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TitleLiving and Working in Austria
File Size4.6 MB
Total Pages117
Table of Contents
Foreword from the Board
1.  General
	1.1 Geography & Population
	1.2 The Political System
		1.2.1 Elections & Electoral Law
		1.2.2 Allocation of State Powers
	1.3 Human Rights & Fundamental Rights
	1.4 Federal Integration Act & Mandatory Integration Year
	1.5 Women in Austria
		1.5.1 Legal Gender Equality
		1.5.2 General
		1.5.3 Employment of Women in Austria
		1.5.4 The AMS Offers for Women
		1.5.5 Sexual Self-Determination
		1.5.6 Violence against Women
	1.6 Climate
	1.7 Migration, Languages & Religion
		1.7.1 Migration & Refugees
		1.7.2 Languages
		1.7.3 The Relation between State and Religion
	1.8 Culture, Clubs & Associations, Leisure, Sports
	1.9 Austrian & International Cuisine
	1.10 Labour Market Facts & Figures
	2.1 Residence of Persons Eligible for Asylum respectively Subsidiary Protection
	2.2 Compulsory Registration
3. Standard of Living
	3.1 Currency
	3.2 International Dialling Code
	3.3 Emergency Numbers
	3.4 Legal & Social Counselling
	3.5 Retail/Supermarkets Business Hours
	3.6 Opening a Bank Account
	3.7 Motor Vehicles
		3.7.1 Purchase of a Motor Vehicle
		3.7.2 Driving License
		3.7.3 Important Information related to Motor Vehicles When your Vehicle Breaks Down When you are Involved in an Accident Compulsory Obligation to Equip Vehicles with Winter Tyres Compulsory Obligation to Wear Seat Belts Compulsory Obligation to Wear a Helmet Motorway Vignette
	3.8 Housing
		3.8.1 Accommodation during the Asylum Proceedings
		3.8.2 Assistance in Finding Accommodation
		3.8.3 Important Information related to Housing Renting Costs at the Beginning of a Rental Contract Finding Accommodation in Daily Newspapers & on the Internet Eligibility for Council Housing (Gemeindewohnungen) Eligibility for Housing Association Accommodation (Genossenschaftswohnungen) Registration for Gas & Electricity Application for a Radio & TV License Registration of Fixed Network Phones, Mobile Phones & Internet Housing Subsidy Rules of Co-Existence
4. Seeking Employment in Austria
	4.1 Austrian Employment Service (AMS)
		4.1.1 Your First Appointment at AMS
		4.1.2 Offers Available on the AMS Website
		4.1.3 Special Offers for Persons Eligible for Asylum respectively Subsidiary Protection - Cross-Regional Apprenticeship Placement Referrals
	4.2 Job Vacancies Published in Daily Newspapers
	4.3 Private Recruitment Agencies & Hidden Labour Market
	4.4 Seasonal Work
	4.5 Application Documents
	4.6 Job Opportunities for Asylum Seekers
	4.7 Becoming Self-Employed
	4.8 Traineeship
5. Terms & Conditions of Employment
	5.1 Labour Law - Overview
	5.2 Bodies representing Employees
		5.2.1 Chambers of Labour and Austrian Trade Unions
		5.2.2 Works Council
	5.3 Terms and Conditions of Employment
		5.3.1 Employment Contract & Position Specification Statement Working Hours & Vacation Entitlements Employment Termination
		5.3.2 Short-Term Contracts as Independent Contractors (Freier Dienstvertrag)
		5.3.3 Contract for Work & Labour and New Self-Employed
		5.3.4 Self-Employment requiring a Business License
	5.4 Family Hospice & Filial Leaves
	5.5 Illegal Employment
6. Recognition of Foreign Graduation Certificates
	6.1 General
	6.2 Assistance Services for Persons with Qualifications Obtained Abroad
	6.3 Recognition of Academic Graduation and Assessment of Academic Diplomas
	6.4 Equivalence of Vocational Training (Completed Apprenticeship Training)
	6.5 School Graduation Certification - Nostrification & Assessment
	6.6 Recognition of Professions
		6.6.1 Teachers
		6.6.2 Health Sector Medical Doctors
		6.6.3 Lawyers
		6.6.4 Architects - Construction Engineers - Civil Engineers
	7.1 Income Tax & Employee Tax Assessment
8. Social Security
	8.1 Health Insurance
		8.1.1 Visiting a Doctor
		8.1.2 Emergencies
		8.1.3 Staying at a Hospital
		8.1.4 Co-insuring Relatives
		8.1.5 Medication
		8.1.6 Sickness Benefits
	8.2 Accident Insurance
	8.3 Pension Insurance
	8.4 Unemployment Insurance
		8.4.1 Monetary Benefits
	8.5 Means-Tested Minimum Benefits
9.  Living with Children
	9.1 Maternity Protection
		9.1.1 White & Blue Collar Employees, Apprentices & Minimum Income Employees
		9.1.2 Females Working on Short-Term Contracts as Independent Contractors
		9.1.3 Self-Employed Females
		9.1.4 Mother-Child Pass
	9.2 Before the Child Delivery
	9.3 After the Child Delivery
	9.4 Parental Leave, Childcare Allowance & Parental Part-Time Work
	9.5 Family Allowance
10. Education
	10.1 Overview of Education & Training in Austria
		10.1.1 Pre-School Facilities - Crèches, Kindergartens/Childcare Groups, Pre-Schools
		10.1.2 School (Primary and Secondary Level 1)
		10.1.3 Secondary Schools (Secondary Level 2)
		10.1.4 Learning German at School
	10.2 Teaching and School-Free Times
	10.3 School Notification & Annual Certificate
	10.4 Registering at Kindergarten & School
	10.5 Costs, Subsidies & Free Travel Pass for Public Transportation
	10.6 Initial Vocational Training - Apprenticeship
	10.7 Further Education at Universities
	10.8 Further Education & Adult Training
	10.9 German Language Courses, Basic Education & Graduation   from Compulsory Schooling
	10.10 Training Counselling & Assistance in Finding a Vocational Placement/Job
	11.1 Buying Affordable Foodstuffs - Team Österreich Tafel
	11.2 Clothing & Furnishings
	11.3 Family Reunion/Search for Relatives
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Living and Working
in Austria
Information for persons eligible for asylum
or subsidiary protection

