MFP
Levels 1,2 and 3
(Percent)

Local Share of MFP
Levels 1,2 and
Beyond (Percent)

Acadia 9,351 69,609,073 $50,486,266 72.5% 27.5%
Allen 4,028 38,628,320 $28,090,970 72.7% 27.3%
Ascension 20,143 193,231,184 $99,168,986 51.3% 48.7%
Assumption 3,577 35,374,919 $23,793,975 67.3% 32.7%
Avoyelles 6,437 42,121,906 $34,501,206 81.9% 18.1%
Beauregard 6,042 55,660,862 $36,755,881 66.0% 34.0%
Bienville 2,218 33,645,840 $5,101,657 15.2% 84.8%
Bossier 20,789 188,692,074 $98,935,116 52.4% 47.6%
Caddo 41,444 402,081,178 $207,752,403 51.7% 48.3%
Calcasieu 31,713 288,597,346 $155,645,604 53.9% 46.1%
Caldwell 1,577 17,045,507 $11,743,394 68.9% 31.1%
Cameron 1,225 16,797,955 $3,484,420 20.7% 79.3%
Catahoula 1,519 14,172,167 $10,442,245 73.7% 26.3%
Claiborne 1,958 18,808,690 $11,919,638 63.4% 36.6%
Concordia 3,629 31,231,840 $21,711,192 69.5% 30.5%
DeSoto 4,787 106,311,815 $10,472,885 9.9% 90.1%
East Baton Rouge 43,750 464,820,686 $183,217,780 39.4% 60.6%
East Carroll 1,145 9,674,609 $7,604,117 78.6% 21.4%
East Feliciana 1,956 16,413,214 $11,978,768 73.0% 27.0%
Evangeline 5,819 48,146,323 $35,076,113 72.9% 27.1%
Franklin 3,038 25,394,326 $19,219,915 75.7% 24.3%
Grant 3,281 27,132,170 $21,966,422 81.0% 19.0%
Iberia 13,367 115,295,312 $73,478,072 63.7% 36.3%
Iberville 4,479 58,023,403 $15,693,691 27.0% 73.0%
Jackson 2,226 21,536,002 $10,021,594 46.5% 53.5%
Jefferson 44,347 425,619,153 $176,566,963 41.5% 58.5%
Jefferson Davis 5,614 52,780,915 $35,629,108 67.5% 32.5%
Lafayette 29,649 268,118,647 $115,475,574 43.1% 56.9%
Lafourche 13,586 124,178,988 $63,847,349 51.4% 48.6%
LaSalle 2,436 24,231,643 $15,400,251 63.6% 36.4%
Lincoln 6,464 61,841,518 $30,900,414 50.0% 50.0%
Livingston 24,453 195,404,606 $147,567,769 75.5% 24.5%
Madison 1,999 17,616,501 $12,082,954 68.6% 31.4%
Morehouse 4,334 40,221,432 $28,118,989 69.9% 30.1%
Natchitoches 6,462 55,705,341 $34,692,853 62.3% 37.7%
Orleans 42,705 389,436,671 $180,755,107 46.4% 53.6%
Ouachita 19,412 178,893,539 $119,155,841 66.6% 33.4%
Plaquemines 4,224 55,843,271 $12,744,019 22.8% 77.2%
Pointe Coupee 2,882 24,796,722 $12,869,063 51.9% 48.1%
Rapides 23,021 195,295,717 $128,436,293 65.8% 34.2%
Red River 1,407 28,094,586 $3,509,707 12.5% 87.5%
Richland 3,832 32,657,586 $22,201,766 68.0% 32.0%
Sabine 3,987 46,017,644 $24,566,525 53.4% 46.6%
St. Bernard 5,876 59,405,663 $28,065,832 47.2% 52.8%
St. Charles 9,427 132,105,924 $29,871,210 22.6% 77.4%
St. Helena 1,103 9,158,290 $7,161,370 78.2% 21.8%
St. James 3,644 50,875,591 $14,927,938 29.3% 70.7%
St. John the Baptist 6,233 63,770,527 $31,981,966 50.2% 49.8%
St. Landry 14,461 110,215,811 $77,719,318 70.5% 29.5%
St. Martin 7,985 66,462,449 $45,465,064 68.4% 31.6%
St. Mary 9,346 84,734,694 $47,545,742 56.1% 43.9%
St. Tammany 36,557 384,910,165 $203,924,535 53.0% 47.0%
Tangipahoa 19,020 140,796,749 $104,110,634 73.9% 26.1%
Tensas 701 7,009,350 $4,859,699 69.3% 30.7%
Terrebonne 17,735 140,386,535 $86,583,827 61.7% 38.3%
Union 2,833 24,598,784 $16,053,855 65.3% 34.7%
Vermilion 8,873 71,220,484 $45,728,967 64.2% 35.8%
Vernon 9,495 74,560,690 $57,183,869 76.7% 23.3%
Washington 5,185 45,144,292 $36,387,243 80.6% 19.4%
Webster 6,474 61,049,858 $35,082,020 57.5% 42.5%
West Baton Rouge 3,547 35,838,261 $13,821,400 38.6% 61.4%
West Carroll 2,133 16,584,263 $12,970,372 78.2% 21.8%
West Feliciana 2,036 24,637,576 $10,527,636 42.7% 57.3%
Winn 2,422 22,321,631 $15,654,924 70.1% 29.9%
City of Monroe 8,587 86,820,341 $46,618,009 53.7% 46.3%
City of Bogalusa 2,059 21,603,966 $14,359,001 66.5% 33.5%
Zachary Community 5,071 51,610,953 $29,235,199 56.6% 43.4%
City of Baker 1,772 16,889,403 $11,801,918 69.9% 30.1%
Central Community 3,943 37,730,522 $24,501,064 64.9% 35.1%

State Totals 676,830 6,395,643,973 $3,404,925,471 53.2% 46.8%

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