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TitleSugar Intake and the Five Personality Traits of Millennials
LanguageEnglish
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Total Pages154
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                            Walden University
ScholarWorks
	2017
Sugar Intake and the Five Personality Traits of Millennials
	Flora Gashi
PhD Template
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Walden University
ScholarWorks

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies
Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Collection

2017

Sugar Intake and the Five Personality Traits of
Millennials
Flora Gashi
Walden University

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aesthetics, feelings, actions, ideas, and values by Costa and McCrae (1992). Openness

was measured using a 6-point Likert-type scale that is anchored by numerical values. Ten

semantic phrases were used to describe behaviors related to being open to experiences.

Respondents were asked to select a numerical answer that best fits their agreement to the

question. Lower values mean less agreement while higher values represent greater

agreement. Response options were scaled at the interval level where 1=strongly disagree,

2 = disagree, 3 = disagree more than agree, 4=agree more than disagree, 5 = agree, and

6= strongly agree. The scale is considered an ipsative scale where respondents are

required to select an option; an escape option was not provided. Further, the scale was

assumed to be an interval level scale since an equal relationship between response

options existed. Scores from the ten questions were summed and averaged to obtain an

overall openness score.

Extraversion, (Predictors)

Extraversion relates to qualities of interpersonal interaction such as warmth and

sociability with others, confidence and excitement seeking as well as positive emotions

(Costa & McCrae, 1992). Extraversion was measured using a 6-point Likert-type scale

that is affixed by numerical values. Ten semantic phrases were used to describe behaviors

related to extraversion. Participants were requested to select a numerical answer that best

fits with their agreement to the question. Lower values mean less agreement while higher

values represent greater agreement. Response options were scaled at the interval level

where 1=strongly disagree, 2 = disagree, 3 = disagree more than agree, 4=agree more

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than disagree, 5 = agree, and 6= strongly agree. The scale is considered an ipsative scale

where respondents are required to select an option; an escape option was not offered.

Further, the scale was assumed to be an interval level scale since an equal relationship

between response options existed. Scores from the ten questions were summed and

averaged to obtain an overall extraversion score.

Agreeableness, (Predictors)

Agreeableness has been associated with trust, straightforwardness, altruism, ideas,

values (Costa & McCrae, 1992). Agreeableness is also characterized as a blend of

friendliness and compliance (Costa & McCrae, 1992). Agreeableness was measured

using a 6-point Likert-type scale that is defined by numerical values. Ten semantic

phrases were used to describe behaviors related to agreeableness. Participants were

requested to select a numerical answer that best fits with their agreement to the question.

Lower values mean less agreement while higher values represent greater agreement.

Response options were scaled at the interval level where 1=strongly disagree, 2 =

disagree, 3 = disagree more than agree, 4=agree more than disagree, 5 = agree, and 6=

strongly agree. The scale is considered an ipsative scale where respondents are required

to select an option; an escape option was not offered. Further, the scale was assumed to

be an interval level scale since an equal relationship between response options existed.

Scores from the ten questions were summed and averaged to obtain an overall

agreeableness score.

Conscientiousness, (Predictors)

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Appendix E

Invitation to Participate in a Research Study Survey

Walden University, School of Public Health, USA

November 2016

Good morning!

This letter is an invitation to consider participating in a study I am conducting as part of

my Doctoral degree in Public Health at Walden University under the supervision of Dr. John

Nemecek. The purpose of this study is to examine if sugar intake is related to personality traits in

the Millennial population.

Participation in this study is voluntary. It will involve a survey of approximately 30

minutes in length to take place online. You were selected to be part of this project because you

have been identified as over 18 years old, at least 18 but no more than 35 years old, must be

willing to participate, residing in the United States of America. Your time to participate in this

brief web survey may promote positive social change by helping understand the role personality

traits play in determining sugar intake, which in turn help to reduce sugar intake so as to reduce

the associated health risks of consuming high sugar.

Your answers will be completely confidential. Anonymous methods will be applied for

the study. The results of the survey will be reported in a summary format. To complete the survey

online, please go to the URL below. Thank you in advance for your participation in this important

project. If you have any questions about the administration of the survey, please contact Flora

Gashi by email at

Sincerely,

Flora Gashi, Walden University Researcher

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