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TitleIowa Transportation Laws
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Document Text Contents
Page 1

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IOWA HIGHWAY RESEARCH BOARD
PROJECT HR-234

IOWA TRANSPORTATION LAWS
(Annotated)

1985

Prepared by lhe

Office of the
Iowa Attorney General

In cooperation wllh lhe

HIGHWAY DIVISION
of the

IOWA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

June 1985

Page 2

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FOREWORD

Research project HR-234 was sponsored by the Iowa Highway Research Board
and the Iowa Department of Transportation.

In the preparation of this compilation of highway and street laws of Iowa,
an attempt has been made to include those sections of the Code to which
reference is frequently required by the Department of Transportation, coun-
ties, cities and towns in their conduct of highway and street adminis-
tration, construction and maintenance.

Because of the broad scope of highway and street work and the many interre-
lated provisions of Iowa law, and in the interests of keeping this volume
in a convenient and usable size, some Code provisions which have some bear-
ing on the principal subject were of necessity omitted. The volume has
been compiled in loose leaf form with the expectation that periodic updates
will keep the reader informed regarding changes in the law and/or new laws.

A general index is provided at the end of the text of this volume. Each
major topic is divided into relevant subtopics and are accompanied by
appropriate Code sections.

This publication is offered with the hope and belief that it will prove to
be of value and assistance to those concerned with the problems of estab-
1 ishing, maintaining and administering a highway and street system.

The reader is cautioned to consult legal counsel on all matters beyond the
scope of this text.

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384.53

19. Compromise and settlement. I
City was authorized to make supplemental contract constituting settlement

and discharge of controversy with paving contractor by paying additional
compensation. City of Des Moines v. Horrabin, 204 Iowa 683, 215 N.W. 967
(1927).

Compromise and accord and satisfaction binding. First Nat. Bank v. City I
of Emmetsburg, 157 Iowa 555, 138 N.W. 451 (1912). ,

20. Removal of materials.
City was not entitled to materials in walk where it refused to accept the I

walk. Guthrie v. M'Murren, 167 Iowa 154, 149 N.W. 71 (1914).
Forfeiture provision did not prevent removal of materials by ·

contractor. Snouffer & Ford v. City of Tipton, 161 Iowa 223, 142 N.W. 97
(1913).

21. Egu i pment, purchase of. I
May be purchased from street construction fund for maintenance

purposes. O.A.G. 1946, p. 63.

22. Assignment of contract. I'.
Assignment of paving contract invalid without consent of city. Sioux

City v. Western Asphalt Paving Corporation, 223 Iowa 279, 271 N.W. 624 (1937).

23. Modification of contract.
Where contract is modified the modification must be impeached before it I

can be claimed the original contract was not performed. In re Mayden, 156
Iowa 157, 135 N.W. 571 (1912).

24. Reformation of contract.
City may treat contract as reformed to conform to the real agreement. I

Fullerton v. City of Des Moines, 147 Iowa 254, 126 N.W. 159 (1910). , .

25. Cancellation or rescission of contract.
Contractor holding assessment certificates could not rescind on grounds

that assessments were excessive. Anderson-Deering Co. v. City of Boone, 201 I·
Iowa 1129, 205 N.W. 984 (1925).

Facts held to show illegality not cured. Allen v. City of Davenport, 107
Iowa 90, 77 N.W. 532 (1898).

26. Pleading.
Invalid assessment enjoined. Allen v. City of Davenport, 132 F. 209

(1904).

27. Injunction.
Fraud justifying injunction not shown. Swan v. City of Indianola, 142

Iowa 731, 121 N.W. 547 (1909).
Injunction would lie where there was a substantial departure from the

contract. McCain v. City of Des Moines, 128 Iowa 331, 103 N.W. 979 (1905).

28. Evidence.
Extension of time. Miller v. Incorporated Town of Milford, 224 Iowa 753,

276 N.W. 826, 114 A.L.R. 1423 (1938).
Expert opinion in regard to substantial compliance. Sioux City v.

Western Asphalt Paving Corporation, 223 Iowa 279, 271 N.W. 624, 109 A.L.R. 608
(1937).

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384.54

Testimony held incompetent to establish claim. Love v. City of Des
Moines, 210 Iowa 90, 230 N.W. 373 (1930).

Evidence of usual compensation bears on contention of what agreed price
really was. Goben v. Akin, 208 Iowa 1354, 227 N.W. 400 (1929).

Evidence showed substantial compliance. Vail v. City of Chariton, 181
Iowa 296, 164 N.W. 597 (1917). Atkinson v. Webster City, 177 Iowa 659, 158
N.W. 473 (1916). Gilchrest & Co. v. City of Des Moines, 131 N.W. 776 (Iowa
1911).

Evidence showed contractor failed to substantially comply with
contract. Wingert v. Snouffer & Ford, 134 Iowa 98, 108 N.W. 1035 (1906),
rehearing denied, 134 Iowa 97, 111 N.W. 432.

Evidence admissable to show acts of city engineer indicating grade.
Slusser, Taylor & Co. v. City of Burlington, 47 Iowa 300 (1877}.

