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The Da Vinci Code

Personal Unedited Research
By: Josh McDowell © 2006

Page 2 Page 2

Josh McDowell’s personal research on The Da Vinci Code was collected in
preparation for the development of several equipping resources released in
March 2006.

This research is available as part of Josh McDowell’s Da Vinci Pastor
Resource Kit. The full kit provides you with tools to equip your people to
answer the questions raised by The Da Vinci Code book and movie. We trust
that these resources will help you prepare your people with a positive
readiness so that they might seize this as an opportunity to open up
compelling dialogue about the real and relevant Christ.

Da Vinci Pastor Resource Kit

This kit includes:

- 3-Part Sermon Series & Notes
- Multi-media Presentation
- Video of Josh's 3-Session Seminar on DVD
- Sound-bites & Video Clip Library
- Josh McDowell's Personal Research & Notes

Retail Price: $49.95

The 3-part sermon series includes a sermon outline, discussion points and
sample illustrations. Each session includes references to the slide
presentation should you choose to include audio-visuals with your sermon
series. A library of additional sound-bites and video clips is also included.

Josh McDowell's delivery of a 3-session seminar was captured on video and
is included in the kit. Josh's personal research and notes are also included.
This extensive research is categorized by topic with side-by-side comparison
to Da Vinci claims versus historical evidence.

For more information and to order Da Vinci resources by Josh McDowell, visit

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Da Vinci Code

Historical Fact

using it to expand
their own power.”

of the Roman empire by being a Sunday School
teacher. Emperors were always concerned about the
unity of their empire. That’s why so many Christians
were killed. They wouldn’t bow down to the empire’s
gods (including the Caesars) so they were viewed as
threats within the empire to be eliminated.

Role of the
Council of

establishment as
the ‘Son of God’
was officially
proposed and voted
on by the Council of
Nicaea…A relatively
close vote at that.”

Constantine now recognized another source of
disunity in his empire. A forceful speaker named
Arius had attracted a large following of people who
were persuaded that Christ was something less than
eternal God, something like a lesser God, created by
the Father and sent to earth to enter humanity
through his birth from Mary of Nazareth. Constantine
felt both a political and religious desire to end this
controversy, and called together over 300 Bishops
from all over the empire. Lutzer describes,

“He gave the opening speech himself, telling the
delegates that doctrinal disunity was worse than

This intrusion of a politician into the doctrines and
procedures of the church was resented by some
of the delegates, but welcomed by others. For
those who had gone through a period of bitter
persecution, this conference, carried on under the
imperial banner, was heaven on earth.” (Lutzer,
DVD, 5)

Something else Brown doesn’t mention is that Arius
believed that Jesus was sinless, created the
universe, and was a unique and special created
being – not a mere man. Arius simply was reluctant
to take the next step and classify Jesus as God in
the full sense.

“Athanasius and most church leaders, on the
other hand, were convinced that Jesus was God
in the flesh. Constantine wanted to settle the
dispute, hoping to bring peace to his empire,
uniting the east and west divisions. Thus, in 325
a.d., he convened more than 300 bishops at
Nicaea (now part of Turkey) from throughout the
Christian world.”

300 – 2 (now that So just how close was the vote for Jesus’ co-

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Da Vinci Code

Historical Fact

was a close one) eternality with the Father? “In fact,” says historian
and researcher Dr. Paul Maier at Western Michigan
University, “the vote was 300 to 2.” (Hanegraaff,
DVCFF, 15) That’s quite a stretch: from “a relatively
close vote” to 300 to 2. (Some sources say that the
vote was 218-2)

How does it feel to be lied to so convincingly? In
actuality, it was a landslide in favor of the position we
have in the Nicaean creed today, Christ being “Light
of Light, very God of very God; begotten, not made,
being of one substance with the Father, by whom all
things were made.”

Claims to deity

Matthew 16:16

John 1:1-3

John 20:28

“Until that moment
in history, Jesus
was viewed by His
followers as a
mortal prophet… a
great and powerful
man, but a man
nonetheless. A
mortal.” (p233)

What is important for people to know in the face of
The Da Vinci Code claims, is that this vote only
affirmed what Christians had believed all along.

Matthew was there when Peter made his famous
confession in Matthew 16:13-16,

“You are the Christ, the Son of the living God”.

The disciple, John wrote of Jesus,
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word
was with God, and the Word was God. He was in
the beginning with God. All things came into being
through Him, and apart from Him nothing came
into being…. And the Word became flesh, and
dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of
the only begotten from the Father, full of grace
and truth.” (John 1:1-3,14)

John was there when Thomas made the declaration
he never thought he would when he called Jesus

“My Lord and my God”. (John 20:28)

These followers of Christ definitely regarded Christ
as deity, and, as we saw earlier wrote down the only
eye-witness gospel accounts of the life of Jesus
preserved for posterity. Literally hundreds of verses
could be quoted from the gospels and other books.

Jesus has publicly condoned the worship he
received from his disciples.

