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TitleNeurobiology and Clinical Aspects of the Outer Retina
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Page 1

Neurobiology and Clinical
Aspects of the Outer Retina

Page 2

The front cover illustration shows a transverse section of the parafocal area of a monkey's
outer retina. The inserts on the back cover are tangential views of the outer nuclear layer.
(Courtesy of Dr Ron Douglas, photomicrography by Sinclair Stammers.)

Page 251

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Page 501

Index

S-antigen 456--7, 463
Schiff base 61, 62, 64, 80, 85,

86
Scotopic 338, 339, 343

threshold response 339, 408,
411

Second messenger 35-7, 199,
204, 214

Second order neurons 134,
138

Sensitivity 140, 422, 425, 428
dark-adapted thresholds 464,

467
hypothesis 66, 67, 72

Seratonin 374, 386, 387
Serotonin receptors 356--7, 374,

386
Short wavelength sensitivity

86, 90, 91, 94, 95, 173,
175

SignaVNoise ratio 330, 332, 342,
401

Signal transduction 403, 411
Signal transduction proteins

cellular trafficking 34, 35
expression 32-4

Silent substitution method
182

Simplex patients 449
Small cell carcinoma 463
S-modulin 116--17, 306
Sodium 173, 178, 180, 181, 255,

256, 258, 260-62, 303, 310
channel 342
conductance 297
Na+/Ca+ exchanger 355, 363
Na+/Ca+/K+ exchanger

113-14
pump 403-4

Somatic gene therapy 457
Somatostatin 375, 383, 385
Sorsby's fundus dystrophy 418,

422-3
Spatial integration 378
Spatial scale 326, 336
Spatial summation 332
Spatial tuning 475, 478
Spatiotemporal processing

484
Spatiotemporal tuning 477

500

Spectral filtering 65
Spectral sensitivity 175

anion effect 86
chloride effect 64
moonlight and scotopic

vision 66
photoreceptor geometry

66
primates 61, 62, 64, 88
Purkinje shift 66
shifts 82-6, 89-90
tuning 86, 90, 93, 94
twilight 66, 67

Spinules 227, 382
Spreading depression 173,

410-11
Standing potential 426
Stargardt's disease 421
Starlight and twilight 338--9,

342
Stell model 169, 175, 232
Sublamina a and b 279, 280,

287
Subretinal space 408, 411, 432,

435
Sulpiride 178, 473, 478, 483
Synapsin 169
Synaptic ribbon 143, 275
Synaptic terminals 227
Synaptic vesicles 162, 167, 168,

169, 170
Synaptic voltage gain 298
Synaptic voltage transfer

function 316
Synaptophysin 169
Syphilis 451

Taurine 401-3, 406, 409
Telodendria 134, 135, 376
Terminal nerve 178
Thioridazine 450
Tight junction 398--9
Tonic signalling 340
Transducin 32, 81, 87, 106, 108,

110, 112, 119, 304, 310,
319, 425, 430

expression regulation 33, 34
Tricarboxylic acid cycle 411
Tyrosine hydroxylase 179, 370,

376, 382, 386, 482

Univariance 181-2
Usher syndrome 450,455
uv sensitivity 85, 86, 93
Uveitis 463, 467-8

Vasculitis 463
Vaso-intestinal peptide

483
Vaso-intestinal polypeptide

(VIP) 178
Vimentin 397-8
Vincristine toxicity 464
Visual evoked potential (VEP

and PVEP) 473, 475-6, 479,
484

Visual field 417, 425, 427-9,
449-50, 461, 464, 468

Visual pigments 80, 411
absorbance band 60
absorbance curve 81
anion sensitivity 86
chloride effect 64
chromophore 80, 82
cone 81, 82, 89, 90, 91, 94,

400
cytoplasmic domain 86-8
deep sea fish 62, 63, 64
GTP87
cGTP phosphodiesterase 87,

453
cGMP 87
cGMP gated channel 87
intradiscal domain 88
isochromic 61
offset 68, 69
opsin 80
maximum absorbance 81-5,

90-93
membrane domain 85,86
model for optimal set

69-71
molecular biology 79-104,

424
molecular model 80, 81,

85-8,454
Muller cell 400-403
phenotypic variation 60,

61
polymorphism 60, 61
rod 82, 89, 94

Page 502

Schiff base 80, 85, 86
spectral sensitivity 82, 85-6,

92, 93, 95
spectral sensitivity adaptation

82-4, 91~
spectral sensitivity clustering

62, 72, 92

spectral sensitivity shift 82~,
89-90,92-4

spectral tuning 62, 63
thermal stability 60, 63, 71,

72, 73
Vitamin A 62, 400, 450, 457
Vitamin D3 406

Vitamin E 457
Viteliform macular

degeneration 432

X chromosome 89, 91

Zonulae adhaerentes 398

Index

501

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