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Table of Contents
                            NO STONE UNTURNED – Chamber of Commerce International Comparisons
Contents
Foreword
Introduction
Section One – Background
Origin of chambers
Public and private law chamber models
	Public law models
	Private law models
Comparison of public and private law models
Section Two – Country comparisons
1. United Kingdom
2. United States of America
3. Japan
4. France
5. Germany
Annexes
	Annex A: Business West
	Annex B: Glossary
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

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Chamber of Commerce �
International Comparisons��

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Page 2

Contents

Foreword 2

Introduction 3

Section One – Background 4

Origin of chambers 4


Public and private law chamber models 6


• Public law models 7


• Private law models 9


Comparison of public and private law models 11


Section Two – Country comparisons 14


1. United Kingdom 14


2. United States of America 25


3. Japan 29


4. France 32


5. Germany 36


Annex


A. Business West 40


B. Glossary 42


[1]

Page 22

Section Two – Country comparisons 1. United Kingdom

Table 9: Non-chamber delivery agencies offering business support in London

Agency Service

National organisations

Business Link/GOV.UK Digital and hotline

Grant Thornton Managing the delivery of the Growth Accelerator
programme (high growth companies) and
Manufacturing Advisory Service (manufacturing
companies)

Pan London Organisations

London and Partners Helping international businesses locate and
grow in London

London First Business membership group offering lobbying,
campaigning and networking events

Greater London Enterprise Delivers trade services for UK Trade and
Investment

British Library Some business advice including help with
intellectual property

Universities Business start-up support

Greater London Authority Delivering ‘Compete For’ and Mayor’s recent
business ‘boot-camps’

Local organisations

West London Business Lobbying, business networking and events,
information, market intelligence

South London Business Business support and advice, business award
programmes, events

North London Business Investor development for north London
boroughs

East London Small Business Centre Helping small businesses start up and grow

London Boroughs Some provide advice and support and some
funding

Source: Department for Business, Innovation and Skills

[21]

Page 23

Chambers of Commerce – International Comparisons

35. In the past, there have been limited or no formal links between the non-affiliated chambers

and the LCCI. However, the London Chamber of Commerce Forum (LCCF) was founded

in 2010 to act as an informal forum to encourage closer working arrangements and a

more unified voice. The LCCF is run on a voluntary basis, but steps are now being taken

to move to an ‘affiliation’ appr oach between the LCCI and local borough chambers. The

indications are that this network would like to see an improved role for chambers across

the capital, including more of a role in engaging small businesses in the delivery of

business support services.

Appetite for change

In a 2012 poll of 100 South East London Chamber of Commerce members:

> 60% of members stated that it is important for the chambers to increase

membership to include all businesses in the catchment area

> 81% of members thought that businesses should be made aware of the

benefits of chamber membership when they register their accounts at

Companies House or pay business rates.

> 75% of members said that the chambers should have the capability to deliver

government services for example skills, trade or brokerage

> When asked what would incentivise businesses to become chamber members

77% said networking opportunities, 47% said access to business support

networks, 34% said access to information, 33% said price/affordability,

28% said access to free seminars and 19% said access to local government

procurement.

Source: South East London Chamber of Commerce

Overseas chambers

36. British Chambers overseas (called bi-lateral chambers or BritChams) are self-funded,

independent member organisations operating under the national laws of the countries

in which they ar e located. They are not affiliated nor are their functions and roles overseen

by the BCC.

37. The UK overseas chamber picture is a patchwork. There are 6327 bi-lateral overseas

chambers 3428 of which are in Europe. More broadly, some countries have bi-lateral

chambers, others business councils, business groups or a combination of these. All are

independent of each other, the BCC and local chambers in the UK. UK overseas chamber

services tend to focus on information sharing, signposting, and networking with much less

focus on service delivery. There are some notable gaps where there is no chamber

presence, most strikingly in India and South Africa.

27 http://www.britishchambers.org.uk/business/trading-internationally/international-contacts.html, 2012
28 http://www.cobcoe.eu/membership/members-of-cobcoe/, 2012

[22]

http://www.cobcoe.eu/membership/members-of-cobcoe/
http://www.britishchambers.org.uk/business/trading-internationally/international-contacts.html

Page 43

Chambers of Commerce – International Comparisons

[42]

Annex B: Glossary

ACFCI Association of French Chambers of Commerce and Industry

AHK German Chamber of Commerce overseas

AmChams American Chambers of Commerce overseas

APCAC Asia Pacific Council of American Chambers of Commerce

ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations

BAB British American Business

BCC British Chambers of Commerce

BCCC British Chambers of Commerce in China

BCCJ British Chambers of Commerce in Japan

BCCK British Chamber of Commerce in Korea

BiSEA Britain in South East Asia

BMCC British Malaysian Chambers of Commerce

CBBC China-Britain Business Council

CCI Chamber of Commerce and Industry

CCIR French regional Chambers of Commerce and Industry

CIPE Centre for International Private Enterprise

DHKT German Confederation of Chambers of Skilled Crafts

DIHK Deutscher Industrie und Handelskammertag

GTAI German Trade and Invest

HWK Craft Chambers of Commerce

ICC International Chamber of Commerce

IHK German Chambers of Commerce and Industry

JCCI Japanese Chambers of Commerce and Industry

JETRO Japan External Trade Organisation

LCCF London Chamber of Commerce Forum

LCCI London Chamber of Commerce and Industry

LEP Local Enterprise Partnership

MCC Merton Chamber of Commerce

OMIS Overseas Market Introduction Service

SME Small and medium size business

UCCIFE Union of French Chambers of Commerce and Industry

UKTI UK Trade and Investment

Page 44

© Crown copyright 2012

You may re-use this information (not including logos) free of charge in
any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence.
Visit www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence, write to
the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU,
or email: [email protected]

This publication is also available on the BIS website at www.bis.gov.uk

Any enquiries regarding this publication should be sent to:
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
1 Victoria Street
London SW1H 0ET
Tel: 020 7215 5000

URN 12/1214

www.bis.gov.uk
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence

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