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PERCEPTION OF HOMELAND AMONG CRIMEAN TATAR
DIASPORA LIVING IN TURKEY AS REFLECTED ON THE

DIASPORA JOURNAL EMEL








A THESIS SUBMITTED TO
THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES

OF
MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY






BY




FEYZA TOPRAK






IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS
FOR

THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE
IN THE DEPARTMENT OF EURAISAN STUDIES







SEPTEMBER 2013

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Approval of the Graduate School of Social Sciences






Prof. Dr. Meliha Altunışık

Director



I certify that this thesis satisfies all the requirements as a thesis for the
degree of Master of Science.




Assoc. Prof. Dr. Pınar Akçalı)
Head of Department




This is to certify that we have read this thesis and that in our opinion it is
fully adequate, in scope and quality, as a thesis for the degree of Master of
Science.






Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ayşegül Aydıngün
Supervisor

Examining Committee Members




Assoc. Prof. Dr. Pınar Akçalı (METU, POLS)

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ayşegül Aydıngün (METU, SOC)

Prof. Dr. Ismail Aydıngün (BAŞKENT, PSIR)

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leadership of Numan Çelebi Cihan and Cafer Seydahmet. This organization

aimed at the liberation of the Crimean Tatar nation.267 The interesting thing

was that their actions were backed by the Committee of Union and Progress

(CUP) and the intelligence service of the CUP Teşkilat-ı Mahsusa. As there

was a lack of connection between Bahçesaray and Istanbul between the years

1914 and 1917, together with other Turkish émigrés and with the initiative of

the CUP, they organized an ad hoc ‘society for the defense of the rights of

Turko-Tatars in Russia’, which appealed to neutral states such as the United

States, Scandinavian states and the allied powers by raising self-

determination issue for the Muslim Turks in the Russian Empire.268 In 1916,

this “Society” participated in the “League of the Alien Peoples of Russia”,

which appealed to Wilson in the name of Russian nationalities and demanded

help.



After the collapse of the Russian Empire, CUP decided to send a national

intellectual cadre, mostly constituted by Crimean Tatar diaspora volunteers,

to the Crimea.269 At that time Numan Çelebi Cihan and Cafer Seydahmet

were already in Crimea with the proclamation of self determination. They

called all the Crimean Tatars who were outside of the fatherland to make a

contribution to the days of independence of the Crimea. Ülküsal, the leader of

the second Emel Movement, was also among these young people. 270



Before the March 1917 revolution in Russia, the Fatherland Society had

recruited the other nationalist revolutionary cells in an organization. In April,

an all-Crimean Muslims Congress was upheld, and a Central Executive

Committee was formed.271 By declaring autonomy, they opened the Crimean

Tatar National Parliament, Kurultay, in Bahçesaray on 9 December.272 The

                                                            
267 Ibid., p. 169
268 Ibid., p. 203
269 Bowman, İnci (1996). “Kırımlı Bir Eğitim Savaşçısı Fevzi Elitok Altuğ (1878-1934)”
Emel. (165), p. 5.
270Ülküsal, Müstecip (1999). Müstecip Ülküsal: Kırım Yolunda Bir Ömür (Hatıralar).
Ankara: Kırım Türkleri Kültür ve Yardımlaşma Derneği Genel Merkezi, p. 77.
271 Kırımlı,1996, p. 209
272 Fisher,1981, p. 20

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first Crimean Tatar government was headed by Çelebi Cihan (Cafer

Seydahmet were appointed as the Minister of War). In January 1918,

Bolsheviks crushed the Crimean Tatar Kurultay government and killed Çelebi

Cihan.273



By the end of the 19th century, the number of Europeanized pan-Turkist urban

Crimean Tatar who spoke a hybrid Turkic language that is closer to Ottoman

Turkish and who had the notion of a ‘Turkic Homeland’ had increased. On

the other hand, by the turn of the century, when the followers of Gaspıralı

began to focus on the idea of improving the political and social unity of

Turkic world, some new voices were raised for a more narrowly defined

community of Tatars in the Crimea.274 As William’s says:



These students, teachers, and members of a
intelligentsia who had been inspired by Russian
nationalists and the Young Turk movement in the
Ottoman Empire, began to think of their Crimean
branch of Tatars as a distinct nation. A local version
of Tatar nationalism with a newly formulated
emphasis on the Crimean peninsula as the Tatars'
sacred vatan (Homeland) began to be formulated by
this new social stratum in the final days of the Russian
empire.275



In Kırımlı’s words:



It was the Young Tatars who manifestly introduced
the territorially-bound and-defined Crimean Tatar
national concept. For them the Crimea was the
Fatherland of the Crimean Tatars, who had
unalienable historical rights upon it.276



This part will be dwelled on further due to its capacity to reflect the spirit of

Emel after 1980s. Parallel with the developments, after the notion of the

                                                            
273 Kırımer, Cafer, Seydahment (1993). Bazı Hatıralar. İstanbul: Etam A.Ş, p. 298.
274 Williams, 1997, p. 230
275 Ibid., p. 231
276 Cited in Ibid., p. 232

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APPENDICES





A. TEZ FOTOKOPİSİ İZİN FORMU





ENSTİTÜ


Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü



Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü



Uygulamalı Matematik Enstitüsü



Enformatik Enstitüsü



Deniz Bilimleri Enstitüsü



YAZARIN



Soyadı: TOPRAK

Adı: FEYZA

Bölümü: AVRASYA ÇALIŞMALARI



TEZİN ADI (İngilizce) : PERCEPTION OF HOMELAND
AMONG CRIMEAN TATAR DIASPORA LIVING IN TURKEY
AS REFLECTED ON THE DIASPORA JOURNAL EMEL

×

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TEZİN TÜRÜ : Yüksek Lisans Doktora





1. Tezimin tamamından kaynak gösterilmek şartıyla fotokopi alınabilir.


2. Tezimin içindekiler sayfası, özet, indeks sayfalarından ve/veya bir
bölümünden kaynak gösterilmek şartıyla fotokopi alınabilir.



3. Tezimden bir bir (1) yıl süreyle fotokopi alınamaz.






TEZİN KÜTÜPHANEYE TESLİM TARİHİ:

×

×

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