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TitleReport on the Work of the Conference of Government Experts for the Study of the Conventions for ...
LanguageEnglish
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Total Pages344
Table of Contents
                            COVER PAGE
[Book Plate: Colonel Howard S. Levie Collection]
TITLE PAGE
ABBREVIATONS
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
	List of Delegates
	Bureau
	Bureau of the First Commission
	Bureau of the Second Commission
	Bureau of the Third Commission
Report of the First Commission - REVISION OF THE GENEVA CONVENTION AND RELATIVE STIPULATIONS
	I - GENEVA CONVENTION OF JULY 27, 1929 FOR THE RELIEF  OF WOUNDED AND SICK IN ARMIES IN THE FIELD
		GENERAL REMARKS
			1. Application of the Convention to all cases of armed conflict
			2. Extension of the Convention to Civilian Wounded and Sick
		CHAPTER I - Wounded and Sick
		CHAPTER II - Medical Formations and Establishments
		CHAPTER III - Personnel
		CHAPTER IV - Buildings and Material
		CHAPTER V - Medical Transports
		CHAPTER VI - The Distinctive Emblem
		CHAPTER VII - Application and Execution of the Convention
		CHAPTER VIII - Suppression of Abuses and Infractions
	II - PROTECTION OF WOUNDED AND SICK CIVILIANS IN WAR TIME
	III - TENTH HAGUE CONVENTION OF OCTOBER 18, 1907, FOR THE ADAPTATION TO MARITIME WARFARE OF THE PRINCIPLES OF THE GENEVA CONVENTION OF JULY 6, 1906
		GENERAL OBSERVATIONS
		CHAPTER I - Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
		CHAPTER II - Hospital Ships
		CHAPTER III - Personnel
		CHAPTER IV - Material
		CHAPTER V - Medical Transport
		CHAPTER VI - The Distinctive Emblem
		CHAPTER VII - Application and Execution of the Convention
		CHAPTER VIII - Suppression of Abuses and Infractions
Report of the Second Commission - CONVENTION CONCLUDED IN GENEVA ON JULY 27, 1929, RELATIVE TO THE TREATMENT OF PRISONERS OF WAR
	PART I
		GENERAL PROVISIONS
			I. Cases of Application of the Convention
			II. Persons protected by the Convention
			III. Operative period of Application
	PART II
		CAPTURE
	PART III
		CAPTIVITY
			SECTION I - Evacuation of Prisoners of War
			SECTION II - Prisoner of War Camps
				CHAPTER I - Installation of Camps
				CHAPTER II - Food and Clothing of Prisoners of War
				CHAPTER III - Hygiene in Camps
				CHAPTER IV - Intellectual and Moral Needs of Prisoners of War
				CHAPTER V - Internal Discipline of Camps
				CHAPTER VI - Special provisions concerning Officers and Persons of equivalent status
				CHAPTER VII - Pecuniary resources of Prisoners of War
				CHAPTER VIII - Transfers of Prisoners of War
			SECTION III - Work of Prisoners of War
				CHAPTER I - General Observations
				CHAPTER II - Organization of Work
				CHAPTER III - Prohibited Work
				CHAPTER IV - Labour Detachments
				CHAPTER V - Pay
			SECTION IV - Relations of Prisoners of War with the exterior
			SECTION V - Relations between Prisoners of War and the Authorities
				CHAPTER I - Complaints of Prisoners of War respecting conditions of captivity
				CHAPTER II - Representatives of Prisoners of War
				CHAPTER III - Penal Sanctions with regard to Prisoners of War
	PART IV
		END OF CAPTIVITY
			SECTION I - Direct repatriation and accommodation in Neutral Countries
			SECTION II - Liberation and repatriation at the end of  hostilities
	PART V
		DEATHS OF PRISONERS OF WAR
	PART VI
		RELIEF AND INFORMATION BUREAUX CONCERNING PRISONERS OF WAR
	PART VII
		APPLICATION OF THE CONVENTION TO CERTAIN CLASSES OF CIVILIANS
	PART VIII
		EXECUTION OF THE CONVENTION
			SECTION I - General Provisions
			SECTION II - Organization of Control
			SECTION III - Final Provisions
Report of the Second Commission - CONDITION AND PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS IN TIME OF WAR
	INTRODUCTION
	PREAMBLE
	PART I
		PROTECTION OF CIVILIAN ENEMY ALIENS IN TIME OF WAR
			CHAPTER I - General Provisions
			CHAPTER II - Enemy Aliens in belligerent Territory
			CHAPTER III - Civilian Population in a Territory occupied by a belligerent
			CHAPTER IV - Rules concerning Civilian War Internees
			CHAPTER V - Final Provisions
	PART II
		PROTECTION OF CIVILIAN POPULATIONS IN GENERAL
Annexes
	ANNEX A - Protection of Wounded and Sick
	ANNEX B - Repatriation
	ANNEX C - Regulations on Judicial Measures
	ANNEX D - Regulations Relative to Civilian War Internees (CWI)
		I - General Provisions
		II - Conditions of Internment
		III - Places of Internment
		IV - Financial Resources of Internees
		V - Transfers
		VI - Employment
		VI - Mail
		VIII - Relations of Civilian War Internees with the Authorities
		IX - Penal Regulations
		X - Release and Accommodation in Neutral Countries
		XII - Relief and Information Bureaux
	DRAFT TREATY PROVISIONS NOT REVISED BY THE COMMISSION
General Questions dealt with by the Conference in plenary Session
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS �

