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TitleRevised and New Draft Conventions for the Protection of War Victims
LanguageEnglish
File Size5.8 MB
Total Pages173
Table of Contents
                            COVER PAGE
[Book Plate: Colonel Howard S. Levie Collection]
TITLE PAGE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
REVISION OF THE GENEVA CONVENTION OF JULY 27, 1929, FOR THE RELIEF OF THE WOUNDED AND SICK IN ARMIES IN THE FIELD
	CHAPTER I - General Provisions
	CHAPTER II - Wounded and Sick
	CHAPTER III - Medical Units and Establishments
	CHAPTER IV - Personnel
	CHAPTER V - Buildings and Material
	CHAPTER VI - Medical Transports
	CHAPTER VII - The Distinctive Emblem
	CHAPTER VIII - Execution of the Convention
	CHAPTER IX - Repression of Abuses and Infractions
	FINAL PROVISIONS
	RESERVATIONS
STIPULATIONS FOR INSERTION IN THE FINAL ACT OF THE FUTURE DIPLOMATIC CONFERENCE
REVISION OF THE TENTH HAGUE CONVENTION OF OCTOBER 18, 1907 FOR THE ADAPTATION TO MARITIME WARFARE OF THE PRINCIPLES OF THE GENEVA CONVENTION OF 1906
	CHAPTER I - General Provisions
	CHAPTER II - Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
	CHAPTER II - Hospital Ships
	CHAPTER IV - Personnel
	CHAPTER V - Material
	CHAPTER VI - Medical Transports
	CHAPTER VII - The Distinctive Emblem
	CHAPTER VIII - Execution of the Convention
	CHAPTER IX - Repression of Abuses and Infractions
	FINAL PROVISIONS
REVISION OF THE CONVENTION CONCLUDED AT GENEVA ON JULY 27, 1929, RELATIVE TO THE TREATMENT OF PRISONERS OF WAR
	PART I - General Provisions
	PART II - General Protection of Prisoners of War
	PART III - Captivity
		Section I - Beginning of Captivity
		Section II - Internment of Prisoners of War
			Chapter 1 - General Observations
			Chapter 2 - Quarters, Food and Clothing of Prisoners of War
			Chapter 3 - Hygiene and Medical Attention
			Chapter 4 - Religion, Intellectual and Physical Activities
			Chapter 5 - Discipline
			Chapter 6 - Rank of Prisoners of War
		Section III - Labour of Prisoners of War
		Section IV - Financial Resources of Prisoners of War
		Section V - External Relations of Prisoners of War
		Section VI - Relations of Prisoners of War with the Authorities
			Chapter 1 - Complaints of Prisoners of War respecting the conditions of captivity
			Chapter 2 - Representatives of Prisoners of War
			Chapter 3 - Penal and Disciplinary Sanctions
	PART IV - Termination of Captivity
		Section I - Direct Repatriation and Accommodation in a Neutral Country
		Section II - Release and Repatriation of Prisoners of War upon cessation of hostilities
		Section III - Death of Prisoners of War
	PART V - Information Bureaux and Relief Societies for Prisoners of War
	PART VI - Execution of the Convention
		Section I - General Provisions
		Section II - Final Provisions
	RESERVATIONS
	ANNEX I - DRAFT MODEL AGREEMENT CONCERNING DIRECT REPATRIATION AND ACCOMMODATION IN NEUTRAL COUNTRIES OF WOUNDED AND SICK PRISONERS OF WAR
		CHAPTER I - Principles for Direct Repatriation and Accommodation
		CHAPTER II - General Observations
	ANNEX II - DRAFT REGULATIONS CONCERNING MIXED MEDICAL COMMISSIONS
	ANNEX III - DRAFT REGULATIONS CONCERNING COLLECTIVE RELIEF
CONVENTION FOR THE PROTECTION OF CIVILIAN PERSONS IN TIME OF WAR
	PREAMBLE
	PART I - General Provisions
	PART II - General Protection of Populations against certain Consequences of War
	PART III - Status and Treatment of Protected Persons
		Section I - Provisions common to the Territories of the Parties to the conflict, and to Occupied Territories
		Section II - Aliens in the Territory of a Party to the conflict
		Section III - Occupied Territories
		Section IV - Regulations for the Treatment of Internees
			Chapter 1 - General Provisions
			Chapter 2 - Places of Internment
			Chapter 3 - Food and Clothing
			Chapter 4 - Hygiene and Medical Attention
			Chapter 5 - Religion, Intellectual and Physical Activities
			Chapter 6 - Personal Property and Financial Resources
			Chapter 7 - Administration and Discipline
			Chapter 8 - Relations with the Exterior
			Chapter 9 - Penal and Disciplinary Sanctions
			Chapter 10 - Transfers of Internees
			Chapter 11 - Deaths
			Chapter 12 - Release, Repatriation and Accommodation in Neutral Countries
		Section V - Information Bureaux and Central Agency
	PART IV - Execution of the Convention
	FINAL PROVISIONS
	RESERVATIONS
	ANNEX A - DRAFT AGREEMENT RELATING TO HOSPITAL AND SAFETY ZONES AND LOCALITIES
	ANNEX B - DRAFT REGULATIONS CONCERNING COLLECTIVE RELIEF
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS


