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Page 101

COGNITIVE AND PERSONALITY FUNCTIONING 101






social problems. The Comprehension subtest has been shown to have an overall average

internal consistency reliability of .81 and a .82 stability coefficient (Wechsler, 2003b).

Information.

The Information subtest measures the child’s general fund of knowledge by

asking questions about general knowledge topics. The Information subtest has an overall

average internal consistency reliability of .86 and a .89 stability coefficient (Wechsler,

2003b).

Word Reasoning.

The Word Reasoning subtest measures the child’s ability to use analogical

reasoning, verbal abstraction, and to integrate and synthesize information by asking the

child to identify the concept that is present in a series of clues. The Word Reasoning

subtest has an overall average internal consistency reliability of .80 and a .82 stability

coefficient (Wechsler, 2003b).

Perceptual Reasoning Index.

The Perceptual Reasoning Index (PRI) is a measure of a child’s fluid reasoning,

visual-spatial processing, and visual-spatial concept formation (Wechsler, 2003b). The

core subtests that comprise the PRI include Block Design, Picture Concepts, and Matrix

Reasoning. The Picture Completion subtest is supplemental and may be administered to

acquire more information about the child or to substitute for the core subtests in the event

of an invalid administration. The PRI has been shown to have an overall average internal

consistency reliability of .92 and a .89 stability coefficient (Wechsler, 2003b).

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COGNITIVE AND PERSONALITY FUNCTIONING 202





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Wechsler, D. (2003b). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children – Fourth Edition:

Technical and interpretive manual. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological

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