Download Sophomore PSAT Student Training Packet PDF

TitleSophomore PSAT Student Training Packet
Author
LanguageEnglish
File Size4.3 MB
Total Pages118
Document Text Contents
Page 1

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the PSAT/NMQST?(
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Page 59

14

As used in line 6, “embraced” most nearly means
A) lovingly held.
B) readily adopted.
C) eagerly hugged.
D) reluctantly used.

15

The main purpose of the fifth paragraph (lines 45-56)
is to
A) develop a counterargument to the claim that

greed is good.
B) provide support for the idea that ethics is about

character.
C) describe a third approach to defining ethical

economics.
D) illustrate that one’s actions are a result of one’s

character.

16

As used in line 58, “clashes” most nearly means
A) conflicts.
B) mismatches.
C) collisions.
D) brawls.

17

Which choice best supports the author’s claim that
there is common ground shared by the different
approaches to ethics described in the passage?
A) Lines 11-12 (“There . . . decision”)
B) Lines 47-50 (“From . . . advertisements”)
C) Lines 59-64 (“Take . . . market”)
D) Lines 75-77 (“We . . . facts”)

18

The main idea of the final paragraph is that
A) human quirks make it difficult to predict

people’s ethical decisions accurately.
B) people universally react with disgust when faced

with economic injustice.
C) understanding human psychology may help to

define ethics in economics.
D) economists themselves will be responsible for

reforming the free market.

19

Data in the graph about per-pound coffee profits in
Tanzania most strongly support which of the
following statements?
A) Fair trade coffee consistently earned greater

profits than regular coffee earned.
B) The profits earned from regular coffee did not

fluctuate.
C) Fair trade coffee profits increased between 2004

and 2006.
D) Fair trade and regular coffee were earning equal

profits by 2008.

20

Data in the graph indicate that the greatest difference
between per-pound profits from fair trade coffee and
those from regular coffee occurred during which
period?
A) 2000 to 2002
B) 2002 to 2004
C) 2004 to 2005
D) 2006 to 2008

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21

Data in the graph provide most direct support for
which idea in the passage?
A) Acting on empathy can be counterproductive.
B) Ethical economics is defined by character.
C) Ethical economics is still possible.
D) People fear losses more than they hope for gains.

Questions 22-32 are based on the following
passages.

Passage 1 is adapted from Nicholas Carr, “Author
Nicholas Carr: The Web Shatters Focus, Rewires Brains.”
©2010 by Condé Nast. Passage 2 is from Steven Pinker,
“Mind over Mass Media.” ©2010 by The New York Times
Company.

Passage 1
The mental consequences of our online

info-crunching are not universally bad.
Certain cognitive skills are strengthened by our use
of computers and the Net. These tend to involve
more primitive mental functions, such as hand-eye
coordination, reflex response, and the processing of
visual cues. One much-cited study of video gaming
revealed that after just 10 days of playing action
games on computers, a group of young people had
significantly boosted the speed with which they could
shift their visual focus between various images and
tasks.

It’s likely that Web browsing also strengthens
brain functions related to fast-paced problem
solving, particularly when it requires spotting
patterns in a welter of data. A British study of the
way women search for medical information online
indicated that an experienced Internet user can, at
least in some cases, assess the trustworthiness and
probable value of a Web page in a matter of seconds.
The more we practice surfing and scanning, the more
adept our brain becomes at those tasks.

But it would be a serious mistake to look narrowly
at such benefits and conclude that the Web is making
us smarter. In a Science article published in early
2009, prominent developmental psychologist Patricia
Greenfield reviewed more than 40 studies of the
effects of various types of media on intelligence and
learning ability. She concluded that “every medium
develops some cognitive skills at the expense of
others.” Our growing use of the Net and other
screen-based technologies, she wrote, has led to the
“widespread and sophisticated development of
visual-spatial skills.” But those gains go hand in hand
with a weakening of our capacity for the kind of
“deep processing” that underpins “mindful
knowledge acquisition, inductive analysis, critical
thinking, imagination, and reflection.”

We know that the human brain is highly
plastic; neurons and synapses change as
circumstances change. When we adapt to a new
cultural phenomenon, including the use of a new

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31

Wyatt can husk at least 12 dozen ears of corn per
hour and at most 18 dozen ears of corn per hour.
Based on this information, what is a possible amount
of time, in hours, that it could take Wyatt to husk
72 dozen ears of corn?

32

The posted weight limit for a covered wooden bridge
in Pennsylvania is 6000 pounds. A delivery truck
that is carrying x identical boxes each weighing
14 pounds will pass over the bridge. If the combined
weight of the empty delivery truck and its driver is
4500 pounds, what is the maximum possible value
for x that will keep the combined weight of the
truck, driver, and boxes below the bridge’s posted
weight limit?

33

60
40
20

0

80

2006 2007 2008 2009
Year

Number of Portable Media Players
Sold Worldwide Each Year from 2006 to 2011

N
um

be
r s

ol
d

(m
ill

io
ns

)

2010 2011

100
120
140
160
180

According to the line graph above, the number of
portable media players sold in 2008 is what fraction
of the number sold in 2011 ?

34

A local television station sells time slots for programs
in 30-minute intervals. If the station operates
24 hours per day, every day of the week, what is the
total number of 30-minute time slots the station can
sell for Tuesday and Wednesday?

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35

8 yards

A dairy farmer uses a storage silo that is in the shape
of the right circular cylinder above. If the volume of
the silo is π72 cubic yards, what is the diameter of
the base of the cylinder, in yards?

36

h x
x x

( ) =
1

( − 5) + 4( − 5) + 42

For what value of x is the function h above
undefined?


Questions 37 and 38 refer to the following
information.

Jessica opened a bank account that earns 2 percent
interest compounded annually. Her initial deposit was
$100, and she uses the expression x$100( )t to find the
value of the account after t years.

37

What is the value of x in the expression?

38

Jessica’s friend Tyshaun found an account that earns
2.5 percent interest compounded annually. Tyshaun
made an initial deposit of $100 into this account at
the same time Jessica made a deposit of $100 into her
account. After 10 years, how much more money will
Tyshaun’s initial deposit have earned than Jessica’s
initial deposit? (Round your answer to the nearest
cent and ignore the dollar sign when gridding your
response.)



STOP
If you finish before time is called, you may check your work on this section only.

Do not turn to any other section.

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