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UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO

LIBRARY

purchased from the

FORD FOUNDATION GRANT

far

EAST EUROPEAN STUDIES

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220

JloBejieno y Besy c napjiaMeHiapHHM peJKHMOM, npaBO Oyj^ercKor

o/tCai^HBaaa oOjamibyje ce caMO hojihth^kh a He h npaBHO. C
iipaBHor rjieflHiiiTa ocTaje yBGK OTBopeno nHTaite, KaKO napjiaMem

MOTRe je;tHOM cbojom pesojiyi^njoM yHHHHTHHenoryhnHM HSBpnieme

H3BecHHX saKOHa. HsBecne nanjiaxe h ncnjiaie nape^ene cy BJia^n

caMHM 3aK0H0M. KaKO napjiaMGHT Moace ;i.ohH na pehH, ;i;a oh ne

;i;onymTa jta ce le Hanjiaie h HcnjiaTe yHHHe? Sap ce oh Moace cbojhm
je;i;HOCTpaHHM aKXOMy3/i,HhH HSHa^ saKona? Ajih Tpe6a noByhn OBy
pa3JiHKy. HapjiaMeHT He peuiasa jib, ce xe 3aK0HCKe nanjiaxe h hc-
HJiaTC y oiiiuTe ne cMejy hhhhth. Oh pemana caMO tojihko ;i;a h>hx
je;pia H3BecHa BJia^a ne CMe hhhhth. IberoBO pemeHie nnje ynpan-

JBCHO npoTHBy THX saKOHCKHX no3HH,HJa Kao xaKBHx: napjiaMCHT

H)Hx He jKum. IberoBO je pemeH>e ynpaajLeno npoxHBy BJia;i;e Koja
Hx npe^a/Ke. IlapjiaMeHX Hehe xe npcAJiore cneH,HajiH0 o;t xe BJia;te
^a npHMH. Oh xe npe/tJiore ne o;i;6aHyje; oh caMO o;i;ra^a CBOJe pe-
meae jiOTJie j{OKJie ce BJia^a ne npoMeHH. Ako napjiaMenx h ho Oh
HMao npana ;i,a cbojhm pe.30jiyH,HJaMa oCycxaBJba 3aK0He, oh HMa
npana ;i;a H36epe momchx, Kaji; he ;i;oHexH CBOje pemeibe o ohhm npe;i;-
ji03HMa KOJH ce npe;i;a H) H3Hoce. 36or xora, /taKJie, uixo o;];6an;HBaH>e

6yi^exa HHJe KOHanno Beh npHEpeMeno, ne Moace ce ysexH ^a tom
MepoM napjiaMCHx ;tojia3H y cyKo6 c ohhm saKOHHMa kojh Kpo3
6yijex HMajy ;i;a ce H3Bpnie.

y HCMaHKOJMtpjKaBHO-npaBHOj KH>H>KeBHocxH. oji Hapo^fflxor
cy 3HaHaja JIa6aHji;oBe xeopnje o 6yijexy. Jladand nojiasH o/i; xora
;i;a 6y]jex HHJe 3aK0H y MaxepHajiHOM cMHCJiy nero y (J)opMajfflOM;
no CBOjoj cajtpsKHHH, xo je aKx (|)HHaHCH.jcKe ynpaBe kojh ce
o6jia^H y (|)opMy saKona caMO c xora. m6h ce ocxBapHJia o;iro-
BopHOcx (|)HHaHCHJcKe ynpaBe npe^ napjiaMenxoM. 0;io6paBajyhH
6y]jex, napjiaMCHx yqecxnyje y je;piOM ynpaBHOM aKxy; cjie;i-
cxBCHO, Be3aH je ncxo onaKo 3aK0H0M Kao h ynpaua: ne mck*^
na np. o;t6ai;HXH npHxc^e h pacxo;te kojh cy npejiBH^CHH saKO-
HOM. Ha cjiy^aj ;i;a napjiaMenx ne o^oCpn 6yyex, cbh 3aK0HCKH
npHxoj^H, OM. CBH saKOHCKHpacxojtH, Mory ce nnaK saxo npn-
KynjLaxH, oj^n. hhhhxh. 36or ocKy;tHi^e napjiaMenxapnor o;io-
dpeaa ne xpe6a o6ycxaBHXH CBy (|)HHaHCHJcKy ynpany h ocxa-
BHXHHensBpuiene cbc saKone o jtpacaBHHM npHxojiHMa h pacxo-
;i,HMa. 3a Bpnieme saKona kojh nocxoje, ynpaBHOj B^xacxn nnjc
noxpeCno joni h napo^Hxo o;to6peH,e napjiaMCHxa nonpx OHor
0BJiamhen>a Koje ce y caMOM3aKony najiaan: xo njiaBH.xo Ba./i;ii
3a saKone o ApatannHM npHxojiHMa h pacxojpiMa Kao h 3a cse
;rpyre. Bhjio 6h ancyp/tno h npexnocxannxH, m, jipmaBa neMa
cxajiHHx, 3aK0H0M yxBpbcHHx npHxo;ta h pacxo^a; ^a ce H>eHH
npnxojpi H pacxojiji Mopajy o6HaBJbaxH CBaKe ro;tHHe Ko;t nap-

