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Sustainable Living

The role of whole life costs and values

Page 123


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Environmental impact assessment 111

Page 246

Rainfall changes expected in NZ,
expected effects, 9

Recurrent embodied energy of buildings,
17, 58–9

Refrigerators/freezers, energy
consumption, 57

REGENER project, 33
Replacement cycles:

building elements and materials, 130–5
domestic appliances and furniture,

Resource consumption, sustainable

limits, 89
Risk management with LCC of buildings,


environmental impact rating, 144
for NZ model, 122–3
occurrence frequency in specifications,


Sea level rise changes expected
in NZ, 9

Security with ventilation, 203
Sensitivity analysis with LCC of

buildings, 82–4
Singapore, affordable housing policy, 5
Space heating, 47–54

about space heating, 47–8
affordability concerns, 52–3
auxiliary heating demand, 48
average NZ house (BIAC), 156–7,

climate indicators for NZ, 49
environmental impacts, 145–6
heat gains from occupants, 48
heat gains/losses through house

fabric, 53–4
Household Energy End-use Project

(HEEP), 47–8
insulation effects, 54
international cost comparisons, 53
moisture/water vapour problems/

issues, 52

NZ model house, 137
NZ, UK, USA comparisons,

Spec homes, 117
Spider diagrams, 82–5, 183
Sunshine hours, NZ, 126

Technological advancement, and
environmental impact, 90

Television sets, energy consumption,

Temperature changes expected in NZ,
expected effects, 8–9

Time value of money, 68–9
Traditional environmental

needs, 4–6

Urban intensification issues, 17–18
Useful life see Replacement cycles
Useful life of buildings, 32–4

a NZ house, 33–4
Users of buildings see Buildings and

the user

Ventilation, 202–3
need for, 4
and security, 203

Walls, internal/external:
environmental impact rating, 144
for NZ model, 119–22
occurrence frequency in specifications,

Water heating, domestic:

average NZ house (BIAC), 158
energy required, 54–6, 140
Household Energy End-use Project

(HEEP), 54–5
possible saving measures, 55–6
safe temperature issues, 55
and the user, 205

average NZ house (BIAC), 153–4
thermal upgrading, 202

Index 233

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