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TitlePsychology of the Americas. Mestizo Perspectives on Personality and Mental Health
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LanguageEnglish
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Page 1

Pergamon Titles of Related Interest
Bochner CULTURES IN CONTACT: Studies in

Cross-cultural Interaction
Brislin CROSS-CULTURAL ENCOUNTERS: Face-to-Face Interaction

Jenkins T H E PSYCHOLOGY O F T H E AFRO-AMERICAN:
A Humanist ic Approach

Landis/Brislin H A N D B O O K O F INTERCULTURAL T R A I N I N G
(3 volumes)

Marsella/Pedersen CROSS-CULTURAL C O U N S E L I N G
A N D PSYCHOTHERAPY

Morris SAYING A N D M E A N I N G IN PUERTO RICO:
Some Problems in the Ethnography of Discourse

Related Journals*
A N N A L S O F TOURISM

HABITAT INTERNATIONAL
INTERNATIONAL J O U R N A L O F INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS

W O R L D D E V E L O P M E N T

•Free specimen copies available upon request.

Page 2

PERGAMON GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY SERIES
EDITORS

Arnold P. Goldste in , Syracuse University
Leonard Krasner, SUNY at Stony Brook

Psychology of the Americas
Mestizo Perspectives on Personality and

Mental Health

Manuel Ramirez, III
The University of Texas at Austin

Pergamon Press
New York Oxford Toronto Sydney Paris Frankfurt

Page 95

88 Psychology of the Americas

TABLE 5 . 1 . How Well Does the Study or Program Meet
the Mestizo Standards?

Not at All Very
Characteristic Characteristic

The Standards 1 2 3 4 5

Theory or conceptual
framework
1. Degree to which the

theory or conceptual
framework is
consonant with
mestizo world view.

Subjects
2. Degree to which

subjects reflect
intracultural
diversity of target
group or groups.

3. Degree to which
SES, linguistic,
generational status
and acculturation/
biculturation
information were
taken into
consideration in
subject selection.

4. If two or more
groups were
compared— degree
to which groups are
comparable.

Instruments
5. Degree to which

contents of the
instruments were
reflective of the
mestizo view.

6. Degree to which
structure of the
instruments was
reflective of the
mestizo view.

7. Degree to which
demands that the
instruments made on
subjects were
consonant with the
mestizo view.

Page 96

Research Methods 89

Not at All Very
Characteristic Characteristic

The Standards 1 2 3 4 5

Data collection and
interpretation
8. Degree to which

data were collected
in a historical,
social, economic,
political, cultural
and religious
context.

9. Degree to which
data were interpreted
in a historical,
social, economic,
political, cultural
and religious
context.

In summary, we must be cognizant of the fact that most of the research
methods, instruments, and techniques in psychiatry and the social sciences
are biased toward the European world view. In addition, we should also
recognize that most training programs in psychology and psychiatry are
based on the tenets of the European world view as described in chapter 1.
In particular, we must be cautious of European etic disguised as ernie—
although several cross-cultural researchers reflect the mestizo world view
in their rhetoric, their bias toward the European world view is evident in
their choice of methodology and instruments. Some years ago, Price-Williams
(1975) provided a warning which we would all do well to consider in eval-
uating our own work as well as that of others: "Our own categories of
explanation and definition, embedded in our psychological theories, may
not be appropriate when projected on some other culture [p. 2 3 ] . "

SUMMARY

The choice of research methodologies and instruments for collection of
data in research and intervention programs with mestizo subjects is very
important to the future of mestizo psychology. It is important to recognize
that the European world view dominates most of the thinking, the training
programs, and the research and intervention technologies of psychology

Page 189

Vol. 76. CATALANO—Health, Behavior and the Community: An Ecological
Perspective

Vol. 77. NIETZEL—Crime and Its Modification: A Social Learning Perspective
Vol. 78. GOLDSTEIN, HOYER & MONTI—Police and the Elderly
Vol. 79. MIRON & GOLDSTEIN—Hostage
Vol. 80. GOLDSTEIN et al—Police Crisis Intervention
Vol. 81. UPPER & CAUTELA—Covert Conditioning
Vol. 82. MORELL—Program Evaluation in Social Research
Vol. 83. TEGER—Too Much Invested to Quit
Vol. 84. MONJAN & GASSNER—Critical Issues in Competency-Based

Education
Vol. 85. KRASNER—Environmental Design and Human Behavior: A

Psychology of the Individual in Society
Vol. 86. TAMIR—Communication and the Aging Process: Interaction

Throughout the Life Cycle
Vol. 87. WEBSTER, KONSTANTAREAS, OXMAN & MACK—Autism: New

