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TitleSpirituality as a Component of Transformational Leadership Among
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Page 2



A Dissertation



December 2012



Jim Killacky, Ed. D.

Chair, Dissertation Committee

Director, Doctoral Program in Educational Leadership


William Gummerson, Ph. D.

Member, Dissertation Committee


Chris Osmond, Ph. D.

Member, Dissertation Committee


Edelma D. Huntley, Ph.D.

Dean, Research and Graduate Studies

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analytical interpretations to support trustworthiness of any inferences made. By obtaining

data through three distinct data collection events, pre-participant selection surveys, meeting

observations, and participant interviews, multiple viewpoints from which to observe the

leadership process were available and the validity and trustworthiness of the study were


Schram (2006) provides practical considerations for the trustworthiness of a study

through three steps: consequences of presence, selective experience, and engaged subjectivity

(p.133). Consequences of presence refers

setting and how the researcher is able to establish the integrity of the work. Discernment of

what data are relevant and worthy of inclusion in findings describes the process of selective

experience. Engaged subjectivity

subjectivity on the study and its findings. These three steps were addressed by being open

and honest with study participants, initially collecting as much data as possible through

digital recordings and detailed notes, and conducting multiple reviews of the data during the

coding process.

ons throughout the study supported the integrity of the

work and strengthened interpretations. Validity, trustworthiness, and integrity are not terms

to be considered at one or two points in the study but are concepts which must define the

manner in which the work is conducted. Posing the same questions in a consistent manner

facilitated the collection of usable and suitable data. Taking care to triangulate analysis of

data and citing specific details of observations and statements made by participants

reinforced the soundness of inferences made. Applying consistency in coding data, rereading

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transcripts, and revisiting any potential researcher bias added to the trustworthiness of the

study and occurred throughout the analysis process.


Researchers should choose methods and design procedures appropriate to the study

questions (Denzin & Lincoln, 2005; Glesne, 2011). A qualitative approach is appropriate for

the purpose of studying the relationship between spirituality and transformational leadership

among North Carolina community college presidents. By conducting a well-designed

ethically grounded interpretive study, data which can add to our knowledge of the

spirituality/leadership dynamic was obtained. The next section of this work is designed to

introduce the data within emergent themes and subthemes.

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Appendix I: Observation and Interview Consent Form

I agree to participate in a dissertation research project concerning spirituality and

transformational leadership being conducted by Wayne C. Matthews, a doctoral student in

the Educational Leadership Program at Appalachian State University. This study is scheduled

for the spring of 2012 and will include the observation of meetings, audio recording, and

transcriptions of recordings for use in a dissertation and possible future publication by

Wayne C. Matthews. I understand that topics of spirituality and transformational leadership

may be slightly difficult to discuss and therefore participation in the project is totally

voluntary, and that I may end my participation in the project at any time.

I give Wayne C. Matthews ownership of the recordings and transcripts from observations and

understand that quotes and information may be published with identifying material altered to

protect my privacy.

I understand that if I have questions regarding this research project, I may call Wayne C.

Matthews at (336) 468-7817 or [email protected] I am aware that I may also contact

-7981 or

[email protected]

___ I agree to participate in the dissertation research being conducted by Wayne C.


_________________________ __________________________

Name of Interviewer (printed) Name of Interviewee (printed)

_________________________ __________________________

Signature of Interviewer Signature of Interviewee

_________________________ _________________________

Date Date

mailto:[email protected]

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Biographical Information

Wayne Curtis Matthews was born February 21, 1957 in Winston-Salem, North

Carolina to Charles Wesley and Ruby Ruth Huie Matthews. Wayne grew up and continues

to reside in East Bend, NC. He is married to Loretta Thompson Matthews and they have two

children, Abby and Wes.

Wayne graduated from Forbush High School in 1975 and attended Appalachian State

University receiving a Bachelor of Science degree in 1980, majoring in biology. He earned a


in 1990 and an Educational Specialist degree from Appalachian State University in 2008.

Wayne has held a North Carolina Emergency Medical Technician credential since December

of 1979 and is also a Level I instructor.

During his career, Wayne has worked as a teacher in the Yadkin County school

system for two years and Stokes County school system for 12 years. In 1983, Wayne was

elected a member of the Yadkin County Rescue Squad where he continues to volunteer and

has served in a variety of leadership roles including the office of chief for six years. In

August of 1994, Wayne began working for Surry Community College as coordinator of

Yadkin County Programs. He assisted in the design and ultimate construction of the Yadkin

County Center of Surry Community College in Yadkinville, NC, where he currently serves

as director of the center.

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