Report on the Work �
. of the �

Conference of Government Experts �

for the Study of the Conventions �

for the Protection of War Victims �

(Geneva, April 14-26, 1947) �

+ �
GENEVA

' 947

. f Seri es I . n O 5 b

Page 2

Colonel Howard S. Levie


Collection



The Judge Advocate General's


Legal Center and School



United States Army


Charlottesville, Virginia

Page 172

The following recommendations were made by the Commission:

(a) The DP shall determine the rate of wages due to PW who
work, provided that this rate shall never be less than a quarter of
a Swiss gold franc for a whole day's work. The DP shall notify
to the Government to which PW belong, through the Protecting
Power, the rate of wages it may determine.

(b) Where PW are continuously employed on work in con­
nexion with the administration, internal arrangement and main­
tenance of camps, they shall be paid wages by the DP benefiting
by their employment.

(c) PW employed on work in connexion with the administration,
internal arrangement and maintenance of camps for the bene fit
of PW themselves (e. g. spokesmen, cooks, canteen managers)
shall receive wages at rates to be determined by the spokesman,
approved by the camp commandant, and paid out of the PW
welfare f~tnd. Where there is no such fund the DP shall pay wages
at the rates it may determine.

The IeRe observed in its report that it was not fair that
PW employed permanently on camp administration or upkeep,
or having an occupation within the camp (cooks, instructors,
orderlies) should receive no pay. It proposed that PW conti-
nuously employed on work in connection with the administration,
internal arrangement and maintenance of camps, or on artisanal
work should receive wages.

The IeRe further asked if it was not advisable to delete
Section 3 of Art. 34 (which allows the camp management to
make deductions from PW wages), or at least to specify the
maximum amount which may be retained.

With regard to fixing the rate of pay for PW, the IeRe
considered it would be opportune to decide on a figure propor-
tionate to the wages earned by workers of the DP for similar
jobs. It also suggested that as soon as they commence work,
PW should receive from the DP full details of the salary they
will earn, the tariff upon which it has been based, the methods
of payment and the manner in which they may make ,use of

r60

Page 173

it. PW should be informed immediately of any changes made
in the above and allowed by the camp management regularly
to check their accounts with the camp management.

The JCRC was lastly of opinion that Section 5 should be
maintained in its present wording.

After a short discussion, the Commission adopted the above
recommendations.

