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TitleNa Kua'aina: Living Hawaiian Culture
Author
LanguageEnglish
File Size15.7 MB
Total Pages385
Document Text Contents
Page 1

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hawaiian studies

Of related interest

Leaving Paradise
Indigenous Hawaiians in the Pacific Northwest,

1787–1898

Jean Barman and Bruce McIntyre Watson

Native hawaiians arrived in the Pacific Northwest as early as 1787. Some went out of curiosity; many
others were recruited as seamen or as workers in the fur
trade. By the end of the nineteenth century more than a
thousand men and women had journeyed across the Pacific,
but the stories of these extraordinary individuals have
gone largely unrecorded in Hawaiian or Western sources.
Through painstaking archival work in British Columbia,
Oregon, California, and Hawai‘i, Jean Barman and Bruce
Watson pieced together what is known about these sail-
ors, laborers, and settlers from 1787 to 1898, the year the
Hawaiian Islands were annexed to the United States. In ad-
dition, the authors include descriptive biographical entries
on some eight hundred Native Hawaiians, a remarkable
and invaluable complement to their narrative history.

university of hawai‘i press

Honolulu, Hawai‘i 96822-1888

www.uhpress.hawaii.edu

Jacket photo: Franco Salmoiraghi Jacket design: Leslie Fitch

(Continued on back flap)

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Nā Kua‘āina
e living hawaiian culturew

Davianna Pòmaika‘i McGregor

The word kua‘âina translates literally as “back land” or “back country.” Davi-
anna Pòmaika‘i McGregor grew up hearing
it as a reference to an awkward or unsophis-
ticated person from the country. However,
in the context of the Native Hawaiian cul-
tural renaissance of the late twentieth cen-
tury, kua‘âina came to refer to those who
actively lived Hawaiian culture and kept the
spirit of the land alive. Kua‘âina are Native
Hawaiians who remained in rural areas; took
care of kûpuna (elders); continued to speak
Hawaiian; toiled in taro patches and sweet
potato fields; and took that which is pre-
cious and sacred in Native Hawaiian culture
into their care. The mo‘olelo (oral traditions)
recounted in this book reveal how kua‘âina
have enabled Native Hawaiians to endure as a
unique and dignified people after more than
a century of American subjugation and con-
trol. The stories are set in rural communities
or cultural kîpuka—oases from which tradi-
tional Native Hawaiian culture can be regen-
erated and revitalized.

w
By focusing in turn on an island (Moloka‘i),
moku (the districts of Hana, Maui, and
Puna, Hawai‘i), and an ahupua‘a (Waipi‘o,
Hawai‘i), McGregor examines kua‘âina life
ways within distinct traditional land use re-
gimes. Kaho‘olawe is also included as a pri-
mary site where the regenerative force of
the kua‘âina from these cultural kîpuka have
revived Hawaiian cultural practices. Each

case study begins by examining the cultural
significance of the area. The ‘òlelo no‘eau
(descriptive proverbs and poetical sayings)
for which it is famous are interpreted, offer-
ing valuable insights into the place and its
overall role in the cultural practices of Na-
tive Hawaiians. Discussion of the landscape
and its settlement, the deities who dwelt
there, and its rulers is followed by a review
of the effects of westernization on kua‘âina
in the nineteenth century. McGregor then
provides an overview of the social and eco-
nomic changes in each area through the
end of the twentieth century and of the ele-
ments of continuity still evident in the lives
of kua‘âina. The final chapter on Kaho‘olawe
demonstrates how kua‘âina from the cultural
kîpuka under study have been instrumental
in restoring the natural and cultural resources
of the island.

e
Unlike many works of Hawaiian history,
which focus on the history of change in
Hawaiian society, particularly in O‘ahu and
among the ruling elite, Nâ Kua‘âina tells a
broader and more inclusive story of the Ha-
waiian Islands by documenting the continu-
ity of Native Hawaiian culture as well as the
changes.

e
Davianna Pòmaika‘i McGregor is professor
of ethnic studies at the University of Hawai‘i
and a historian of Hawai‘i and the Pacific.

(Continued from front flap)

Revised McGregor jacket 2.indd 1 10/25/06 11:17:26 AM

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