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which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product.

1

CLEP Psychology
Practice Test

Time—90 Minutes For each question below, choose the best answer from the
100 Questions choices given.

1. Psychologists who are interested in behavioral
similarities and differences between
species are

(A) biological psychologists
(B) experimental psychologists
(C) comparative psychologists
(D) animal psychologists
(E) physiological psychologists

2. Employee morale and staff cooperation would be
the concern of a(n)

(A) clinical psychologist
(B) forensic psychologist
(C) social psychologist
(D) industrial and organizational psychologist
(E) business psychologist

3. To determine if people are coming to a full stop
at an intersection with a new stop sign, the best
research method would be a(n)

(A) naturalistic observation
(B) experiment
(C) case study
(D) correlation
(E) survey

4. If a researcher wished to determine whether heat
causes an increase in aggression, the best ap-
proach would be to

(A) observe people in a public park on hot and
cold days

(B) compare and cross-reference weather
reports with crime statistics

(C) recruit participants, put half in a cold room
and half in a hot room, and observe their
behavior

(D) compare crime rates in countries that are
warm and cool

(E) ask people if they feel irritable and prone to
aggression in the hot weather

5. In an experiment, subjects given various amounts
of alcohol drive a course marked by orange
pylons. The independent variable in this experi-
ment is the

(A) various amounts of alcohol
(B) subjects’ driving ability before alcohol

consumption
(C) subjects’ driving ability after alcohol

consumption
(D) the number of orange pylons hit
(E) speed through the obstacle course

6. Scientists use replication in order to

(A) increase validity
(B) increase research grants
(C) show cause and effect
(D) become more confident about their conclu-

sions across a variety of situations
(E) satisfy ethics requirements

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CLEP is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board,
which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product.

2

CLEP PSYCHOLOGY PRACTICE TEST

7. The psychological perspective that includes the
assumption that people are often unaware of the
real motives behind their behavior is

(A) psychoanalysis
(B) trait theory
(C) behaviorism
(D) cognitive psychology
(E) humanistic psychology

8. The theorist who claimed that he could make any
dozen healthy babies into anything he wished
through conditioning was

(A) Wilhelm Wundt
(B) Sigmund Freud
(C) Carl Rogers
(D) B. F. Skinner
(E) John Watson

9. The primary job of most brain cells is

(A) transmitting messages
(B) picking up sensations from the environment
(C) thinking and reasoning
(D) providing the brain with nutrients
(E) maintaining homeostasis

10. The neuron’s “senders” are the

(A) myelin sheaths
(B) dendrites
(C) axon terminal buttons
(D) pons
(E) receptor sites

11. Activity within a cell is _____; activity between
cells is _______.

(A) positive, negative
(B) electrical, chemical
(C) chemical, electrical
(D) electrical, electrical
(E) chemical, chemical

12. The spinal cord is part of the

(A) peripheral nervous system
(B) cerebellum
(C) central nervous system
(D) reticular activating system
(E) parasympathetic system

13. The brain’s relay station, which receives incom-
ing sensory messages and passes
them on to the cerebral cortex, is the

(A) corpus callosum
(B) hypothalamus
(C) limbic system
(D) thalamus
(E) basal ganglia

14. The part of the brain chiefly responsible for
emotion is the

(A) limbic system
(B) reticular activating system
(C) thalamus
(D) corpus callosum
(E) hippocampus

15. The sympathetic division of the autonomic
nervous system is MOST likely to
be activated when you are

(A) sleeping
(B) frightened
(C) studying
(D) talking to a good friend
(E) dreaming

16. The association area of the cortex, which seems
to play a role in planning and
problem solving, is located in the
(A) amygdala
(B) frontal lobes
(C) temporal lobes
(D) occipital lobes
(E) parietal lobes

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CLEP PSYCHOLOGY PRACTICE TEST

43. Being aware of the sound presently being made
in this room is an example of

(A) recall
(B) sensory memory
(C) retroactive interference
(D) flashbulb memory
(E) short-term memory

44. Ishmael wishes to remember the phone number
of an attractive woman he just met. The MOST
likely strategy he will use is

