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Table of Contents
                            State Personal Income and Employment: Concepts, Data Sources, and Statistical Methods
	Table of Contents
	I. Introduction
		A Brief History
		Uses of the State Estimates
		Place of Residence and Place of Measurement
		Relation of Personal Income in the NIPA and in the State Personal Income Accounts
		Industrial Classification
			Revisions to NAICS
				Descriptions changed from NAICS 2002 to NAICS 2007:
				Descriptions changed from NAICS 2007 to NAICS 2012:
		Per Capita Personal Income
		Farm Proprietors’ Income
		Personal Income, Adjusted Gross Income, and Money Income
		Employment
		Sources of the Data
		Preparation and Revision Schedule
		Release and Publication Schedule
		Tables
		Resources on BEA’s website
		Table A. Relation of Personal Income in the NIPA and the State Personal Income Accounts
		Table B.--Regional Income and Employment Data Tables Available from the Bureau of Economic Analysis
	II. Wages and Salaries
		Wages and Salaries in Industries Fully Covered by the UI Programs
			Adjustment for congressional staff wages
			Adjustment for tax misreporting
			Adjustments for wages and salaries that are excluded from the QCEW data
		Wages and Salaries in Industries Not Fully Covered by the State UI Programs
			Farms
			Farm labor contractors
			Private elementary and secondary schools
			Religious membership organizations
			Private households
			Railroads
			Military
		Alternative Measure of Wages
		Table C.--Wages and Salaries, by Industry, United States, 2016
		Table D.--Relation of BEA Wage and Salary to Wages as Published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, United States, 2016
	III. Supplements to Wages and Salaries
		Employer Contributions for Employee Pension and Insurance Funds
			Pension plans
				Defined benefit plans
				Defined contribution plans
			Insurance funds
				Group health insurance plans
				Group life insurance plans
				Supplemental unemployment benefit plans
				Privately administered workers’ compensation plans
		Employer Contributions for Government Social Insurance
			Contributions for OASDI and HI
			Contributions for unemployment insurance
				State unemployment insurance and federal unemployment tax funds
				Railroad employees’ unemployment insurance
				Federal employees’ unemployment insurance
			Contributions for railroad retirement
			Contributions for the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation
			Contributions for military medical insurance
			Contributions for veterans’ life insurance
			Contributions for federal workers’ compensation
			Contributions for state-administered workers’ compensation
			Contributions for state-administered temporary disability insurance
		Table E. -- Components of Supplements to Wages and Salaries, United States, 2016
	IV. Proprietors' Income
		Nonfarm Proprietors’ Income
			Income of nonfarm proprietorships and partnerships
			Income of nonfarm tax-exempt cooperatives
		Farm Proprietors’ Income
			Gross farm output
				Cash receipts from sale of agricultural products
				Federal government payments to farm operators
				Imputed and miscellaneous income received
				Value of the change in farm inventories
			Production expenses
				Depreciation
				Wages and salaries
				Fines
				Farm housing
				Livestock purchased
			Corporate farm income
		Table F.-- Proprietors' Income, by Industry, United States, 2016
	V. Dividends Interest and Rent
		Personal Dividend Income
			Imputed receipt of dividend income from pension plans
			Dividend income received from S corporations
			Other dividend income
		Personal Interest Income
			Monetary interest receipts
			Imputed interest receipts
				From employee pension plans
				From financial and insurance companies
		Rental Income of Persons
			Monetary rental income
				Monetary rental income from farms owned by nonoperator landlords
				Royalties
				Other monetary rental income
			Imputed rental income
				Mobile homes
				Permanent-site nonfarm dwellings
				Permanent-site farm dwellings
		Table G. -- Components of Property Income, United States, 2016
	VI. Personal Current Transfer Receipts
		Current Transfer Receipts of Individuals from Governments
			Retirement and disability insurance benefits
				Social Security benefits
				Railroad retirement and disability benefits
				Workers’ compensation
				Other government retirement and disability insurance benefits
			Medical benefits
				Medicare benefits
				Medicaid benefits
				Other medical care benefits
				Military medical insurance benefits
			Income maintenance benefits
				Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits
				Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)
				Supplemental Nutritional Assistance
				Other income maintenance benefits
				Unemployment insurance compensation
				Veterans’ benefits