AMS – For every facet of life.

Page 2

2Living and Working in Austria 2017

Dear Ladies & Gentlemen,

This brochure of the Public Employment
Service Austria (AMS) is aimed at all those
fleeing from war and persecution to Austria.
The information contained should provide a
good guide to living and working in Austria. We
not only wish to address those fleeing but also
gratefully support all those innumerable persons
in Austria voluntarily taking care of individuals
seeking refuge in our country and helping them
to integrate.

We have tried our best to put together the most practical as possible information related to living
and working in Austria. You will find information on finding accommodation, an initial overview of
the Austrian education and training system, practical tips related to finding school, apprenticeship
placement or German language courses as well as information related to health insurance benefits
and services in particular offered to expectant mothers or families with children. We also list numerous
established counselling points and supporting aids across Austria which can offer assistance regarding
recognition of foreign school certificates or legal issues.

Furthermore this brochure also covers basic information related to the Austrian political system and
the basic rules of co-existence along with the resulting rights and duties such as equal treatment of
men and women, protection of children, personal freedom, and much more.

We are aware that the path to the Austrian labour market is often anything but easy for many of
the refugees in our country. This is also a result of often strongly varying requirements as well as
educational and training systems.

Since German language skills and often also professional qualifications are in most cases the
milestones on the road to finding employment and successful integration, the Public Employment
Service Austria with the support of the Austrian Federal Government also offers a series of qualification
and support opportunities. This brochure also covers the basic details of these topics.

We would like to wish all our readers all the best for successful living and working in Austria.

Dr. Herbert Buchinger (on the right)
Chairman of the board

Dr. Johannes Kopf, LL.M. (on the left)
Member of the board

Foreword from the Board

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58Living and Working in Austria 2017

Asylum seekers may also perform community services for the federation, federal provinces and
municipalities. Contact directly the municipal office at your place of residence or any of the assistance
and counselling facilities.
From 1st of April 2017 not only persons eligible for asylum respectively subsidiary protection but also
asylum seekers who have been admitted to asylum proceedings for longer than three (3) months
can take on typical household services for private households (such as gardening, child minding,
cleaning, simple work in household). The prerequisite is observance of the low-income limit (€425.70
per month in 2017) and payment using “service cheques (Dienstleistungsschecks)”.

A “service cheque” is a mean of payment and wage for persons working in private households. The
“service cheque” includes accident insurance coverage and you can opt for voluntary health and
pension insurance.

On the “service cheque” the employer specifies your name, your social security number, the employer
name and day of employment.

