Download Passenger-Light Duty Vehicle Inspection Standard PDF

TitlePassenger-Light Duty Vehicle Inspection Standard
LanguageEnglish
File Size864.9 KB
Total Pages96
Table of Contents
                            Passenger / Light-Duty Vehicle Inspection Standard
	Reference Handbook
1. Instructions for Technician / Inspector Conducting Inspections
	1.1. Inspection Methods
	1.2. Inspection Outcome Based on Current Vehicle Condition
	1.3. Inspection Report
	1.4. Workplace Safety
	1.5. Informational Notes
2. Terminology
	2.1. Application
	2.2. Definitions
	2.3. Categorization of Fluid (Liquid) Leaks
	2.4. Illustrations and Diagrams Used in the Standard
	2.5. Measurements and Tolerances
	2.6. Identification of Defective Conditions of the Types of Hose, Tubing and Lines Used on Vehicles
Section 1 – Powertrain
Section 2 – Suspension
Section 3 – Brake Systems
Section 4 – Steering
Section 5 – Instruments and Auxiliary Equipment
Section 6 – Lamps
Section 7 – Electrical System
Section 8 – Body
Section 9 – Tire and Wheel
Section 10 – Coupling Devices
Section 11 – Road Test
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Passenger / Light-Duty Vehicle Inspection Standard

Reference Handbook

October 2015

The information contained in this document is confidential and proprietary to the Government of Ontario. Unauthorized
distribution or use of this document or the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

Page 48

Section 4 – Steering

4. Kingpin

Item and Method of Inspection: Reject if:

Additional Inspection Procedure(s):
Raise the axle to unload the kingpin. Turn
the wheels through a full right and left
turn.



a) lateral movement
Additional Inspection Procedure(s):

Rock the wheel in and out, by hand or
using a bar, to check for kingpin
movement. Measure lateral movement at
the outer edge of the tire.
Use a dial gauge if necessary.

a)
- not within manufacturer specification or

when manufacturer specification is not
available:

- for wheels under 20 in., lateral
movement is more than 3 mm

- for wheels 20 in. or larger, lateral
movement is more than 5 mm

b) vertical movement
Additional Inspection Procedure(s):

Place a bar under the tire and check for
vertical movement between spindle
support and axle.
Use a dial gauge if necessary.

b)
- not within manufacturer specification or

when manufacturer specification is not
available, greater than 2.5 mm

c) condition c)
- binding or jamming is detected while

turning wheel



Passenger / Light-Duty Vehicle Inspection Standard Page 48 of 96

Note: All inspection procedures are visual unless additional inspection procedures are indicated. Conditions shown in this manner are defined conditions. The definitions
can be found in the introduction section.

Page 49

Section 5 – Instruments and Auxiliary Equipment

Section 5 – Instruments and Auxiliary Equipment



1. Horn

Item and Method of Inspection: Reject if:

Additional Inspection Procedure(s):
Test horn operation.

Note:
Every vehicle must have at least one
operating horn.



a) operation a)
- inoperative, missing or not clearly

audible

b) control b)
- not identified as “Horn,” if not OEM
- not readily accessible to the driver, if

not OEM
- not a pressure-type switch

2. Speedometer

Item and Method of Inspection: Reject if:

a) operation a)
- inoperative or missing
- not clearly visible
- not legible from every driving position

3. Odometer

Item and Method of Inspection: Reject if:

a) operation a)
- OEM odometer inoperative or missing



Updated Passenger / Light Duty Vehicle Inspection Standard Page 49 of 96

Note: All inspection procedures are visual unless additional inspection procedures are indicated. Conditions shown in this manner are defined conditions. The definitions
can be found in the introduction section.

Page 95

Section 11 – Road Test

6. Tire clearance

Item and Method of Inspection: Reject if:
Inspection Procedure:

Drive the vehicle so as to cause
suspension travel (bumps, uneven
pavement)



a) determine if there is contact between a
tire and other vehicle components or
body

a)
- contact occurs between tire and

any other part of the vehicle

7. Steering

Item and Method of Inspection: Reject if:
a) steering wheel reaction

Inspection Procedure:
Drive vehicle as necessary to evaluate the
response to the following conditions:
-vehicle driven over bump
-turning

a)
- steering pulls to left or right while

vehicle is driven in a straight line
- steering reacts excessively to bump
- steering wheel does not

automatically return most of the way
to centre while vehicle is exiting a
turn

8. Drivetrain

Item and Method of Inspection: Reject if:
a) differential

Inspection Procedure:
While driving at low speed through a
sharp turn, monitor if the differential
allows free movement between the left
and right drive wheels.

a)
- differential action is limited or non-

existent, indicated by skidding of a
drive tire during a sharp turn

- differential fails to operate as
intended.

b) transfer case b)
- evidence that transfer case is not

functioning properly (for example,
wheel lock-up or shuddering
experienced in vehicle while driving
in a straight line)

c) clutch c)

Passenger / Light-Duty Vehicle Inspection Standard Page 95 of 96

Note: All inspection procedures are visual unless additional inspection procedures are indicated. Conditions shown in this manner are defined conditions. The definitions
can be found in the introduction section.

Page 96

Section 11 – Road Test

Item and Method of Inspection: Reject if:
- fails to operate in the manner

prescribed by the manufacturer
d) transmission d)

- transmission gear-shift indicator
inaccurate or not functioning

- gear-shift lever binding, excessive
play

e) CV joint / U-joint e)
- joint is noisy (for example, clicking)

during road test, and steering
movement adversely affected



Passenger / Light-Duty Vehicle Inspection Standard Page 96 of 96

Note: All inspection procedures are visual unless additional inspection procedures are indicated. Conditions shown in this manner are defined conditions. The definitions
can be found in the introduction section.

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