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TitleOperation Partnership: Trends and Practices in Law Enforcement and Private Security Collaborations
File Size11.5 MB
Total Pages144
Table of Contents
	Chapter One: Introduction and Background
		Purpose of the Report
		Background: Operation  Partnership
		LE-PS Partnerships: Mandate, Benefits, and Challenges
	Chapter Two: Methodology
		Purpose of the Project
		Project Components and Tasks
	Chapter Three: Key Trends in Public-Private Partnerships
		General Trends
		Trends Specifically Related to Homeland Security
	Chapter Four: Forms of Partnerships
		Organizational Structure
		Specificity of Purpose
		Leadership Source
	Chapter Five: Types of Partnership Activities and Programs
		Information Sharing
		Crime Control and Loss Prevention
		Resource sharing
		All-Hazards Preparation and Response
		Research, Policy Development, and Legislation
	Chapter Six: Key Components of Law Enforcement-Private Security Partnerships
		Compelling Mission
		External Support or Models  for Formation
		Founders, Leaders, and  Facilitators as Active Enablers
		Means of Communication
		Sustaining Structure and Resources
		Summary of Factors Leading to Success and Failure
	Chapter Seven: Conclusions and Future Steps
		Future Steps
		Appendix A: Fifteen Key Steps for Getting Started and Five Tips for Enhancing an Ongoing Law Enforcement-Private Security Partnership
		Appendix B: Resources
		Appendix C: Selected Partnerships
		Appendix D: Additional Acknowledgments
		Appendix E: Executive Summary, COPS/IACP National Policy Summit: Building Private Security/Public Policing Partnerships to Prevent and Respond to Terrorism and Public Disorder
Document Text Contents
Page 1

U.S. Department of Justice
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services

Trends and Practices
in Law Enforcement and
Private Security Collaborations

By The Law Enforcement-Private Security Consortium

Page 72


oPEraTion ParTnErShiP

Local and regional Crime Alert Programs
E-mail, text messaging, secure web sites, and secure radio networks are some of the tools various
LE-PS partnerships use to convey information immediately about crimes and other threats to
public safety. Examples identified in this study include these:

  Philadelphia Center City District and Philadelphia Police Department: e-mail, text messaging

  Secomnet, Charlotte-Mecklenburg County (North Carolina): secure radio network

  Anaheim (California) Crime Alert Network: fax and e-mail alerts

  SHIELD in New York City, SPIN in Nassau County (New York) and SCAN in Suffolk County (New
York): see sidebar

  SCAN (Security Communications Access Network) in Hartford (Connecticut): secure radio
system, e-mail alert system

  Minneapolis SafeZone partnership: common LE-PS radio channel

  Grand Central Partnership: common LE-PS radio channel

  International Lodging Safety and Security Association (ILSSA) Intelligence Network, Boston:
e-mail alerts, listserv

  Greater Chicago Hotel Loss Prevention Association: secure web site on which incident
information is often posted immediately

  Boston Financial District Information Network: e-mail, closed-circuit television (CCTV)

  Chicago Building Owners Management Association (BOMA) Chicago Security
Committee: daily faxes from the Chicago Police Department 1st District to committee
members, Emergency Alert Radio Network System, CCTV

  Association for Security Administration Professionals: radio network, fax alerts.

Many partnership leaders credit their alert systems with crimes prevented and solved.
Successes attributed to joint LE-PS radio systems include immediate communication about
protests that appeared to be turning violent; quick captures of suspects (e.g., bank robbers,
escaped prisoner, jewelry store thief); recovery of missing persons, including responses to
Amber Alerts; and better on-site coordination of special events. Partnerships also report
crimes prevented and arrests aided by e-mail alerts. Examples include situations when a
rash of crimes is committed against similar businesses, such as fraud and laptop thefts
at hotels, thefts from autos in downtown garages, and retail merchandise return scams.
In addition, some alert systems are used to issue warnings of major traffic accidents,
industrial accidents, natural disasters, and terrorist threats and incidents.