You have to submit the “service cheque” not later than by the end of the subsequent month either
personally, by mail or using DLS-Online to Versicherungsanstalt für Eisenbahnen und Bergbau
(insurance institution for railways & mining) in 8010 Graz, Lessingstraße 20. Additionally, these
“cheques” can be submitted to the regional health insurance funds. The Versicherungsanstalt
für Eisenbahnen und Bergbau will immediately transfer the amount stated on your “service cheque”
to your current account or if you have no bank account – through a postal money order.

Asylum seekers may work as self-employed three (3) months after having been admitted to
asylum proceedings. You have to keep in mind that some professions require a business license
(Gewerbeberechtigung) which has to be applied for in advance. You have to perform work
independently, regularly and with the intention of making profit. Contact your nearest legal counselling
services for asylum seekers to obtain more information (see Chapter 3.4).

Additional information: (brochure: work opportunities for asylum seekers) (brochure: employment of persons eligible for asylum or subsidiary
protection, and asylum seekers) (“service cheque“ (Dienstleistungsscheck)) (skilled labour force in “shortage occupations”)

4.7 Becoming Self-Employed

If you are eligible for asylum respectively subsidiary protection you may set up your own business.
Before doing so, you should reconsider carefully what aims you pursue, whether you have enough
capital, and get informed on the legal prerequisites and conditions. Please contact the competent
assistance points at the Economic Chamber in your federal province where you can obtain advice in
several languages.

More details available at: (setting up a business – also in English) (counselling facilities) (counselling facilities in the federal provinces) (self-employment)

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59Living and Working in Austria 2017

4.8 Traineeship

Trainees are persons temporarily working in a company with focus on their occupational training.
The following prerequisites must be fulfilled:

► no obligation to work
► no entitlement to remuneration (no entitlement to wage/salary)
► traineeship’s primary objective is that you extend and deepen your skills and capabilities

The employer however has to take out accident insurance for you with the General Accident Insurance
Institution (Allgemeine Unfallversicherungsanstalt). You have neither health nor pension insurance
coverage. (trainees)

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116Living and Working in Austria 2017


11.1 Buying Affordable Foodstuffs, Team Österreich Tafel

Persons with low income can buy affordable foodstuffs in Soma shops, social and Vinzi
supermarkets. Warm and cold dishes can be eaten at some supermarkets. You need an entitlement
card to be able to buy foodstuffs at reduced prices.

For more information consult the website of the individual locations. Social markets are located in
Vienna, Lower Austria, Styria, Carinthia, Upper Austria, Tyrol and Salzburg. (Soma social supermarkets) (social supermarkets Upper Austria) (social supermarkets Carinthia) (social supermarkets Vienna) (social supermarkets Lower Austria) (social supermarkets Styria) (social supermarkets Salzburg)

At the Team Österreich Tafel service points you can obtain foodstuffs for free, subject to certain
prerequisites. (Lower Austria) (Vienna) (Burgenland) (Tyrol)

11.2 Clothing & Furnishings

You can buy affordable clothing and furnishings at Caritas Carla shops. Carla shops are listed at:

11.3 Family Reunion/Search for Relatives

Are your family members refugees or you have lost contact to your family in the country of origin?
Please contact the Red Cross Tracing & Message Service. (information on the Red Cross Tracing & Message Service in English,
French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, Dari and Farsi)

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117Living and Working in Austria 2017


Media owner & publisher:
Public Employment Service Austria (AMS)
Corporate Service & EURES department
Treustraße 35–43
1200 Wien

Project management & editorial:
Mag. Martha Isabel Rojas Pineda

Translation & editorial: a.b.t. austrian business translations
Graphic design & layout: cwgrafik, Wien
© Photos: title page: Fotolia, photo in the foreword by the board: Petra Spiola, map of Austria: cwgrafik

Published: January 2018

DISCLAIMER: the Public Employment Service Austria (AMS)/Corporate Service & EURES department as well as
persons involved in preparing this publication have carefully researched and drafted the contents hereof. Mistakes cannot
however be completely excluded. The aforesaid therefore accept no liability for correctness, completeness, and topicality
of the contents, and in particular no liability for any direct or indirect damages attributable to direct or indirect use of the
provided contents. Please contact the editorial office if you have any suggestions for corrections. No legal claims may be
derived herefrom.
The AMS accepts no responsibility for websites called up using the provided links. Links of the federal ministries are
subject to change by the federal ministries. We assume no accountability for printing and layout errors.

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