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                            equipment crossings, and other areas where existing light is not adequate for the work to be performed safely.
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Page 1

Final Report



Prepared by

Robert L. Vecellio, P.E.
John R. McCarthy, P.E.

December 2006

Page 2


The authors acknowledge the assistance of Civil Engineering graduate students

Laura Emily Fuqua and Shane M. Bergin who contributed to the literature review, the

review of the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices and the field investigations of

this project.

Page 65


Page 128


27. Box, Paul, “Major Road Accident Reduction by Illumination”, In Transportation
Research Record 1247, TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.,

28. Elvik, Rune, “Meta-Analysis of Evaluations of Public Lighting as Accident
Countermeasure”, In Transportation Research Record 1485, TRB, National
Research Council, Washington, D.C., July 1995.

29. Schwab, Richard, Walton, Ned, Mounce, John and Rosenbaum, Merton, Roadway

Lighting. Vol. 2, Report FHWA-TS-82-233. FHWA, U.S. Department of
Transportation, 1982.

30. Bruneau, Jean-Francois, Morin, Denis, and Pouliot, Marcel, “Safety of Motorway

Lighting”, In Transportation Research Record 1758, TRB, National Research
Council, Washington, D.C., 2001.

31. Park, Sang-Bin, and Kimberly D. Douglas, and Andrew S. Griffith, and Kevin J.

Hass., “Factors of Importance for Determining Daytime Versus Nighttime
Operations in Oregon”, In Transportation Research Record 1813, Transportation
Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 2002, pp. 305-

32. Bryden, James E., and Douglas Mace, “A Procedure for Assessing and Planning

Nighttime Highway Construction and Maintenance”, In NCHRP Report 475,
National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Washington, D.C., 2002.

33. Bryden, James E. and Douglas Mace, “Guidelines for Design and Operation of

Nighttime Traffic Control for Highway Maintenance and Construction”, In
NCHRP Report 476, National Cooperative Highway Research Program,
Washington, D.C., 2002.

34. Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, Federal Highway Administration,

Washington, D.C., 2003.

35. Alabama Department of Transportation, “TCP Notes U.S. Customary Units,
Rev. 12/4/2001”, Design Bureau website:

36. Alabama Department of Transportation, “Design Bureau Special Drawing
Number TCD-100: Details for Traffic Channelization Devices”, Index Number
1045, Dated 11/05/90, Revision 4 dated 8/18/97.

37. Alabama Department of Transportation, “Design Bureau Special Drawing
Number B-107-1: Barricades Type I, Type II, Type III and Vertical Panels”,
Index Number 901, Dated 7/20/87, Revision 1 dated 8/20/98.

38. Rosen & Heinman, Construction Specification Writing, Third Edition, John Wiley

Page 129


& Sons, New York, 1990

39. Durham, Clarence W, Contracts, Specifications and Law for Engineers, Second
Edition, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1971.

40. Crowley, Larry, “Class Notes: Specifications and Drawings”, Civil Engineering
Department, Auburn University, AL, undated.

41. Alabama Department of Transportation, “Standard Specifications for Highway
Construction”, 2006 Edition, ALDOT, Montgomery, AL.

42. Florida Department of Transportation, “Standard Specification 8-4.1”, FLDOT,
Tallahassee, FL, 2001.

43. Georgia Department of Transportation, “Supplemental Specifications Modifying

the1983 Standard Specification for Construction of Roads and Bridges”,
1989Edition, GDOT, Atlanta, GA.

44. New Jersey Department of Transportation, “Standard Specification 617.05”,
NJDOT, Trenton, NJ, November 2000.

45. North Carolina Department of Transportation, “Standard Specification Section

1412”, NCDOT, Raleigh, NC, February 2001.

46. Nova Scotia Department of Transportation & Public Works, “Night

WorkSpecification”, obtained from Gerard Kennedy, P. Eng - Project Engineer,
February 23, 2004.

47. Rhode Island Department of Transportation, “Job Specific Specifications for

Road and Bridge Construction”, RIDOT, Providence, RI, 1996.

48. Federal Highway Administration, Roadway Lighting Handbook, Washington,

DC, 1978.

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