Download Photoshop Elements 4 for Dummies (ISBN - 0471774839) PDF

TitlePhotoshop Elements 4 for Dummies (ISBN - 0471774839)
TagsFor Dummies
File Size27.9 MB
Total Pages420
Table of Contents
                            Photoshop Elements 4 For Dummies
	About the Authors
	Authors’ Acknowledgments
	Contents at a Glance
	Table of Contents
	About This Book
	Conventions Used in This Book
	How This Book Is Organized
	Icons Used in This Book
	Where to Go from Here
Part I Getting Started
	Chapter 1 Getting to Know the Work Area
		Getting Around in Standard Edit Mode
		Changing Workspaces
		Using the Photo Bin
		Retracing Your Steps
		Getting a Helping Hand
		Taking Charge with Shortcuts
	Chapter 2 Getting Ready to Edit
		Controlling the Editing Environment
		Controlling the Organizing Environment
		Customizing Presets
		Getting Familiar with Color
		Getting Color Right
	Chapter 3 Working with Resolutions, Color Modes, and File Formats
		The Ubiquitous Pixels
		The Art of Resampling
		Choosing a Resolution for Print or On-Screen
		Go Ahead . . . Make My Mode!
		Saving Files with Purpose
Part II Getting Organized
	Chapter 4 Getting Your Images
		Digital Cameras versus Scanners
		Grabbing Images from Your Camera
		Using a Scanner
		Getting Files from Storage Media
		Using Online Services
		Phoning In Your Images
		Creating Images from Scratch
		Everything You Want to Know about Camera Raw
	Chapter 5 Viewing and Finding Your Images
		The Many Faces of the Organizer
		Moving around the Image Window
		Sorting Your Photos
		Using Search Options
	Chapter 6 Organizing and Managing Your Photos
		Organizing Groups of Images with Collections
		Cataloging Files
		Tag — You’re It!
		Hiding Files That Get in the Way
		Sticking Digital Notes on Your Photos
		Automating Your Organization
		Protecting Your Photos
Part III Selecting and Correcting Photos
	Chapter 7 Making and Modifying Selections
		Defining Selections
		Creating Rectangular and Elliptical Selections
		Making Freeform Selections with Lasso Tools
		Working Wizardry with the Magic Wand
		Modifying Your Selections
		Painting with the Selection Brush
		Painting with the Magic Selection Brush
		Using the Cookie Cutter Tool
		Eliminating with the Eraser Tools
		Using the Magic Extractor Command
		Using the Select Menu
	Chapter 8 Working with Layers
		Getting to Know Layers
		Working with Different Layer Types
		Tackling Layer Basics
		Moving a Layer’s Content
		Transforming Layers
		Flattening and Merging Layers
	Chapter 9 Simple Image Makeovers
		Cropping and Straightening Images
		Employing One-Step Auto Fixes
		Editing with Quick Fix
		Cloning with the Clone Stamp Tool
		Retouching with the Healing Brush
		Zeroing In with the Spot Healing Brush
		Lightening and Darkening with Dodge and Burn Tools
		Smudging Away Rough Spots
		Softening with the Blur Tool
		Focusing with the Sharpen Tool
		Sponging Color On and Off
		Replacing One Color with Another
	Chapter 10 Correcting Contrast, Color, and Clarity
		Adjusting Lighting
		Adjusting Color
		Adjusting Clarity
Part IV Exploring Your Inner Artist
	Chapter 11 Playing with Filters, Effects, Styles, and More
		Having Fun with Filters
		Working in the Filter Gallery
		Distorting with the Liquify filter
		Dressing Up with Effects
		Adding Shadows, Glows, and More
		Mixing It Up with Blend Modes
		Using Photomerge Panorama
	Chapter 12 Drawing and Painting
		Choosing Color
		Getting Artsy with the Pencil and Brush Tools
		Filling and Outlining Selections
		Splashing On Color with the Paint Bucket Tool
		Working with Multi-Colored Gradients
		Working with Patterns
		Creating Shapes of All Sorts
	Chapter 13 Working with Type
		Understanding Type Basics
		Creating Point Type
		Creating Paragraph Type
		Specifying Type Options
		Editing Text
		Simplifying Type
		Masking with Type
		Stylizing and Warping Type
Part V Printing, Creating, Sharing
	Chapter 14 Getting It on Paper
		Setting Up Your Printer
		Printing from the Organizer
		Printing Creations with Adobe Reader
		Getting Professional
		Using Online Printing Services
	Chapter 15 Showing It on Screen
		Optimizing Images for the Web
		Creating a Slide Show
		Writing Creations to CDs and DVDs
	Chapter 16 Making Creations
		Getting a Grip on Common Output Methods
		Creating the Family Photo Album
		Spreading the Love through Sharing
Part VI The Part of Tens
	Chapter 17 Ten Tips for Composing Better Photos
		Find a Focal Point
		Use the Rule of Thirds
		Cut the Clutter
		Frame Your Shot
		Employ Contrast
		Using Leading Lines
		Experiment with Viewpoints
		Use Light
		Giving Direction
		Consider Direction of Movement
	Chapter 18 Ten More Project Ideas
		Wallpaper and Screen Savers
		Flyers, Ads, and Online Auctions
		CD Labels and Jewel Case Covers
		Clothes, Hats, and More
		Household and Business Inventories
		Project Documentation
		School Reports and Projects
		Wait, There’s More
Bonus Chapter 1 Exploring Audio and Video in Elements
	Adding Audio Notes to Images in the Organizer
	Adding Animation to Your Images
	The Elements Soap Opera
Bonus Chapter 2 Setting Up a Web Photo Gallery
	Creating Your Web Gallery
	Uploading the Gallery to the Web
Bonus Chapter 3 Viewing and Searching Metadata
	Viewing Metadata
	Searching Metadata
Document Text Contents
Page 1

by Barbara Obermeier and Ted Padova

Elements 4



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Tip red.eps

190 Part III: Selecting and Correcting Photos
5. To rotate the image in 90-degree increments, click the Rotate Left or

Rotate Right button at the bottom of the application window.