Philippians 2:6-7 “In the letter to the church at Philippi, the apostle

Page 163 Page 163

Popham, A. E. Drawings of Leonardo da Vinci. London, 1947.
Richter, Jean Paul. Literary Works of Leonardo da Vinci. London, 1883, 2v.
Wallace, Robert and editors of Time-Life Books. The World of Leonardo. New York:
Time Incorporated, 1966.
Vasari,Giorgio. 1987. Lives of the Artists. Trans. George Bull. 2 vols. Harmondsworth
(from:Vasari, Giorgio. Lives of the Painters, Sculptors and Architects. 1550)
Vasari, Giorgio. Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects,
Everyman's Library, 4v.
Same, ed. E. H. & E. W. Blashfield, and A. A. Hopkins. New York, 1907, references to
Vol. IV

Leonardo's Manuscripts

Ar Codex Arundel. British Library, London (Arundel MS 263). 283 folios, with a typical
format of 210 x 150 mm.
CA Codex Atlantics. Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan. Miscellaneous collection of drawings
and writings, formerly of 401 folios in large format, 645 x 435 mm, compiled by Pompeo
Leoni in the sixteenth century, recently reorganized [1962-1970] into 12 volumes with a
total of 1,119 folios.
RL Royal Library, Windsor. A collection of 655 drawings and manuscripts, catalogued as
folios 12275-12727 (general) and 19000-19152 (anatomical).

Paris Manuscripts:

A (MS 21272), B (MS 21273), C (MS 21274), D (MS 21275) , E (MS 21276), F (MS
21277) G (MS 21278), H (MS 21279), I (MS 21280), K (MS 21281), L (MS 21282, M
(21283), and BN 2037, BN 2038 are part of Paris MS at the Institut de France, Paris.

Other notebooks and manuscripts and cited sources:

Gaddiano, Anonimo, in Codice Magliabecchiano, ed. Carl Frey. Berlin, 1892.
Fors: Forster Codices, Victoria & Albert Museum, London. Three volumes containing
five notebooks.
Leonardo da Vinci. Notebooks, arranged, rendered into English, and introduced by
Edward MacCurdy. New York, 1938, 2v.
Ma: Madrid Condices, Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid (MSS 8936, 8937).
Triv: Trivulzian Codex. Castello Sforzesco, Milan, Biblioteca Trivulziana MS N2362. 55
folios, 195x 135 mm.
CU: Vatican Library, Codex Urbinus Latinus 1270. Selections from various notebooks
and manuscripts made c. 1530 by Francesco Melzi; abbreviated edition published as
Trattato della pittua (Paris 1651).
R: Jean-Paul Richter, The Literary works of Leonardo da Vinci (2 vols., London, 1st ed.
1883, 2nd ed. 1939, repr. 1970).
BM: British Museum.

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Closing Notes on Leonardo Research

I've included many quotes from various sources. I tried to find the most primary sources
provided by the various authors and researchers. I have not included their exhaustive
primary source resources, page upon page. I'd be glad to send them if you desire. I
hope these quotes might be useful.

Also, Dr. Martin Kemp is one of the top experts regarding Leonardo, (currently a
Professor of the History of Art at the University of Oxford). He has taken an exhibit of
the universal Leonardo to highlight Leonardo's art and accomplishments and has been
part of specials and created a CD-rom for Bill Gates who owns one of Leoanardo's
notebooks. In his book, Leonaardo, he notes:

"Almost inevitably, Leonardo has been signed up for secret societies, such the Knights
Templar, the Priory of Zion, and the Rosicrucians, the kinds of mysterious, closed, or
underground organizations beloved of historical conspiracy theorists. The more 'secret'
the conspiracy, the more latitude is afforded to the historical fantasist. If the Holy Grail is
involved, so much the better. For the writer of fiction, the license is almost unlimited.
Dan Frown's phenomenally successful The Da Vinci Code, published in 2003, lists
'Leonardo da Vinci 1510-1519' as one of the 'Grand Masters' of the 'Prieure de Sion' in
'Les Dossiers Secrets - Number 4* Un 249' in the Bibliotheque National in Paris.
Amongst his companions in the strange list of 26 Grand masters are Botticelli, Newton,
and Debussy! An opportunity has been missed; 27 is traditionally a much more
mysterious number. The Last Supper contains the hidden clues, the most significant of
which is that St John, portrayed in stock mode as tradition required - youthful and
somnambulant - is actually Mary Magdalene, who is pregnant with Jesus' child. The
murderous mysteries that ensue depend upon the suppression and intended annexation
of this awesome truth by St Peter and his papal successors. In the service of fiction,
such unfounded 'fact' are fin; as history they perpetrate nonsense. The problem with
Browns Code is not in its invention of 'truth'; but that it has been taken seriously by those
who cannot recognized fiction as fiction."

PS. The following 3 videos show the people behind the da Vinci code hoax. They do
make one feel very uncomfortable, but when viewed as a whole, they seem so bizarre in
the way they talk about their many assumptions and conclusions.

1) Origins of the Da Vinci Code features Henry Lincoln
2) Da Vinci Code Decoded covers all the major players of the code and Lynn

Picknett's description of Jesus as an Egyptian magician
3) Cracking the Da Vinci code, especially section 4 also shows Picknett's view of the

famous artwork and that she disagrees with Dan Brown that Jesus was married
and even admits maybe they just had spiritual sex and not actual sex, according
to "the numerous documents."

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