(C) Credit Balances.

Article 24

At the commencement of hostilities, belligerents shall determine
by common accord the maximum amount of cash which prisoners of
war of various ranks and categories shall be permitted to retain in
their possession. Any excess withdrawn or withheld from a prisoner,
and any deposit of money effected by him, shall be carried to his account,
and may not be converted into another currency without his consent

The credit balances of their accounts shall be paid to the prisoners of
war at the end of their captivity.

During the continuance of the latter, facilities shall be accorded to
them for the transfer of these amounts, wholly or in part, to banks or
private individuals in their country of origin.

The Commission made the following recommendations:

Every camp shall keep an account for each PW showing
substantially:

(a) the pay to which he is entitled under the above provisions
(see A) ,"

(b) the total wages earned by him,"

(c) any sums, in the currency of the country of detention.
which were taken from him under Art. 6 of the Convention,"

(d) all earnings from any other source~·

(e) all payments made to him,"

(f) all payments made on his account and at his request,"

I6I

Page 343

VI. Employment

See above, pages 314-3I6.

Article 25 (Nature oj Work)

CWI of the third class shall not be employed on any work referred
to in Art. 3I of the PW Convention (actual or amended text).

Article 32 (Wages)

Wages and all other working conditions for CWI of the first and
second class, who are voluntary workers, shall be determined by
agreements between the CWI, the employers and the Detaining Power.
CWI of these classes who are called upon for camp administration,
camp upkeep, or the medical service, shall be paid worker's wages by
the Detaining Power.

The Detaining Power shall pay to CWI of the third class, when
working, a monthly wage amounting to at least. . . which shall also
be paid to the personnel of this class who are employed with the
commandant's consent, on work for the benefit of the internees them-
selves.

IX. Penal Regnlations

See above, page 321.

Article 46

CWI shall be subject to the laws, regulations and orders momen-
tarily in force in the countries where they may be, and to the regula-
tions and special orders of the places where they are interned.

CWI guilty of breaches of such laws, orders or regulations shall be
liable to the consequences foreseen by these laws, orders or regulations.
No laws or orders enacted specially in respect of CWI by the Detaining
Power may involve penal proceedings. Whenever possible, minor
breaches of the laws in force in the territory concerned shall be treated
as breaches of the regulations or orders of the place of internment and
shall lead to disciplinary measures only.

The stipulations of the present Section remain applicable 1.

1 This wording takes into account the observations submitted by one
Delegation.

33I

Page 344

General Questions dealt with by the Conference
in plenary Session

I. Possible Amalgamation of the various humanitarian Con-
ventions.

Without desiring to settle a question which will depend upon
the Diplomatic Conference entrusted with the final drafting of
the Conventions, the Conference requested the International
Committee of the Red Cross, while leaving them all latitude in
this respect, to assemble the various subjects under consideration
into a single draft diplomatic instrument. This draft would
contain separate Chapters, corresponding to existing or possible
Conventions and which, while being as homogeneous as possible,
in respect of their form, could be easily separated, should the
Diplomatic Conference consider opportune. These Chapters
might be preceded by a General Part, embodying the main
principles common to the various Chapters.

2. Form of Treaty Stipulations.

The Conference was of the opinion that stipulations of a
particularly technical and detailed nature might, whenever it
appears useful, be embodied in one or several attached regula-
tions. Such regulations shall have the same scope and the
same weight as the Convention itself.

3. Date of the future Diplomatic Conference.

The Conference recommended that Governments should be
informed of its desire to have convened as soon as possible, and
before April 30, 1948, the Diplomatic Conference competent
to sign the amended or new Conventions on the matters under
consideration.

4. Final Recommendation.

The Conference, while submitting to the Governments for
study Draft Conventions relative to wounded and sick, prisoners
of war and civilians, in the drafting of which it has participated,
desires to have placed on record its earnest hope that war may
never again devastate the world.

332

PB-7165-l
75-S0T

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1:1 /",

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