Download Living Shoreline Design Guidelines PDF

TitleLiving Shoreline Design Guidelines
File Size7.5 MB
Total Pages123
Table of Contents
                            Table of Contents
List of Figures
List of Tables
1 Introduction
	1.1 Statement of the Problem and Purose
	1.2 Chesapeake Bay Shorelines
		1.2.1 Physical Setting
		1.2.2 Hydrodynamic Setting
2 Site Evaluation
	2.1 Shoreline Vaiables
		2.1.1 Map Parameter Measurement
		2.1.2 Site Visit Parameters
	2.2 Coastal Profile
3 Design Considerations
	3.1 Selecting Shore Management Strategies
		3.1.1 Marsh Planting and Management
		3.1.2 Sills
		3.1.3 Marsh Toe Revetment/Sill
		3.1.4 Breakwaters
	3.2 Level of Protection
	3.3 Encroachment
	3.4 Costs
	3.5 Permits
4 Living Shorelines Case Studies
	4.1 Marsh Management
		4.1.1 Poole Marsh: Tabbs Creeks, Lancaster County, VA
		4.1.2 Lee Marsh: Corrotoman River, Lancester Co, VA
	4.2 Marsh Toe Revetment/Sill
		4.2.1 Hollerith Marsh Toe Revetment: East River Mathews Co, VA
	4.3 Sills
		4.3.1 Foxx: Sturgeon Creek, Middlesex Co, VA
		4.3.2 Polar Grove: East River, Mathews Co, VA
		4.3.3 Hull Springs Farm: Lower Machodoc Creek, Westmoreland Co, VA
	4.4 Breakwaters
		4.4.1 Van Dyke: James River, Isle of Wight Co, VA
5 Design Examples
	5.1 Medium Sill, Site 349, Piankatank River, Mathews, VA
	5.2 Small Low Sill, Site 118, East River, Mathews, VA
6 References
7 Glossary
8 Links for Additional Information
Appendix A Site Evaluation Worksheet.
Appendix B Design Criteria for Tidal Wetlands
Appendix C Additional Permit Information
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Living Shoreline Design Guidelines for
Shore Protection

in Virginia’s Estuarine Environments

Virginia Institute of Marine Science
College of William & Mary
Gloucester Point, Virginia

September 2010

Page 2

Living Shoreline Design Guidelines for
Shore Protection

in Virginia’s Estuarine Environments
Version 1.2

C. Scott Hardaway, Jr.
Donna A. Milligan

Shoreline Studies Program

Karen Duhring
Center for Coastal Resources Management

Virginia Institute of Marine Science
College of William & Mary
Gloucester Point, Virginia

Special Report in Applied Marine Science and Ocean Engineering No. 421

This project was funded by the Virginia Coastal Zone Management Program at the Department of Environmental Quality
through Grant #NA08NOS4190466 of the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration, under the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, as amended. The views expressed herein are those
of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA, or any of its

September 2010

Page 61

Figure 2-4. Photos showing nearshore bars and submerged aquatic vegetation. A) A VGIN 2009 photo
shows the channel into Cranes Creek in Northumberland County, Virginia. Sand bars north of the channel
will attenuate waves while the shoreline adjacent to the channel has no bars and will feel the full effect of
the waves impacting the shoreline. B) A VIMS aerial photo of Pond Point on the East River in Mathews,
Virginia (dated 21 April 2009) showing extensive SAV in the nearshore, as well as sand bars.




Sand Bars







Page 62

Figure 2-5. Map depicting the elevation difference between NAVD88 and MLLW in Chesapeake Day.
Data calculated using NOAA’s VDATUM grids. Datum transformation grid TSS was subtracted from
the MLLW datum transformation grid ( to obtain the
elevation differences.


Elevation Difference

NAVD88 and MLLW (ft)

Surge Level



Shore Profile

Page 122


• shellfish lease holders

• financial supporters

8. Document Site Conditions - conduct necessary or suggested environmental studies

• tree survey, tree preservation and removal plan

• wetland delineations, tidal and non-tidal

• Refine topography and bathymetry

• Mean Low Water survey,

• sediment samples, subtidal, intertidal, upland bank

• protected species

9. Modify project concept plan as needed based on pre-application review and environmental

10. Permit process plan - develop plan for simultaneous agency permit process, submission
and review requirements, what to expect, steps in the process, sequence, timeframe, public
hearing requirements

11. Communicate with property owner(s) to establish realistic expectations and understanding
of what the process entails including unannounced site visits by various parties, who will be
responsible for what (e.g. representation at public hearings, tolerance for project modifications,
sureties if required)

12. Prepare various applications as required, use most recent forms available

• Prepare Erosion and Sediment Control Plan, land disturbance permit application

• Prepare Water Quality Impact Assessment (WQIA)

• Prepare Joint Permit Application and drawings in 8.5x11 inch format

• Prepare Landscape restoration plan

13. Submit applications, project drawings and supporting documents to local government and
VMRC (as required)

Page 123



E & S Erosion & Sediment control

RPA Resource Protection Area

CBPA Chesapeake Bay Preservation Act

WQIA Water Quality Impact Assessment

JPA Joint Permit Application (local, state, federal)

NWP Nationwide Permit (federal)

RP Regional Permit (federal)

VMRC Virginia Marine Resources Commission

VIMS Virginia Institute of Marine Science

USACOE US Army Corps of Engineers

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