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Titlelet the light of development spread over the chars
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Policy Recommendations
Policymakers at different levels ñ from the district to the national, and from the regional to the global

level ñ need to be informed of the complex implications of climate change on peopleís liveli¨hoods,

their food insecurity and subsequent migration patterns. In Bangladesh, the successes towards eradicat-

ing poverty and hunger that have been achieved in the past two decades are in danger of being

counteracted by climate change. Future potential is thus threatened, too. Recognizing the everyday lives

of rural people in Bangladesh and reflecting upon the key findings of this study, a number of policy

recommendations are formulated. Some of these recommendations may appear generic for the country

as a whole, while a few are specific for the case study area.

Peopleís sensitivity to rainfall variability, especially the extremely poor and the poor, needs to be

reduced and their food security needs to be enhanced. Efforts must be made to improve the planted

crop varieties and agricultural practices in order to protect livelihoods and ensure food security. New

varieties of hazard-resistant crops need to be introduced and made available to all local people. Efforts

must also be made to develop crops with high nutritional value that are simultaneously ìclimate safeî. It

is recommended that newly-introduced crop varieties and essential agricultural input should be made

ìfairî in terms of their prices. Revised and strengthened incentive packages should be designed and

facilitated that enable the poor to enhance their own food production, and thereby their competitiveness.

ìIntegrated pest managementî should be given incentives so that the excessive use of harmful chemicals

does not destroy open-water fisheries.

Poor and marginalized farmers should be supported in diversifying their sources of living and finding

alternatives to agriculture. More opportunities for gainful employment in the Kurigram dis¨trict ñ in

particular also for women ñ will improve the local peo¨pleís access to food. Their adaptive capacity to

live with hazards and rainfall variability should be enhanced. Better early warning and messaging

systems need to be developed and implemented. Further efforts must be made to gradually enhance

peopleís adaptive capacity as well as to reduce their sensitivity to sudden-onset climate hazards as well

as to variability-related climate risks. The adaptive capacity of the poor can indeed be enhanced by

building human capital (through skill enhancement and training), physical capital (by building adaptive

infrastructure, etc.), natural capital (by enhancing and creating poor peopleís access to com¨mon

property regimes) and through systematic investment in social development processes.

There is need to continue the focus on education and targeting of poor and extremely poor HHs in terms

of access to education and social safety-net (SSN) programmes in order to improve their social and

economic chances in the future. The respective families require improved incentives to invest in their

childrenís educa¨tion. Further investments into the existing disaster risk reduction mechanisms are

necessary so that ñ in case of a natural hazard ñ peopleís losses can be minimized and the erosion of

their assets can be stopped.


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It is necessary to facilitate migration rather than to fight it in a bid to provide a better chance for the

poor and the extremely poor to avoid hunger. Migration should not be seen as ìfailure of adaptationî

and discouraged, but rather as an ìadequate way of adaptationî and supported. Since the extremely

poor peopleís lack of resources is the key barrier to their ability to migrate, micro-credits and available

financial instruments could be developed further in order to assist them in migrating. The aspiring poor

need to acquire skills so that they can find gainful employment, optimally in the growing urban economy

rather than in the agriculture sector, which might be affected by climate change, too. State-run

programmes might have to be realigned, with particular focus on the nationís climate change ìhotspotsî

so that the most vulnerable, including women and artisan fishers (who have no other skills), also find

better conditions to apply their knowledge and skills elsewhere.

The vulnerability of migrantsí HHs must be recognized and reduced at both ends ñ in the migrantsí

home villages and at their places of destination. The rights of labour migrants need be strengthened and

their working and living conditions must be improved at the destinations. The protection of both female

mi¨grants and the women left at home needs special attention. The social costs borne by the female

members of the migrantsí HHs must be taken care of through the involvement of local govern¨ment

institutions and the strict implementation of legal regimes


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Naksha Impressions Ltd.
e-mail: [email protected]

[email protected]

Unnayan Shamannay
Happy Rahman Plaza (4h floor),
25-26 Kazi Nazrul Islam Avenue,
Banglamotor, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Tel: 880-2-58610332

[email protected]



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