Download Quit India Movement PDF

TitleQuit India Movement
TagsSocial Movements South Asia Nonviolence Independence Movements Resistance To The British Empire
File Size490.8 KB
Total Pages11
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Quit India Movement

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Quit India Act (Hindi: भारत छोडो आन्दोलन Bhārat Chhodo Āndolan), or
the August Movement (August Kranti) was a civil disobedience movement

launched in India in August 1942 in response to Mohandas Gandhi's call

for 'Satyagraha' . The All-India Congress Committee proclaimed a mass

protest demanding what Gandhi called "an orderly British withdrawal" from

India. The call for determined, but passive resistance appears in his call

to Do or Die, issued on 8 August at the Gowalia Tank Maidan in Mumbai on

year 1942.

The British were prepared to act. Almost the entire INC leadership, and not

just at the national level, was imprisoned without trial within hours

after Gandhi's speech—at least 60,000 people. Most spent the rest of the

war in prison and out of contact with the masses. The British had the

support of the Viceroy's Council (which had a majority of Indians), of the

Muslims, the Communist Party, the princely states, the Imperial and state

police, the Indian Army, and the Indian Civil Service. Many Indian

businessmen were profiting from heavy wartime spending and did not

support Quit India. Many students paid more attention to Subhas Chandra

Bose, who was in exile and supporting the Axis. The only outside support

came from the Americans, as President Franklin D. Roosevelt pressured

Page 2

Prime MinisterWinston Churchill to give in to Indian demands. The Quit

India campaign was effectively crushed.

The British refused to grant immediate independence, saying it could

happen only after the war ended.

Procession view at Bangalore

Sporadic small-scale violence took place around the country but the British

arrested tens of thousands of leaders, keeping them imprisoned until 1945,

and suppressed civil rights, freedom of speech and freedom of the press. In

terms of immediate objectives Quit India failed because of heavy-handed

suppression, weak coordination and the lack of a clear-cut programme of

action. However, the British government realized that India was

ungovernable in the long run, and the question for postwar became how to

exit gracefully and peacefully.

\World War II and Indian involvement[edit]

In 1939 Indian nationalists were angry that British Governor-General of

India, Lord Linlithgow, had without consultation with them brought India into

the war. The Muslim League supported the war, but Congress was divided.

Public lecture at Basavanagudi, Bangalore with Late C.F.Andrews*,_2nd_Marquess_of_Linlithgow

Similer Documents