Revised and New Draft

Conventions for the Protection

of W ar Victims

TEXTS APPROVED AND AMENDED


BY THE


XVIItb INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS CONFERENCE


+

(ReI/ideo TranAation)

GENEVA

1948

Page 2

Colonel Howard S. Levie

Collection


The Judge Advocate General 's

Legal Center and School


United States Army

Charlottesville, Virginia

Page 86

Execution of
penalties

1. Time limits
for execution

II. Premises
for disciplinary

punishments

III. Essential
safeguards

officer having disciplinary powers in his capacity as camp com­
mandant, or by a responsible officer who replaces him or to whom
he has delegated his disciplinary powers.

The decision shall be made in the presence of the accused
prisoner of war and of the spokesman. The accused shall be able
to use his means of defence.

ARTICLE 87

The period elapsing between the pronouncing of a disciplinary
penalty and its execution shall not exceed one month.

When a prisoner of war is sentenced to a further disciplinary
penalty, a period of three days at least shall elapse between the
execution of any two of the punishments, if the duration of one
of these is ten days or more.

ARTICLE 88

Prisoners of war shall not in any case be transferred to
penitentiary establishments (prisons, penitentiaries, convict pri ­
sons, etc.) to undergo disciplinary punishments therein.

The premises in which disciplinary punishments are under­
gone shall conform to sanitary requirements; they shall in parti ­
cular be provided with adequate bedding. Prisoners of war
undergoing punishment shall be enabled to keep themselves in
a state of cleanliness.

Prisoners of war given disciplinary punishment may not be
deprived of the prerogatives attaching to their rank. In particu­
lar, officers and persons of equivalent status shall not be lodged
in the same quarters as non-commissioned officers or men.

ARTICLE 89

Prisoners of war given disciplinary punishment shall be
allowed to exercise and to stay in the open air at least two hours
daily.

They shall be allowed, on their request, to be present at
the daily medical inspections.. They shall receive the attention
which their state of health requires and, if necessary, shall be
removed to the camp infirmary or to hospitals.

They shall have permission to read and write, likewise to send
and receive letters. Parcels and remittances of money, however,
may not be handed to them until the expiration of the sentence;
they shall meanwhile be handed to the spokesman, who will turn
over to the infirmary the perishable goods contained in such
parcels.

86

Page 87

No prisoner of war given a disciplinary punishment may be
deprived of the benefit of the provisions of Articles 68 and II6 of
the present Convention.

TIl. - Judicial Proceedings

ARTICLE 90

No prisoner of war may be punished for an act which IS not
expressly forbidden by the laws in force at the time the said act was
committed.

No moral or physical coercion may be exerted on a prisoner
of war in order to induce him to admit himself guilty of the act
of which he is accused.

No prisoner of war may be convicted without having had an
opportunity to present his defence and the assistance of quali ­
fied counsel. .

ARTICLE 9I

The prisoners of war and the Protecting Powers shall be
informed, as soon as possible, of the offences which are punish­
able by the death sentence under the laws of the Detaining
Power.

Other offences shall not thereafter be made punishable by the
death penalty without the concurrence of the Power upon which
the prisoners of war depend.

The death sentence can not be pronounced against a prisoner
of war unless the attention of the court has, in accordance with
Article 77, paragraph 2, been particularly called to the fact that
the accused, not being a national of the Detaining Power, is not
bound to it by any duty of allegiance, and that he is in its power
as the result of circumstances independent of his own will.

ARTICLE 92

A sentence cannot be validly rendered against a prisoner
of war unless it has been pronounced by the same courts and
according to the same procedure as in the case of members of the
armed forces of the Detaining Power, and unless furthermore
the provisions of the present Chapter have been observed.

General
observations
I. General

principles


II. Death
penalty

Procedure
I. Conditions
for validity
of sentences

Page 173

- --- ---

JX 5136 .A43 1948 c.1
ICRC.
Revised and New Draft
conventions··iL48~O ­
LEVIE CO 'Ee'11 N

The Judge Advocate General's

Legal Center and School


United States Army


600 Massie Road


Charlottesville, VA 22903-1781


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