6. Use the Red Eye tool to remove the red from your subjects’ eyes.

Note that you can also automatically fix red eye by clicking the Auto
button under Red Eye Fix in the General Fixes palette on the right side of
the application window. Both of these methods are described earlier, in
the section, “Auto Red Eye Fix.”

7. Apply any necessary auto fixes, such as Auto Smart Fix, Auto Levels,
Auto Contrast, and Auto Color Correction.

All these commands are found under the Enhance menu or in the General
Fixes, Lighting, and Color palettes on the right side of the application

Each of these fixes is described in detail earlier in this chapter. Remember,
usually one of the fixes is enough. Don’t stack them one onto another. If
one doesn’t work, click the Reset button near the image preview and try
another. If you’re not happy, go to Step 8.

8. If the auto fixes didn’t quite cut it, you’ll get more control by using the
sliders available for Smart Fix, Contrast, and Color, located in the
palettes on the right of the application window. If auto fixes did create
a result you’re happy with, skip to Step 9.

Here’s a brief description of each available adjustment:

• Lighten Shadows: Drag the slider to the right to lighten the darker
areas of your image without adjusting the highlights.

• Darken Highlights: Drag the slider to the right to darken the lighter
areas of your image without adjusting the shadows.

• Midtone Contrast: Adjusts the contrast of the middle (gray) values,
while leaving the highlights and shadows as is.

• Saturation: Adjusts the intensity of the colors.

• Hue: Changes all the colors in an image. Make a selection first to
change the color of just one or more elements. Otherwise, use
restraint with this adjustment.

• Temperature: Adjusts the colors warmer (red) or cooler (blue).
This adjustment can be used to correct skin tones or to correct
overly cool images (such as snowy winter photos) or overly warm
images (such as photos shot at sunset or sunrise).

• Tint: Adjust the tint after you have adjusted temperature to make
the color more green or magenta.

If you still don’t get the results you need, move on to one of the more
manual adjustments, described in Chapter 10.

Note that you can also apply fixes to just selected portions of your image.
Quick Fix mode offers the Selection Brush and Magic Selection Brush tools
for your selection tasks. For details on using these tools, see Chapter 7.

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9. Finally, sharpen your image either automatically, by clicking the Auto
button, or manually, by dragging the slider in the Sharpen palette.

Sharpening gives the illusion of increased focus by increasing the contrast
between pixels. This fix should always be the last adjustment you make
on your image.

Cloning with the Clone Stamp Tool
Elements enables you to clone elements without the hassle of genetically engi-
neering DNA. In fact, the Clone Stamp tool works by just taking sampled pixels
from one area and copying, or cloning, them onto another area. The advan-
tage of cloning over making a selection and copying and pasting is that it is
easier to realistically retain soft-edged elements such as shadows, as shown
in Figure 9-10.


Figure 9-10: The Clone Stamp tool enables you to realistically
duplicate soft-edged elements, such as shadows.

The Clone Stamp doesn’t stop there. You can also use this tool when fixing
flaws, such as scratches, bruises, and other minor imperfections. Although
the birth of the healing tools (discussed later in this chapter) has somewhat
pushed the Clone Stamp tool out of the retouching arena, it can still do a
good repair job in many instances.

191Chapter 9: Simple Image Makeovers

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To search metadata, do the following:

1. Open a catalog with a number of different photos taken with a digital
camera or scanned with your scanner.

You can acquire images in the Organizer window or use a catalog you
saved containing pictures taken with a digital camera or scanned with
your scanner. In this example we use pictures taken with a digital

2. Choose Find➪By Details (Metadata).

The Find by Details (Metadata) dialog box opens.

3. Select the first set of criteria.

From the Criteria drop-down menu, select an item to search. The second
menu offers options such as is, is not, and contains. Select the appropri-
ate choice from the menu commands.

The third drop-down menu offers options dependent on the search crite-
ria. For example, if you’re searching for a filename, the drop-down menu
changes to a text box in which you can type a filename. Other search cri-
teria provide menu choices for different options.

4. Add more sets of criteria.

Click the plus (+)
symbol and another
row is added, in
which additional cri-
teria can be selected
for searching. Notice
in Figure BC3-2 that
three rows of criteria
are specified for the

5. Click the Search
button to start the

If you want hidden files to be shown, check the box for Show Hidden
Photos. All photos meeting the criteria in the dialog box are returned in
a new Organizer window.

BC17Bonus Chapter 3: Viewing and Searching Metadata

Figure BC3-2: Click the plus (+) button and new rows are
added to the dialog box, in which additional criteria can be
added for the search.

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BC18 Photoshop Elements 4 For Dummies

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