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TitleMalay Grammar Dictionary
TagsPlural Grammatical Gender Alphabet Consonant Syllable
File Size16.5 MB
Total Pages394
Document Text Contents
Page 2

Oa^i«^/Vii^j. ( .(fc

Page 197

DISSERTATION. clxx.\ui

I proceed, therefore, with the inquiry on this assumption,

endeavouring, at the same time, to show what the Malays and

Javanese themselves derived from strangers.

One of the first great steps in the progress of society is the
domestication of the useful animals, for food or labour, and this

great step has been immemorially taken by the Malays

tioiTofuse- and Javanese, as attested by the native names which
u ammai,.^^^^

^^^^^ ^^^ nearly all the domesticated animals.

The following arc their names in the two languages :



Dog.

Hog.

Domestic fowl.

Goat.

Buffalo.

Ox.

Horse.

Elephant.

Duck.

Goose.

Cat.

MALAY.

Anjing.

Babi.

Ayam.
Karubing, bebek.

Karbau.

Lambu, sapi.
Kuda.

Beram, gajah.

Itik, bebek.

Angsa.

Kuehing.

Asu.

Cheleng, bawi.

Pitik, ayam.

Wadus.
Kcibo, mahisa.

Sapi, banting.

Jaran, kuda.

Gnjah.

Bebek.

Gangsa.

Kuehing.

I have arranged the animals in the order in which it is pro-

bable they were respectively domesticated. With one exception,

all the animals enumerated are natives of Sumatra or Java, and

most, if not all of them, are still found in the wild state. The

exception is the goose, which has a Sanskrit name, and being

unknown in the wild state in all the Malayan countries, is,
without question, of foreign introduction. The popular name
for the elephant, everywhere, is the Sanskrit one, " gajah,^' but

as the animal is a denizen of the forests of the Peninsula and

Sumatra, the probability is that this has arisen from the Hindus

having instructed the natives in the art of taming it, a supposi-

tion corroborated by the fact, that all the gear and trappings of

the elephant, with the name of the conductor, are also Sanskrit.
Some of the names of the other animals above given, as will be
presently seen, have been widely diffused over many languages.

I may suppose the next material step in the advance of

Cultivation
socicty to be the raising of corn and fruits. The fol-

of plants, lowing are a few of the words connected with this

subject which have had a very wide difi'usion :



Page 198

clxxxiv DISSERTATION.

ENGLISH.

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