				Education and training assistance
				Other transfer receipts of individuals from governments
		Current Transfer Receipts of Nonprofit Institutions
			Receipts from the federal government
			Receipts from state and local governments
			Receipts from businesses
		Current Transfer Receipts of Individuals from Businesses
			BP oil spill settlement receipts
			Other transfer receipts of individuals from businesses
		Table H.--Components of Personal Current Transfer Receipts, United States, 2016
	VII. Contributions for Government Social Insurance
		Employer Contributions for Government Social Insurance
		Employee and Self-employed Contributions for Government SocialInsurance
			Contributions for OASDI and HI
				Contributions by employees
				Contributions by the self-employed
			Contributions by employees for other government social insurance programs
				Contributions for railroad employee retirement insurance
				Contributions for state unemployment insurance and for temporary disability insurance
			Contributions for Supplementary Medical Insurance and for veterans’ life insurance
				Contributions for Supplementary Medical Insurance
				Contributions for veterans’ life insurance
		Table I.--Components of Contributions for Government Social Insurance, United States, 2016
	VIII. Residence Adjustment
		Net Residence Adjustment for Intercounty Commuting Flows
			Modifying the provisional estimates
		International Border Workers
			Inflows from and outflows to Canada and Mexico
			U.S. residents employed by certain foreign organizations
	IX. Personal current taxes
		Personal Current Taxes Paid to the Federal Government
			Individual income taxes (net of refunds)
			Income tax refunds
			Current taxes on income retained by fiduciaries
		Personal Current Taxes except Personal Property Taxes Paid to State Governments
			Individual income taxes
			Motor vehicle and operator license taxes
			Other license taxes
		Personal Current Taxes except Personal Property Taxes Paid to Local Governments
			Individual income taxes
			Motor vehicle and operator license taxes
			Miscellaneous taxes
		Personal Property Taxes Paid to State and Local Governments
		Table J.--Personal Income, Disposable Personal Income, and Personal Current Taxes, by Component, United States, 2016
	X. Quarterly Estimates of State Personal Income
		Revision Schedule for the Quarterly Estimates
		Control Totals for the Quarterly Estimates
			Control totals for the quarterly estimates of wages and salaries
			Control totals for the quarterly estimates of farm proprietors’ income
		Sources and Methods for Quarterly Personal Income by Component
			Wages and salaries
			Supplements to wages and salaries
			Farm proprietors’ income
			Nonfarm proprietors’ income
			Personal current transfer receipts
			Employee and self-employed contributions for government social insurance
			Dividends, interest, and rent
			Residence adjustment
			Population and per capita personal income
		Table K.--Preparation and Revision Schedule for Quarterly State Personal Income
	XI. Employment
		Introduction
			Employment estimates measure the number of jobs
			Treatment of part-time jobs
			Geography
			Temporal dimension
		Wage and Salary Employment
			Employment in industries covered by UI programs
				Adjustment for industry nonclassification
				Misreporting adjustment
				Geographic adjustments for government employment
			Employment in industries not covered by UI programs
				Farms
				Farm labor contractors
				Railroads
				Private elementary and secondary schools
				Religious organizations
				Private households
				Military
				Adjustments for noncovered segments of UI-covered industries
			Alternative measures of wage and salary employment
				Current Employment Statistics
				County Business Patterns
		Nonfarm Self-Employment
			National totals
				Sole proprietorships
				Partners
			State estimates
		Farm Self-Employment
			National and State Estimates (1969-2001)
			National and State Estimates (2002 forward)
		Table L. Relation of BEA Wage and Salary Employment and BLS Total Employment
	XII. Technical Notes
		Allocation Procedures
		Dual Allocation
		Disclosure-Avoidance Procedures
		Geocoding
		Imputation
		Interpolation and Extrapolation
			Table M. Wages and salaries in thousands of dollars
			Table N. Employment and average wages
			Table O. Average wages in dollars
			Table P. Employment and wage approximations
			Table Q. First approximations of wages for year 5
		NAICS Earnings and Employment by Industry, 1998-2000
			Reconstructed BLS data
			County Business Patterns data
			Balancing the 4-digit BLS reconstructed data
			Wage supplements
			Earnings and employment by place of work
	XIII. Appendix
		Concordance between BEA Line Codes and NAICS Industry Codes
		Concordance between BEA Line Codes and SIC Industry Codes
		BEA Regions
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

