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TitleLiving Our Language: Ojibwe Tales And Oral Histories (Native Voices)
LanguageEnglish
File Size1.6 MB
Total Pages355
Table of Contents
                            Title Page
Copyright
Contents
Map
Introduction
Inaandagokaag: Balsam Lake (St. Croix)
	Chapter 1 - Archie Mosay
Misi-zaaga’igan: Mille Lacs
	Chapter 2 - Jim Clark
	Chapter 3 - Melvin Eagle
Gaa-waababiganikaag: White Earth
	Chapter 4 - Joe Auginaush
Miskwaagamiiwi-zaaga’igan: Red Lake
	Chapter 5 - Collins Oakgrove
Gaa-zagaskwaajimekaag: Leech Lake
	Chapter 6 - Emma Fisher
	Chapter 7 - Scott Headbird
	Chapter 8 - Susan Jackson
	Chapter 9 - Hartley White
	Chapter 10 - Porky White
Glossary
Suggestions for Further Reading
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 2

Native peoples telling their stories, writing their history

The Everlasting Sky: Voices of the Anishinabe People
Gerald Vizenor

Living Our Language: Ojibwe Tales and Oral Histories
Anton Treuer, editor

While the Locust Slept: A Memoir
Peter Razor

Page 177

taken away from us.* And those white people said this, “It is
good, it is in a good way that the Indians shall take this land.
They didn’t want to foolishly fight the white man.” The one called
Migizi, Bagone-giizhig had not consulted him or any of the Indians
anywhere about the killing of whites there. From over this way to
up there, up to the edge of Nisswa and also over there by Brainerd
as it was called, all the white people there were in an uproar.
Those sentiments intensified as the white people [thought about]
killing all the Indians. That Bagone-giizhig was just helping to
make things worse. So the one called Migizi here, he says, “No. We
are not fighting.” Then Bagone-giizhig himself said the same thing
about the situation. Then there was never any fighting again.
Migizi was thanked there for not going to war, and they were
given title to this land. That’s why it was written down in the
[treaty] that we own this here land. Some of them still made a
land cession. But they never ceded this here, or the trees, fish,
deer, and that rice. The Indians took care of those things. That
how the ones at Mille Lacs have been able to [keep the land]. So
they helped over that way, over there in the east, and they won
there too.† Up until then the white people were getting beaten.
“Not any longer,” he would say then.

[35] And that’s what those old men told me about. Always, I will
always remember what they told me in this good way, how we
kept our hold on this land so well. Well we didn’t do [bad] things
to this land when we migrated here on the waterways. And the
white people certainly didn’t paddle us over here. The Great Spirit
gave it to us so that we could take care of it. And that’s why we

Page 178

are able to do so today. So I help him with things since we have
been considered in such a wonderful way to be able to migrate
[here]. Always, I always remember how the people live so well on
the earth, how the Indian enjoys his life when he hunts.

My Rabbit Quest

[36] Something happened [one time] way off in the tules. We went
over that way. Not too far over that way we had been hanging up
[snares] and killing those rabbits. I thought that old man was
acting silly in the things I did with that old man at that time.
“Come, come on, come on let’s go snaring over there,” he tells me.
“Those rabbits.” “All right,” I tell him as we start running, making
noise with the little sack and backpack. And I must have been
fourteen years old when we went walking over that way. There’s a
huge swamp over that way. “Boy, we’ll hang these up by hand
and then come after our snares tomorrow,” I tell him. “No,” he
says. “No. We’ll hang a certain amount here so you can make
some kills. Different things must be taken into consideration about
the trail, the rabbit trail,” he says. “I’ll teach you as we do this. It
won’t be necessary for us to come after them tomorrow,” he said.
So, this swamp was so gigantic that as we hung snares there it
[seemed like] we hung snares throughout the whole thing. “Okay,
come start out. Go on. You go over towards that way. Come on.
Go this way here,” he says. “And then slide the [snares into
shape] while you are walking,” he says. So when I finally get over
there he’s waiting for me himself. There he told me to walk along

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SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER READING

Some of the speakers whose stories appear in this book have published
versions of the same stories and other tellings in the

or in the monolingual Ojibwe anthology . In
addition, some of the contributors have published their own books about
Ojibwe grammar and syntax, while others have had articles published
about them and their remarkable accomplishments. To assist readers
interested in researching the lives and language contributions of the
storytellers, an abbreviated list (excluding the numerous articles from
the ) follows.

Abrahamzon, Bernice. “Nebageshig, Grandson of Mosay, the Caterpillar.”
mid-September 1996, 7A.

———. “The Mosay Chiefs.” mid-September
1996, 6A.
———. “The Mosay Chiefs.” August 7, 1996,
10.
Associated Press. “Archie Mosay, Spiritual Leader of Ojibwe Indians.”

July 31, 1996.
Clark, James and Rick Gresczyk. . St. Paul: Eagle
Works, 1998.
———. . St. Paul: Eagle Works, 1992.
DeMain, Paul. “Neebageshig Passes On.” mid-

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August 1996, 1B.
Gardner, Bill. “Ojibway Spiritual Leader Archie Mosay Dies at 94.”

July 30, 1996, 1B, 3B.
Hanners, David. “Spirit World Now Beckons to Legendary Tribal Leader:
Hundreds Attend Funeral of Preserver of Ojibway Customs.”

July 30, 1996, 1B, 3B.
Hustvet, Julie. “Legacy Survives Death of Spiritual Leader Mosay.”

. 96.33 (August 8, 1996): 1, 12.
Knoche, Eldon. “St. Croix Band Chief Was Spiritual Advisor.”

August 1, 1996.
Losure, Mary. “American Indian Language Revival” (radio broadcast).
Washington, D.C.: , December 26, 1996.
Mosay, Archie. “Ojibwewi-gaagiigidowin” (radio interview). Reserve,
Wisconsin: WOJB 88.9fm, April 10, 1996.
Olson, Kathy. “Balancing the World: Archie Mosay, Chief of the St.
Croix.” November 1992, 8–11, 26.
Treuer, Anton. “Revitalizing Ojibwe Language and Culture” (radio
interview). Reserve, Wisconsin: WOJB 88.9fm, March 8, 1997.
———. . Princeton, New Jersey: Western Americana Press,
2000.
Woods, Amy. “Indian Spiritual Leader Archie Mosay Dies at 94.”

July 31, 1996.

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