Download Ironing and Pressing Equipment PDF

TitleIroning and Pressing Equipment
TagsTextiles Steam Clothing Fashion & Beauty Boiler
File Size1.2 MB
Total Pages39
Table of Contents
                            Sleeve buck medium Ø 85 mm
Egg-shaped buck small Ø 85 mm
Hip bow buck Ø 85 mm
Trouser Seam Buck with plinth Ø85mm
Triple jacket seam buck (Varioset)
Collar buck 85Ø
Sleeve buck Junior Ø 85mm
Jacket lining buck (convex) Ø 120
	Advancements in pressing technology focus on:
	Greater versatility
	More precision in determining exact pressing requirement of fabrics and finishes
	Improved quality
	Energy savings
	Microprocessors with a wide variety of settings can control factors such as conveyor speed, steam and air volume, and temperatures. Computers are used to determine settings and control the processing so each garment is treated in exactly the same manner.
	Energy efficiency of pressing systems have been improved by
	Increasing insulation to prevent heat loss
	Developing self-containing systems so that source of heat and steam is closer to pressing unit
	Including vacuum systems to reduce the amount of heat and steam needed for effective pressing.
	Portability has been achieved in certain systems by including steam generator and pressing devices in a self-contained unit
	Automation has been made possible for buck presses and steam tunnels ensuring consistency throughout the operation of pressing.
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Fabric & Garment
Finishing

Ironing And Pressing
Machine
A brief about the equipments, machines, attachments,
temperature, presser used for garment ironing and
finishing.

Compiled by:

Shilpi
B.F.Tech, Sem VI
NIFT Mumbai
4/2/2012

Page 2

Introduction
In the garment industry, equipment for handling fabrics with damp heat to iron
surfaces, fold edges, iron out seams, shape flat parts, and raise the pile during
the manufacture of clothing. Ironing and pressing equipment shapes the semi
finished garment by bringing the fabric fibers into a highly elastic state and
then deforming and setting them.

Need for Ironing/Pressing

• To smooth away unwanted creases and crush marks:- these are
normally caused by bad operator handling.

• To make creases where the designs of the garment requires them:- for
eg creases in trousers and skirts.

• To mould the garment to the contour of the body: - this is done for the
enhancement of it shape. It requires two kinds of deformation i.e.
shrinking and stretching. After moulding it is not possible to return the
garment to its original shape. For eg: - moulding takes place are around
the ends of darts, collars, shoulders, armholes and sleeve heads and
sometimes trouser legs.

Presses
Garments are pressed between a lower and upper board. This process involves
less manual work than using an ironing table, so more garments per hour can
be finished on a press.

Finishers
Finishers are used for specific types of garments, e.g. trousers, jackets or
shirts. The finishing process is highly automated and such equipment is
therefore suitable for large volumes of a specific type of garment.

Pressing:

• To refinish the fabric after manufacturing the garment: - to give the final
neat appearance to the finished product.

• Involves no sliding of the iron. The iron is placed on the fabric and then
lifted.

• Moisture is added from a pressing cloth or steam in the iron.
• This procedure is good for wool clothing and loose or bulky textures.
• It is often done to apparel between wearing. It is also done while

constructing garments.
• It prepares garments for further sewing: - it is also called as under

pressing. It is pressing operations on partly finished garments.

2

Page 19

Convex ironing station

Curtain ironing table:

19

Page 20

-an ironing surface of 3000X700 mm

Covering the ironing table:
The durability of the covering is depending on different factors like pressure
resistance, hydrolysis resistance and most important heat resistance of the
used materials.
Long lasting coverings are more expensive but they offer a constantly good
ironing result and reduce machine breakdown time as they extend the
replacement interval.
Every single layer of an ironing table covering serves a special purpose in
order to achieve the optimum ironing result. Unheated ironing tables do not
require a heat resistant lower padding.
All layers together are responsible for the equal distribution of the steam
which should come out of the covering as a homogenous cloud.
The covering starts at the metal surface of the ironing table:

1. Rough wire mesh
Besides the steam spreading it also improves the vacuum suction.

2. Lower padding (about 4 – 6 mm thick)
At least this padding should be heat resistant and durable as you will have to
remove all above layers when it has to be replaced. A hard VOMAPOR
silicone/foam or REHAU foamed silicone is advisable.
Sometimes a Nomex needle felt is used as a lower padding.
The lower padding protects the above paddings and the clothing from too big
heat.

20

Page 38

Wool Use a damp cloth between iron and fabric. Iron on
wrong side. Wool requires a moderate
temperature and always needs some moisture.
Do NOT press completely dry. For right-side
pressing, protect the fabric with a wool press
cloth. Avoid heavy pressure on most woolens.

.

Technological Advancement

Advancements in pressing technology focus on:
Greater versatility

38

Page 39

More precision in determining exact pressing requirement of fabrics and
finishes
Improved quality
Energy savings

Microprocessors with a wide variety of settings can control factors such as
conveyor speed, steam and air volume, and temperatures. Computers are
used to determine settings and control the processing so each garment is
treated in exactly the same manner.

Energy efficiency of pressing systems have been improved by
Increasing insulation to prevent heat loss
Developing self-containing systems so that source of heat and steam is
closer to pressing unit
Including vacuum systems to reduce the amount of heat and steam needed
for effective pressing.
Portability has been achieved in certain systems by including steam
generator and pressing devices in a self-contained unit
Automation has been made possible for buck presses and steam tunnels
ensuring consistency throughout the operation of pressing.

39

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