(A) mnemonics
(B) semantics
(C) relearning
(D) rehearsal
(E) recall

45. A “fill in the blank” type of examination would
usually measure

(A) explicit memory
(B) recognition
(C) relearning
(D) recall
(E) chunking

46. If you memorize the letters FBIKEGUCLA as
FBI-KEG-UCLA, you have used a
technique known as

(A) chunking
(B) recognition
(C) relearning
(D) encoding visual characteristic
(E) RNA

47. The basic sounds of a language are called

(A) morphemes
(B) semantics
(C) syntax
(D) vocabulary
(E) phonemes

48. The speech sounds made by infants

(A) are specific to the language of their culture
(B) represent sounds from two or three different

languages
(C) include speech sounds used in virtually all

languages
(D) are unrelated to eventual language develop-

ment
(E) are different from those used in any lan-

guage

49. In the Stanford-Binet test, IQ is defined as

(A) ability to learn and adapt
(B) MA/CA x 100
(C) CA/MA x 100
(D) the sum of the verbal and non-verbal scales
(E) the person’s mental age

50. Studies of identical twins do not provide conclu-
sive evidence of the effect of genetics on intelli-
gence, because

(A) identical twins reared apart are usually
selectively placed in environments that are
as similar as possible

(B) the studies are too few in number to be
conclusive

(C) identical twins reared together do not share
exactly the same environment

(D) the twins who are subjects in such studies
typically have not been separated soon
enough to rule out environmental effects

(E) identical twins share only about 75 percent
of the same genes

51. If a test measures what it is intended to measure,
it has

(A) objectivity
(B) reliability
(C) replicability
(D) validity
(E) standardization

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CLEP PSYCHOLOGY PRACTICE TEST

52. An emotion is comprised of all of the following
EXCEPT

(A) changes in physiology
(B) cognitive awareness
(C) possible changes in feeling
(D) goal-directed behavior
(E) All of the choices are part of an emotion

53. When people of varying cultures were asked to
match facial expressions with specific emotions

(A) there was little agreement, even among
people from the same culture

(B) there was agreement within a specific
culture, but not across cultures

(C) people from underdeveloped societies had
responses not seen in industrial societies

(D) there was remarkable agreement among
members of all cultures

(E) all cultures had exactly the same expres-
sions

54. The regulation of temperature in humans and
other mammals provides a good example of the
general physiological process of

(A) arousal
(B) habituation
(C) homeostasis
(D) object incentive
(E) metabolism

55. The sex hormone in females is _____ and the sex
hormone in males is _____.

(A) estrogen, androgen
(B) endorphins, androgens
(C) estrogen, endorphins
(D) androgen, estrogen
(E) androgen, glycogen

56. The correct order of Masters’and Johnson’s
stages of sexual response is
(A) arousal, plateau, resolution, orgasm
(B) excitement, plateau, resolution, orgasm
(C) excitement, resolution, orgasm, plateau
(D) arousal, resolution, plateau, orgasm
(E) excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution

57. Good advice to parents who want to encourage
high achievement in their children is to

(A) reward good performance, admonish bad
performance

(B) let children learn on their own the value of
achievement

(C) let children learn their lessons “the hard
way”

(D) don’t let children know about your personal
hardships or dissatisfactions with life

(E) don’t hold high achieving people up as
models

58. The correct order of Maslow’s needs hierarchy is

(A) physiological needs, safety, love and
belonging, esteem, self-actualization

(B) safety, physiological needs, love and
belonging, esteem, self-actualization

(C) physiological needs, safety, esteem, love
and belonging, self-actualization

(D) physiological needs, safety, love and
belonging, esteem, self-actualization

(E) physiological needs, love and belonging,
safety, esteem, self-actualization

59. At conception, the original fertilized cell consists
of forty-six

(A) chromosomes
(B) genes
(C) molecules of DNA
(D) gametes
(E) nuclei

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11

CLEP PSYCHOLOGY PRACTICE TEST

87. Self-help groups are effective for all of the
following reasons EXCEPT

(A) the bonds with others
(B) the insight offered by a trained therapist
(C) the availability of models with whom to

identify
(D) the feeling that one is not alone in his or her

problem
(E) the reassurance that most stress reactions

are normal

88. Since the introduction of drug treatment approxi-
mately twenty-five years ago, the percentage of
the population in the United States that is
hospitalized for mental disorders has