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jiaMenxa Kao «ro;i:HniH>a npernjiaxa)), h ji,a,, y HeAOCTaxKy o6hob-
jbeHor o;to6peH>a napjiaMenia, ;ipjKaBa ociaje h 6e3 npHxo/ia h
6e3 pacxo/ia. ^a jih je 3a Cyijer AoCHBeno o;i;o6peBE>e napjiaMenia,
TO je laKO pehH yHyTpamH>a CTsap BJia^e h napjiaMenia; to nexia
yTHi];aja na nynoBaajHOCT (J)HHaHCHJCKe ynpaBe, Koja, h 6e3 nap-
jiaMeHTOM OAoOpenor Cyijexa, xene h ;i.ajBe cbojhm HopMajmHM
TOKOM. He caMO ^a ce saKoncKH npHxojui Mory h ;i,ajLe npHKvn-
jbaTH, a saKOHCKHpacxoAH h jiajbe hhhhth, Hero ce inTa BHine
MOry ^IHHHTH H TaKBH paCXO;p KOJH HHCy Iipe;tBH^eHH HHKaKBHM
3aK0H0M, ajiH Hx y ;i;aHOM TpenyTKy Hmxy xhthh ;;pa?aBHH HHTe-
pecH: XHTHe ;ipacaBHe HHTepece Bjia^a je jtyaena saAOBOJLHXH, ii
He ^eKajyhH na OAoCpeae napjianeHTa. Y oimiTe, napjiaMen-
TapHO OAoCpeae CyijeTa 3Ha^ffl caMO to, ;ta napjiaMCHT ynanpe/t
H3JaBJi>yje ^a nehe BJia;iy y3HMaTH na o/troBop 3a pacxojie ynn-
aene no CyijeTy. Epena TOMe, 3a pacxo;te y^Hftene no je;tHOM
Oyijeiy kojh napjiaMeHT HHJe o^oSpHo, napjianeHT HMa Moryh-
HOCTH ;i;a y3Me BJia;iy na o;troBop, Tj. Mome TpaiKHTH oj[ ae ;ta
My HaKHa;ipo ;tOKa^e anxoBy saKOHHTOCT, om. i];ejiHcxo;tHOCT.
Ako BJia;ta y TOMeycne, HCMaHHKaKBeCMeTae ;ta o;;o6peH>e nap-
laMCHTa H HaKHa;yio AoCnje. Pacxojpi Koje je Bjia;ia HUHHjia 6e3
napjianeHTapHO OAoCpenor oyijexa, ajm na ocHOBy 3aK0Ha, hjih
pajp 3a;i;0B0JbeH>a xhthhx ^psKaBHHx HHTepeca, nncy neniTo saKo-
HOM3a6paH)eHo; anxoBa je CBa HenpaBHjmocT y TOMe hito hx je
BJiajta y^mHHjia npe nero je napjianeHT na h>hx npHcxao. C Tora
je jtOBOJbHO ;i;a napjiaMeHT Ma h Ha,KHa;pio npHCTane, na ^a cne
Ao^e oneT y CBOJ pe;^. J^a jm he napjiaMeHT o;to6pHTH HSBecne
pacxo;i;e npe Hero ce, hjih hohito ce y^mne, cacBHM je CBeje;ipo,
Ka/t OH Hajia3H ^a hx Tpe6a o;to6pHTH. H3 OBora H3HJia3H Taj
Baacan saKJbyHaK, ^a ce Mome BjiajtaTH h 6e3 napjiaMenTapno
o;to6peHor 6yi?eTa, hoa ycjiOBOM ^a ce OAo6peH>e napjiaMCHTa na-
KHa;pio ;;oOHJe, —h ;ia yBO^eae y /Khbot je;iHor oyyexa. iipe
Hero ra napjiaMeHT oj^odpn, nnje caMO co6om 3a6paH>eHa h Kaac-
HjHBa CTBap. TaKaB je;taH dyijer cna;;a y pe;i ohhx ynpaBHiix
aicaTa KOJe cy h>hxobh y^HHHonp 6hjih noTnyno OB^xamhenn y^H-
HHXH, a.xH 3a Koje cy ^y^vBH jia, naKnajpio xpaHce pa3pemHHuy
oji cxapHJe BJiacxH.

JIa6aH;;oBa xeopnja MOiKe 6hxh xanna cnei];HajiHO 3a neMa^Ke
;ipa?aBe, npcMa HHJeM je no3HXHBHOM3aKOHo;i.aBCXBy h Hann-
iteHa, ajiH Kao jejtna onmxa xeopnja o Cyijexy, KOJa BaacH 3a CBe
ApsKaBe r;i;e nocxoJH 6yijexcK0 npano napjiaMenxa, JIa6aH;i;oBa
xeopnja H3a3HBa OBe iipHMe;i,6e, He MO^Ke ce xbp;i;hxh j^a, yBO-
^eae y khbox jejnior 6yi?exa kojh napjiaMenx nnje o;i;o6pHO, HHJe
caMO co6oM 3a6paH>eHa cxBap. TaKBHM jejpiHM aKxoM Bpei^a ce
ycxaBHO npaBO napjiaMenxa mpemaBa o 6yvexy npe nero ce osaj
yBe;te y hchbox; Bpe^aae xor ycxaBHor npana napjiaMenxa sa-
6paH>eH0 je BJiajtn hcxo xaKO Kao h rasKeite ycxana y omnxe.
HpcMa xoMe nnje ^obojlho jia BJia;ta ;ionHHJe /tOKasKe 3aK0HH-
xocx, o;qi. n;ejiHcxo;iHocx pacxo;i,a Koje je HHHHJia. na m ojiMax

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