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TitleManagement of Marine Living Resources in the Waters around
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Page 67


“The Management of Marine Living Resources in the Waters around Gibraltar”

Spain implements the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP), Regulation 2371/2002 and as
such all the technical rules under the CFP including gear restrictions, monitoring
control and enforcement. Specifically in relation to the Mediterranean, Spain is
obligated under Council Regulation No 1967/2006 to take specific measures in
relation to sustainable exploitation, management and conservation. Spain is currently
implementing its marine plan under this regulation and specific elements also
include the national fishing laws applicable to the fisheries in Andalusia which cover
the fisheries of Algeciras and La Linea.

Fisheries policies and laws relevant to

management of fisheries in and around Gibraltar

Spanish Fisheries Regulations

Figure 23: State of fish
stocks in the

The situation differed
between demersal and
small pelagic fish.
Practically all demersal fish
and crustaceans stocks
assessed were classified as
overexploited. In contrast,
almost 70 percent of the
small pelagic fish stocks
were classified as fully
exploited or non-fully
exploited. Given the high
intensity of fishing

practised across the whole region, it is reasonable to assume that this is also the general
situation for most of the non-assessed.

Source: GFCM, 2012

Page 68


“The Management of Marine Living Resources in the Waters around Gibraltar”

A list of Spanish fishing laws and restrictions includes:

• Order APA/37/2007 in BoE no.18 dated 20/01/2007 which describes, in detail,
the minimum mesh size and dimensions of fixed gears and minor gears/arts in
the Mediterranean;

• Order dated 5 June 2006, BOJA no.116 dated 19/06/2006, establishing the
minimum depths for seine nets and trawling in interior waters of the
Mediterranean (in summary: 50m for trawling and 35 for seine nets);

• Order dated 7 April 2004, BOJA no.76 dated 20/04/2004, establishing the
regulatory standards for the capture of octopus in the interior waters of the
Mediterranean (Andalucia);

• Real Decreto 632/1993 prohibits "arrastre de fondo", (one of the methods of
"raking the seabed" covered in the Nature Protection Act) in waters less than
50 m deep in the Bay of Cadiz;

• The use of "artes de Cerco" (seine nets) is regulated under the Real Decreto
2349/1984 modified by Real Decreto 2751/1986 (BOE No 306, 23/12/1986)
and Real Decreto 139/1993 (BOE No 49 26/2/1993); and

• Trammels are subject to mesh and size restrictions. These nets can be used
within designated areas in Spanish Waters outside the special areas. Real
Decreto 1428/1997 and Annex VI from EC Regulation 894/97 include
specifications for the use of those nets.

Spain has also established a system of protected areas. With specific relevance to
Andalusia, the Parque Natural del Estrecho (PNE) has different zones corresponding
to varying levels of protection. Class A zones (those in dark blue) are known as
Zonas de Reserva. Fishing within these areas has been banned completely. The
area of Punta Carnero is one of them amongst others (see Figure 25 which shows
the exact location of these areas). In addition, the restricted zones within the Bay
include the area in front of the Refinery (for security purposes). Within these areas
there are restricted zones as shown in Figure 24.

Page 133

Published by: H.M. Government of Gibraltar
Ministry for the Environment
Duke of Kent House

Line Wall Road
Email: [email protected]

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