State Personal Income and Employment:
Concepts, Data Sources, and Statistical Methods

September 2017

Table of Contents

I. Introduction
A Brief History
Uses of the State Estimates
Place of Residence and Place of Measurement
Relation of Personal Income in the NIPA and in the State Personal Income
Accounts
Industrial Classification

Revisions to NAICS
Descriptions changed from NAICS 2002 to NAICS 2007:

Descriptions changed from NAICS 2007 to NAICS 2012:
Per Capita Personal Income
Farm Proprietors’ Income
Personal Income, Adjusted Gross Income, and Money Income
Employment
Sources of the Data
Preparation and Revision Schedule
Release and Publication Schedule
Tables
Resources on BEA’s website

Glossary
Mapping of regional statistics
Previously published estimates
Statistical area delineations

Table A. Relation of Personal Income in the NIPA and the State Personal Income
Accounts

Table B. Regional Income and Employment Data Tables Available from the Bureau
of Economic Analysis

II. Wages and Salaries
Wages and Salaries in Industries Fully Covered by the UI Programs

Adjustment for congressional staff wages
Adjustment for tax misreporting
Adjustment for wages and salaries that are excluded from the QCEW data

Wages and Salaries in Industries Not Fully Covered by State UI Programs
Farms
Farm labor contractors
Private elementary and secondary schools

Page 2

September 2017 STATE METHODOLOGY ii

II. Wages and Salaries (continued)
Religious membership organizations
Private households
Railroads
Military
Alternative Measure of Wages

Table C. Wages and Salaries, by Industry, United States, 2016
Table D. Relation of BEA Wages and Salaries to Wages as Published
by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2016

III. Supplements to Wages and Salaries
Employer Contributions for Employee Pension and Insurance Funds
Pension plans
Defined benefit plans
National estimates
State estimates
Defined contribution plans
National estimates
State estimates
Insurance funds
Group health insurance plans
National estimates
State estimates
Group life insurance plans
National estimates
State estimates
Supplemental unemployment benefit plans
National estimates
State estimates
Privately administered workers’ compensation plans
National estimates
State estimates
Employer Contributions for Government Social Insurance
Contributions for OASDI and HI
Contributions for unemployment insurance
State unemployment insurance and federal unemployment tax funds
Railroad employees’ unemployment insurance
Federal employees’ unemployment insurance
Contribution for railroad retirement
Contributions for Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation
Contributions for military medical insurance
Contributions for veterans’ life insurance
Contributions for federal workers’ compensation
Contributions for state-administered workers’ compensation
Contributions for state-administered temporary disability insurance

Page 61

VI. PERSONAL CURRENT TRANSFER RECEIPTS

Personal current transfer receipts are benefits received by persons for which no
current services are performed. They are payments by governments and businesses to
individuals and nonprofit institutions serving individuals (which are classified as persons
in the state personal income accounts).1 Transfer receipts accounted for 17.4 percent of
total personal income at the national level in 2016 (table H).
Estimates are prepared for approximately 50 subcomponents of transfer receipts.
The subcomponents are classified by source—government or business—and may also be
classified by recipient—individuals or nonprofit institutions serving individuals. In this
chapter, transfer receipts are presented in three major groups—receipts of individuals
from governments, receipts of nonprofit institutions serving individuals, and receipts of
individuals from businesses.
At the state level, approximately 95 percent of the estimates of transfer receipts
are derived from direct measures of the receipts. The proportion is lower for current
estimates and rises as more complete source data become available. Source data are
typically from the federal agency providing the benefits or administering the fund. For
some programs, data may be drawn from Census Bureau and other federal websites,
including the Department of Treasury’s USASpending.gov website, and the Census
Bureau’s State Government Finances, State and Local Government Finances. The
remaining 5 percent are allocations of national estimates in proportion either to data that
are related to the components or to the most relevant population series, e.g. household
population, which is total population minus those living in group quarters.
Most of the state estimates of transfer receipts are based on data for a calendar
year, but some of the estimates are based on data for fiscal years. When data for fiscal
years are used, the data for the two fiscal years that overlap the calendar year are
averaged with the appropriate weights to yield the data for the calendar year.
This chapter is organized according to the order of the presentation of the
components and subcomponents in table H. Each estimated item is briefly defined and
the preparation of the state estimates is described.


Current Transfer Receipts of Individuals from Governments

Current transfer receipts of individuals from governments accounted for 97.1
percent of total transfer receipts at the national level in 2016. The national estimates of
current transfer receipts of individuals from governments are generally based on source
data on government payments to the individual beneficiaries or to the vendors that
provide specified goods or services to the beneficiaries. Expenditures for administrative
costs are excluded. For federal programs, the data are typically drawn from the Treasury
Department’s Monthly Treasury Statement or from administrative reports of the federal
agencies that administer the programs. For programs partially funded by the federal
government but administered by state or local governments, the source data are typically

1 Transfer receipts from the rest of the world are netted against similar payments to the rest of the world,
and the net payments, called “personal transfer payments to rest of the world (net),” are recorded in the
National Income and Products Accounts as part of personal outlays.

