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Page 475


in the name of the LORD, saying, This house shall
become like Shiloh and this city shall become desolate
without inhabitant? And all the people had assem-
bled against Jeremiah in the house of the LORD.
(10) And hearing these things, the princes of Judah
went up from the house of the king to the house of
the LORD and sat down at the entrance of the New
Gate of the LORD.

Jeremiah was a soldier on a holy crusade, carrying out

the instructions of his heavenly Superior. Acting under a
divine directive (vv. 1-3), Jeremiah preaches a stirring
message (vv. 4-6) which arouses the anger of those who
heard him (vv. 7-10) and nearly costs him his life.

1. A divine directive ( 2 6 : 1 -3 )

Four specific points relating to a divine directive
which came to Jeremiah are brought out in verses 1-3.
First, there is a word as to the time of the directive. The
word of the Lord came to the prophet "in the beginning
of the reign of king Jehoiakim" (v. 1). This probably re-
fers to the year 608 B.C. Righteous Josiah had been slain
the year before in the battle of Megiddo; Jehoahaz his
son had been able to hold the throne only three months
before being deposed and deported by Pharaoh Necho.
Now wicked Jehoiakim was sitting on the throne of David.
These were turbulous times. World supremacy was being
contested on the banks of the Euphrates river. No doubt
the inhabitants of Jerusalem were jittery. Would the com-
bined force of the Assyrian and Egyptian armies be able
to withstand the armies of the Chaldeans There were
ominous implications for Judah no matter which force
emerged as world conqueror.

The divine directive contains a specific word as the
place Jeremiah is to preach (v. 2). He is to go to the


Page 947

TOPHETH The word is used eight times in Jeremiah.
Topheth is thought to be the pit in which
human victims were burned in the valley
of Hinnom (7:31). Topheth would be defiled
by the slaughter which will befall Judah
and corpses would be buried there (7:32;
19:6, 11). The entire city of Jerusalem also
be defiled like Topheth (19:12-14).

TYRE The most prominent city of Phoenicia. See map
page 144a. Tyre must drink the cup of divine
wrath (25:22) and submit to the yoke of
Babylon (27:3). In the day of judgment all
helpers of Tyre would be cut off (47:4).

UPHAZ A distant land from which the idolaters of
Judah secured gold to be used in the manu-
facture of idols (10:9). The location is un-
certain but is thought to be E of Canaan.
Some identify Uphaz with Ophir.

UZ A region in close proximity to Edom (Lam.
4:21) whose kings must drink the cup of
divine wrath (25:20).


ZIMRI A people whose location is unknown. They are
mentioned among those who must drink the
cup of divine wrath (25:25).

ZION In Jeremiah, Zion is synonymous with
Jerusalem. In prophetic passages, Zion
becomes a designation for the church of
Christ. (31:6, 12). The term is used seventeen
times in Jeremiah and sixteen times in

ZOAR The city at the SE corner of the Dead Sea
into which Lot and his daughters fled. In
the days of Jeremiah Zoar was the southernm-
ost city of Moab (48:34).


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