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TitleRocket Spanish Beginners Grammar
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Rocket Spanish version 1.01

© Copyright 2005 by Libros Media Ltd. All rights reserved.

No part of this book may be reproduced in any form, by photostat, microfilm,
xerography, or any other means, or incorporated into any information retrieval
system, electronic or mechanical, without the written permission of Libros Media
Ltd; exceptions are made for brief excerpts used in published reviews.

Published by
Libros Media Ltd

Level 2 – 107 Cashel Street, Christchurch, 8001, New Zealand

This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information
with regard to the subject matter covered. It is sold with the understanding that
the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional
advice. If legal advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a com-
petent professional should be sought.

– From a Declaration of Principles jointly adopted by a Committee of the American
Bar Association and a Committee of Publishers and associations.

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Por ejemplo:

1. ¿Cuáles zapatos quieres comprar?
-Which shoes do you want to buy?
Quiero comprar ésos.
- I want to buy those.



2. ¿Cuál es tu carro?
- Which is your car?
Aquél es mío.
- That one over there is mine.

3. ¿De quién son estos guantes?
- Whose are these gloves?
Éstos son míos.
- These are mine.

A Note of Caution: Accent Marks

As mentioned before, accent marks are very important in Spanish, because a misplaced or
missing accent mark can completely change the meaning of a word. For example, think
of the words:

esta ésta está

The first (esta) is an adjective that means “this ____”

The second (ésta) is a pronoun that means “this.”

The third (está) is a verb that means “is.”

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4.6 Review

I. Section Summary

After completing this section, you should know the following:

 The difference between direct and indirect objects

 How to form direct and indirect object pronouns in Spanish

 How to identify a prepositional pronoun

 How to form a prepositional pronoun in Spanish

 How to point out this one, that one, or that one over there.

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over there allá
prepositional pronoun: me mí
same mismo, igual
she ella
short (height) bajo
short (length) corto
small pequeño
some, any algún, alguno/a
some, few unos, unas
still, yet todavía
that (adjective) ese / esos / esa / esas
that (noun) ése / ésos / ésa / ésas
that, which, who, than que
the el, la, los, las
themselves, yourselves (Uds) se
then entonces
there allí
they (all male or mixed gender) ellos
they (female) ellas
this (adjective) este / estos / esta / estas
this (noun) éste / éstos / ésta / éstas
through, for, along, by por
to be (health, location, feelings) estar
to be (permanent characteristic) ser
to be able to, can, may poder
to be pleasing to (like) gustar
to call llamar
to come venir
to do hacer
to drink tomar
to find encontrar
to give dar
to go ir
to have (only as a “helping” verb) haber
to help ayudar
to know (a person, place, or thing) conocer
to know (knowledge, an idea) saber
to live vivir
to look mirar
to make hacer
to mean (to signify) significar
to read leer
to say decir
to see ver
to seem parecer
to take tomar
to use usar
to want querer
to watch mirar
to, to the (masculine singular) a, al
too también
two dos
under bajo
very muy

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we nosotros/as
well bien
what? ¿qué?
when cuando
when? ¿cuándo?
where donde
where? ¿dónde?
which cual (el, la)
which ones? ¿cuáles?
which? ¿cuál?
who, whom quien, quienes
who? ¿quién? ¿quiénes?
why? ¿por qué?
with con
without sin
year año (el)
yes sí
you (familiar plural, used in Spain) vosotros
you (familiar singular) tú
you (polite plural) ustedes (Uds.)
you (polite singular) usted (Ud.)
your (tú) tu, tus
your (vosotros) vuestro, vuestros
yours (tú) tuyo
yourself (tú) te
yourselves (vosotros) os

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