Page 62

September 2017 STATE METHODOLOGY VI-2

drawn from reports by the responsible federal agencies, based on data reported by the
state or local government agencies. For programs administered and funded exclusively by
state and local governments, the source data are typically drawn from Census Bureau
publications, including State Government Finances.2

Retirement and disability insurance benefits
Retirement and disability insurance benefits accounted for 33.7 percent of total
transfer receipts at the national level in 2016.
Social Security benefits.— These are mainly monthly benefits received by
retired workers and their dependents, disabled workers and their dependents, and
survivors; and lump-sum benefits received by certain survivors. The state estimates are
based on Social Security Administration (SSA) calendar year tabulations of for each
category of monthly benefits.
Railroad retirement and disability benefits.— These benefits are received by
retired and disabled railroad employees and their survivors under the federal program of
retirement insurance for railroad employees, who are not covered by Social Security. The
state estimates of the benefits, beginning with 2011, are based on fiscal year data from
the Department of Treasury’s USASpending.gov website. For earlier years, estimates are
based on the Census Bureau’s discontinued Consolidated Federal Funds Report (CFFR).
Workers’ compensation.—This compensation is received by individuals with
employment-related injuries and illnesses and by the survivors of individuals who died of
employment-related causes. The compensation is from both federal and state government
administered funds.3

The state estimates of compensation received from the federal fund, which covers
only federal civilian employees, are based on fiscal year data from the Census Bureau’s
discontinued Consolidated Federal Funds Report (CFFR).

Compensation received by both public and private employees from state-
administered workers’ compensation funds consists of compensation received under
exclusively state-administered workers’ compensation insurance programs, compensation
received under state-administered insurance programs that compete with private
insurance programs, and compensation received under the state-administered programs
for second-injury funds.

The state estimates of workers’ compensation are derived from fiscal year data
from state workers’ compensation funds by the state of work from the Census Bureau’s
annual State Government Finances. These data are adjusted to a place-of-residence basis
by BEA.
Other government retirement and disability insurance benefits.—These
benefits consist of temporary disability benefits, black lung benefits, and benefits from
the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.


2 For detailed information on the methodology used to prepare the national estimates, see MP-5:
Government Transactions (September 2005). This publication is available on BEA’s Web site: Go to
www.bea.gov/national/pdf/mp5.pdf.
3 Privately administered workers’ compensation funds are treated differently. Employer contributions to
such funds are counted as a supplement to wages and salaries. Compensation received from the funds does
not appear anywhere in personal income.

Page 122

September 2017 STATE METHODOLOGY



6

Line BEA Industry Description SIC Code
0865 Museums, botanical, zoological gardens 84
0870 Membership organizations 86
0875 Engineering and management services 87
0880 Miscellaneous services 89
0900 Government and government enterprises …
0910 Federal, civilian …
0920 Military …
0930 State and local …
0931 State government …
0932 Local government …


* In Tables SA05, SA06, and SA07 farm has a line code of 0081 and nonfarm has a line
code of 0082. In Tables SA25 and SA27 farm has a line code of 0070 and nonfarm has a
line code of 0080.

Page 123

September 2017 Appendix



7



BEA Regions

State State
FIPS Region FIPS Region
code State or Region name Abbreviation code code State or Region name Abbreviation code

New England Region NENG 1 Southwest Region SWST 6
09 Connecticut CT 1 04 Arizona AZ 6
23 Maine ME 1 35 New Mexico NM 6
25 Massachusetts MA 1 40 Oklahoma OK 6
33 New Hampshire NH 1 48 Texas TX 6
44 Rhode Island RI 1
50 Vermont VT 1 Rocky Mountain Region RKMT 7
08 Colorado CO 7
Mideast Region MEST 2 16 Idaho ID 7
10 Delaware DE 2 30 Montana MT 7
11 District of Columbia DC 2 49 Utah UT 7
24 Maryland MD 2 56 Wyoming WY 7
34 New Jersey NJ 2
36 New York NY 2 Far West Region FWST 8
42 Pennsylvania PA 2 02 Alaska AK 8
06 California CA 8
Great Lakes Region GLAK 3 15 Hawaii HI 8
17 Illinois IL 3 32 Nevada NV 8
18 Indiana IN 3 41 Oregon OR 8
26 Michigan MI 3 53 Washington WA 8
39 Ohio OH 3
55 Wisconsin WI 3


Plains Region PLNS 4
19 Iowa IA 4
20 Kansas KS 4
27 Minnesota MN 4
29 Missouri MO 4
31 Nebraska NE 4
38 North Dakota ND 4
46 South Dakota SD 4


Southeast Region SEST 5
01 Alabama AL 5
05 Arkansas AR 5
12 Florida FL 5
13 Georgia GA 5
21 Kentucky KY 5
22 Louisiana LA 5
28 Mississippi MS 5
37 North Carolina NC 5
45 South Carolina SC 5
47 Tennessee TN 5
51 Virginia VA 5
54 West Virginia WV 5

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