Other Information and Intelligence-Sharing Models
The following examples include state and regional fusion centers and several federally- supported,
large information sharing systems that were launched in the mid-1990s but have expanded since
that time.

Page 73


TyPES oF ParTnErShiP aCTiviTiES and ProgramS

Information-Sharing Examples in the New York City Area: SHIELD, SPIN,
and SCAN Programs

The Area Police/Private Security Liaison Program (APPL) was founded in 1986 as a cooperative relationship between
the New York Police Department (NYPD) and private security executives in New York City. In 2005, after a long,
successful history of achievement under the direction of the NYPD Crime Prevention Division, APPL transitioned
into NYPD SHIELD, which is coordinated by the NYPD Counterterrorism Bureau. SHIELD is an “umbrella program
for a series of current and future Police Department initiatives that pertain to private sector security and counter­
terrorism” and a “public private partnership based on information sharing.” (

Means for sharing information include in-person intelligence and threat briefings, NYPD web site postings, Shield
Alert e-mail messages, and informal information exchanges with counterterrorism coordinators in the patrol
boroughs. When the Operation Partnership study concluded its research phase in late 2007, the SHIELD program was
still evolving.

SPIN (Security/Police Information Network) was started by the Nassau County (New York), Police Department
(NCPD) in 2004 when now retired Police Commissioner James Lawrence, a former NYPD executive, sought to adapt
the APPL concept to Nassau County, with the goal of making it a highly interactive, all-hazards program. Two-
way information sharing is accomplished primarily by e-mail, as well as through meetings. SPIN’s comprehensive,
multitiered approach allows for distribution of alerts (and other messages, training materials, etc.) to the entire
network or to selected segments (e.g., law enforcement, vetted security directors, hospitals, civic associations,
utilities, and others). At first, SPIN was coordinated by the NCPD Community Affairs Unit. It is now administered by
the Homeland Security Counter Terrorism Bureau.

Recognizing the success of SPIN, the Suffolk County (New York) Police Department (SCPD) began SCAN, the Suffolk
County Alert Network. The SCAN program description is similar to that of SPIN (
htm); however, SCAN is part of the SCPD’s Intelligence Center.

Part of the success of these New York City area programs seems to be attributable to the strong ASIS chapters in the
region, which have been very supportive and continue to devote significant time and resources to the programs.

Fusion Centers
In the past few years, state and regional intelligence fusion centers have begun
assembling resources, expertise, and information from multiple law enforcement and
private-sector sources to prevent and address crime and terrorism.97 An example of
private security involvement is CSX Transportation, Inc.’s data-sharing agreements with
fusion centers in Kentucky, New York, and New Jersey.98 Although placement of private
security personnel in fusion centers is still rare, an exception is the fusion center in
Seattle, Washington. Boeing announced plans in summer 2007 to place a corporate
security analyst there.99 A longstanding LE-PS partnership, the Washington Law
Enforcement Executive Forum (WLEEF), encouraged private security participation in the
Seattle center (see sidebar on WLEEF in this chapter).


Page 144

Trends and Practices in Law Enforcement and Private Security Collaboration
is intended to help law enforcement and private security organizations
develop and operate effective partnerships to address issues of mutual
concern. It provides guidelines and analyses that are supplemented with
examples from partnerships throughout the nation of trends, innovative
practices, obstacles, lessons learned, and results. These partnerships were
formed or expanded to address a range of critical policing and private-
sector needs, including terrorism preparedness and prevention, supporting
neighborhood and downtown revitalization efforts, combating financial
crimes, improving security at special events, improving security for the
nation’s critical infrastructure, bringing community policing strategies to
bear on crimes against businesses and the community.

U. S. Department of Justice
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services
145 N Street, N.E.
Washington, DC 20530

To obtain details about COPS Office programs, call the
COPS Office Response Center at 800.421.6770.

Visit COPS Online at

ISBN: 978-1-935676-38-6

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