(A) increased substantially
(B) increased slightly
(C) remained constant
(D) decreased
(E) fluctuated vastly

89. Electroconvulsive shock

(A) is most often used to treat severely depressed
patients

(B) is largely ineffective
(C) has no known undesirable side effects
(D) is most often used to treat schizophrenic

patients
(E) has no therapeutic value for treating mental

illness

90. Cognitive dissonance is BEST described as

(A) feelings of discomfort generated by incon-
sistency between a person’s beliefs and
actions

(B) negative feelings generated when someone
unduly threatens one’s freedoms

(C) a denial of a discrepancy between beliefs
and actions

(D) negative feelings generated when exposed
to arguments against one’s attitudes

(E) a state of heightened self-awareness that
motivates one to perform an objective
self appraisal

91. If the source of information is judged to be of
low credibility, most people will

(A) be persuaded anyway
(B) experience cognitive dissonance
(C) disregard the information
(D) ask for proof to support the source’s position
(E) feel altruistic toward the speaker

92. When a person’s behavior is assigned to an external
cause, the type of attribution made is _____; when
a person’s behavior is assigned to an internal cause,
the type of attribution made is _____.

(A) stable, unstable
(B) dispositional, situational
(C) global, specific
(D) situational, dispositional
(E) specific, external

93. A mother who is certain her children cannot
make decisions encourages dependent behavior
that confirms her opinion of them, exemplifying

(A) self-perception theory
(B) the theory of social comparison.
(C) expedient conformity.
(D) a self-fulfilling prophecy.
(E) cognitive dissonance

94. Research suggests that a tendency to conform is
greater for _____ than for Americans.

(A) Austrians
(B) French
(C) Canadians
(D) Japanese
(E) Mexicans

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CLEP PSYCHOLOGY PRACTICE TEST

95. Among Stanley Milgram’s subjects who were
pressured to give “electrical shocks” to a
“learner” (actually an actor)

(A) almost none would shock the subject at all
(B) about 30 percent delivered some level of

electrical shock
(C) about 30 percent delivered an apparently

painful shock
(D) nearly two thirds delivered an apparently

painful shock
(E) nearly 90 percent delivered an apparently

painful shock

96. In which case would social loafing MOST likely
occur?

(A) Two friends decide to share the driving on a
road trip.

(B) Five students are assigned to do a group
project.

(C) Students decide to study together for the law
school entrance exam.

(D) Several skydiving instructors share joint
responsibility for safety checks.

(E) All of the choices are equally likely to
create social loafing.

97. Which of the following is TRUE about the
relationship between frustration and aggression?

(A) Frustration always causes aggression.
(B) Biological factors are more important than

social factors in aggressive behavior.
(C) Whether or not frustration will result in

aggression depends on cognitive appraisal.
(D) Frustration is likely to cause aggression in

children but depression in adults.
(E) Aggression is always a sign that frustration

and depression are present in an individual.

98. The results of IQ testing suggest that

(A) the average IQ is well above 100
(B) IQ cannot be tested reliably
(C) IQ scores approximate a normal distribution
(D) IQ is an excellent predictor of emotional

adjustment
(E) IQ tests are a direct measure of intelligence

99. A normal curve of distribution is a set of scores
with

(A) a high standard deviation
(B) most scores near one end of the range
(C) approximately equal numbers of scores

from one end of the range to the other
(D) most scores in the middle of the range
(E) most scores at the high and low ends of the

range

100. For a representative sample of identical twins,
the correlation coefficient between their IQs
was found to be .80. Hence, we can say that

(A) 80 percent of IQ is inherited
(B) 80 percent of IQ is due to environmental

effects
(C) IQ and inherited genes are strongly related
(D) identical twins usually have identical IQs
(E) IQ is barely related to heredity

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