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                            University of Northern Colorado
Scholarship & Creative Works @ Digital UNC
	12-9-2015
Stress, Anxiety, and Coping in a Live Supervised Individual Counseling Practicum: a Grounded Theory
	Ernest George Zullo III
		Recommended Citation
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University of Northern Colorado
Scholarship & Creative Works @ Digital UNC

Dissertations Student Research

12-9-2015

Stress, Anxiety, and Coping in a Live Supervised
Individual Counseling Practicum: a Grounded
Theory
Ernest George Zullo III

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Zullo, Ernest George III, "Stress, Anxiety, and Coping in a Live Supervised Individual Counseling Practicum: a Grounded Theory"
(2015). Dissertations. Paper 315.

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Page 83

71




Participants described a range of experiences and perceptions from feeling overwhelmed,

perceptions,

As soon as I would come out of session everybody would be waiting for

me and just staring at me. It was kinda overwhelming for me. Seven

different people and what they all thought was a lot of information to take

in at once.



This sense of being overwhelmed by the potential chaos, expectations and flood of

information was common among participants. As Purple stated, "It scared the hell out of

me to round the corner and see all those people sitting there waiting for me."

Feedback

This theme describes the anxiety and stress experienced by participants while

receiving feedback, both formally and informally, from all sources. Participants

specifically noted concerns regarding the quantity, quality, and veracity of the feedback

as well as their emotional responses to the process and content. The content in this theme

does not address the integration of feedback and or the displaying of counseling skills per

reactions to it. Emotional reactions that included, but were not limited to: experiencing

feedback as confusing or vague and or questioning the motives of the sender.

distain related to feedback. As Orange stated, "I was so upset, it ruined my weekend, it

[the critical feedback] was all I could think about." Also echoed by Aquamarine's

statement, "The feedback from everyone was I did a lousy job, I could see them struggle

to have something nice to say, it haunted me for the rest of the week."

Page 84

72




Most participants described confusion associated with how feedback was given

and received. Often times the confusion seemed to emanate from the dichotomous

thinking common to beginning students in practicum. For example, Amethyst said, "She

[her supervisor] said not to ask questions the week before and now this week I'm

supposed to ask questions!" Pink also commented on this, when she said:

It always felt like [the doctoral student] would say one thing to me, and

then when I questioned it would say something else in front of Dr. [the

professor's name]. It wasn't until practicum was almost over that I was

able to really understand she was saying the same thing.



Another example when Purple wrote, "[the doctoral student] just kept saying that I wasn't

present in the room. What the hell does that mean?"

The second element involved anger and or frustration expressed by feedback

received on the student's part. This feedback was often times received as being personal

and or attacking in nature than other feedback was. Orange spoke about this a great deal,

"I've never been so pissed off about anything in my life. Who the hell does she think she

is telling me that I am being cold and uncaring in the room?" Orange went on to report

that she felt like this feedback she received from a peer was "unfair" because it did not

have anything to do with her professionally. This student would remain preoccupied with

this feedback for several weeks during practicum. Aquamarine would also discuss this

saying, "I just felt like what she said was about me as a person and that is none of her

damn business. It still bothers me even though it's [the practicum] all over."

Modifiers and Influencers of Anxiety

The second major category describes those aspects that seemed to modify or

influence, either positively or negatively, the stress and anxiety experienced by

participants. As stated earlier, stress is defined as a signal that requires attention from the

Page 165

APPENDIX G

Final Interview Question Guide

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153




Final Interview Question Guide

This interview takes place during the last three weeks of practicum. Because this

interview takes place as the practicum is coming to an end, these questions are more

direct regarding the experience of stress, anxiety, and coping than previous research

activities. Follow up questions and probes will still involve

descriptions of their experience of anxiety and coping in practicum.

1. As you look back on your practicum experience, what stands out?

2. What was your internal dialogue while seeing your first client? What is your internal

dialogue now as you finish practicum?

3. What if any conflicts did you have with others in practicum? How were these

conflicts resolved?

4. Describe the best moment in practicum. Describe your worst moment in practicum.

5. Describe the process of receiving and giving feedback.

6. Describe your experiences with the live supervision environment and process.

7. How did you cope with the stress and anxiety of practicum? Follow up: Were these

new behaviors or strategies? To what degree did these behaviors or strategies work?

8. What advice would you give the next semester's practicum students?

9. Is there anything else about practicum that you would like to talk about that we

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