Directions in Research and Education
Vol. 88. TRIESCHMANN—Spinal Cord Injuries: Psychological, Social and

Vocational Adjustment
Vol. 89. CARTLEDGE & MILBURN— Teaching Social Skills to Children:

Innovative Approaches
Vol. 90. SARBIN & MANCUSO—Schizophrenia—Medical Diagnosis or Moral

Verdict?
Vol. 91. RATH JEN & FOREYT—Social Competence: Interventions for

Children and Adults
Vol. 92. VAN DE RIET, KORB & GORRELL—Gestalt Therapy: An

Introduction
Vol. 93. MARSELLA & PEDERSEN—Cross-Cultural Counseling and

Psychotherapy
Vol. 94. BRISLIN—Cross-Cultural Encounters: Face-to-Face Interaction
Vol. 95 SCHWARTZ & JOHNSON—Psychopathology of Childhood: A

* Clinical-Experimental Approach
Vol. 96. HEILBRUN—Human Sex-Role Behavior
Vol. 97. DAVIDSON, KOCH, LEWIS & WRESINSKI—Evaluation Strategies

in Criminal Justice
Vol. 98. GOLDSTEIN, CARR, DAVIDSON, WEHR—In Response to

Aggression: Methods of Control and Prosocial Alternatives
Vol. 99. GOLDSTEIN—Psychological Skill Training: The Structured Learning

Technique
Vol. 100. WALKER—Clinical Practice of Psychology: A Guide for Mental

Health Professionals
Vol. 101. ANCHIN & KIESLER—Handbook of Interpersonal Psychotherapy
Vol. 102. GELLER, WINETT, EVERETT—Preserving the Environment: New

Strategies for Behavior Change
Vol. 103. JENKINS—The Psychology of the Afro-American: A Humanistic

Approach
Vol. 104. APTER—Troubled Children/Troubled Systems
Vol. 105. BRENNER— The Effective Psychotherapist: Conclusions from Practice

and Research
Vol. 106. KAROLY & KANFER—Self-Management and Behavior Change:

From Theory to Practice
Vol. 107. O'BRIEN, DICKINSON, ROSOW—Industrial Behavior Modification:

A Management Handbook

Page 190

Vol. 108. AMABILE & STUBBS—Psychological Research in the Classroom:
Issues for Educators and Researchers

Vol. 109. WARREN—Auditory Perception: A New Synthesis
Vol. 110. DiMATTEO & DiNICOLA—Achieving Patient Compliance: The

Psychology of the Medical Practitioner's Role
Vol. 111. CONOLEY & CONOLEY—School Consultation: A Guide to Practice

and Training
Vol. 112. PAPAJOHN—Intensive Behavior Therapy: The Behavioral Treatment

of Complex Emotional Disorders
Vol. 113. KAROLY, STEFFEN, O'GRADY—Child Health Psychology:

Concepts and Issues
Vol. 114. MORRIS & KRATOCHWILL—Treating Children's Fears and

Phobias: A Behavioral Approach
Vol. 115. GOLDSTEIN & SEGALL—Aggression in Global Perspective
Vol. 116. LANDIS & BRISLIN—Handbook of Intercultural Training
Vol. 117. FÄRBER—Stress and Burnout in the Human Service Professions
Vol. 118. BEUTLER—Eclectic Psychotherapy: A Systematic Approach
Vol. 119. HARRIS—Families of the Developmental^ Disabled: A Guide to

Behavioral Interventions
Vol. 120. HERSEN, KAZDIN, BELLACK— The Clinical Psychology Handbook
Vol. 121. MATSON & MULICK—Handbook of Mental Retardation
Vol. 122. FELNER, JASON, MORITSUGU, FÄRBER—Preventive Psychology:

Theory, Research and Practice
Vol. 123. CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON AGGRESSION—Prevention and

Control of Aggression
Vol. 124. MORRIS & KRATOCH WILL—The Practice of Child Therapy
Vol. 125. VARNI—Clinical Behavioral Pediatrics: An Interdisciplinary

Biobehavioral Approach
Vol. 126. RAMIREZ—Psychology of the Americas: Mestizo Perspectives on

Personality and Mental Health
Vol. 127. LEWINSOHN & TERI—Clinical Geropsychology: New Directions in

Assessment and Treatment
Vol. 128. BARLOW, HAYES, NELSON—The Scientist Practitioner: Research

and Accountability in Clinical and Educational Settings
Vol. 129. OLLENDICK & HERSEN—Child Behavioral Assessment: Priniciples

and Procedures

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