29. Questions for jury.
Amount and time of payment. Goben v. Des Moines Asphalt Paving Co., 218

Iowa 829, 252 N.W. 262 (1934).
Whether compensation claimed was unreasonable. Goben v. Des Moines

Asphalt Paving Co., 214 Iowa 834, 239 N.W. 62.
Issue of substantial compliance. Central Trust Co. v. City of Des

Moines, 204 Iowa 678, 216 N.W. 41 (1927).
Authority of councilman in charge of improvements to let contract.

Wayman v. City of Cherokee, 204 Iowa 675, 215 N.W. 655.
Whether settlement constituted on accord and satisfaction. Goben v. Des

Moines Asphalt Paving Co., 204 Iowa 466, 215 N.W. 508 (1927).
Amount of grading done - dispute due to inaccuracy of bench mark.

Guthrie v. City of Dubuque, 105 Iowa 653, 75 N.W. 500.

30. Instructions.
As to negligent performance of work. Goben v. Des Moines Asphalt Paving

Co., 218 Iowa 829, 252 N.W. 262 (1934).
Contract may be established by evidence other than record of proceedings

of council. Collins v. City of Dubuque, 29 Iowa 597 (1870).

31. Review.
Injunction would not lie where taxpayer did not serve notice of appeal

til city and contractor had settled claims. Horrabin v. Iowa City, 160 Iowa
650, 142 N.W. 212 (1913).

384.54 Confinnation by Decree

1. Validity.
Grant to district court of power to find that benefited properties had

been omitted and to order their inclusion in assessment district. In re
Bowdoin St., City of Des Moines, 35 N.W.2d 571 (Iowa 1949).

2. Construction and application.
Statute did not authorize trial court to determine whether piece of

property within assessment district was not specially benefited. City of
Clive v. Iowa Concrete Block & Material Co., 298 N.W.2d 585 (Iowa 1980).

Deficiencies between cost of improving gravel road and permissable amount
of assessments against property within special assessment district. Id.

Provision of former I 391.90, requiring trial court in equity to make
public improvement assessment that should have been made or to direct city
council to do so. Persinger v. Sioux City, 257 Iowa 727, 133 N.W.2d 110
(1965}.

329

Page 624

WATERS AND WATERCOURSES--cont.
Ditches, see DRAINAGE, DRAINAGE

AND LEVEE DISTRICTS
Drainage, see DRAINAGE AND LEVEE

DISTRICTS
Easements, federal water resources

projects, 306.39, 306.40
Flood protection in cities, 384.24
Lakes

Boundaries, state land,
determined, 111.20-111.23

Destructive acts, prohibited,
111.35

Levees, see DRAINAGE AND LEVEE
DISTRICTS

Nuisances
Abatement, 657.3-657.7
Watercourse obstructions, 657.2
Water pollution, 657.2(4)

Obstructions
Drains, penalty, 319.7, 319.8
Nuisances, 657.2(3)

Ponds, pollution as nuisance,
657.2(4), 657.3

Railroad, right to bridge across·
watercourse, 327F.l, 327F.2

Recreational areas
Application, 111.61, 111.62
Condemnation and land

acquisition, 111.75
Contract with land and levee

districts, 111.76
Hearing, notice, order, 111.63-

111.68
Municipal, establishment, 111.59
Permits, 111.59-111.74
Petition, contents, 111.61
Prohibited near state

boundaries, 111.77
Public access and use, 111.71

Riparian owners
Boundary rivers and streams,

327F.4, 327F.5
Railroads along boundary rivers,

327F .5
Right of access to stream after

condemnation, 471.12
Rivers and streams

Bridges, see BRIDGES AND
CULVERTS

Change by railroads, limitation,
471.13, 471.14

Change by supervisors, 306.27-
306 .37

Mississippi and Missouri rivers

648

WATERS AND WATERCOURSES--cont.
Rivers and streams--cont.

Mississippi and Missouri rivers-
-cont.
Bridge purchase, 313.66
Railroad crossing near river,

327G.22
Obstruction, nuisance when

unlawful,, 657.2(3)
Railroads, right to change,

471.13. 471.14
Right of way, telegraph and

telephone lines, 477.1
Telegraph and telephone lines,

crossing, 477.1
Violations, ditches or drains,

obstructing, 319.7, 319.8
Watercourses

Change
Bridge requirement, 455.118
Road benefits, supervisor's

power, 306.27-306.37
Drains, private, to follow

natural course, 465.22

WEEDS
Generally, ch. 317
Botanist, state, duties, 317.2
Commissioner, county weed, 317.3-

317.18
Cost of treatment for eradication,

317.16-317.21
County attorney, duties, 317.23
County board of supervisors,

duties, 317.3, 317.4, 317.9,
317.11-317.13, 317.17-317.21

Dipsacus, sale or distribution
prohibited, 317.25

Enumerated, 317.1
Highway maintenance personnel,

duties, 317 .22
Landowners' duties, 317.10,

317 .13-317 .21
Noxious, 317 .1
Nuisance, 657.2(12)
Railroad lands, 317.9, 317.12,

327F.27, 327F.28
Road clearing fund, 317.19
Secretary of agriculture, duties,

317.8
Seeds, 317.25
Teasel, sale or distribution

prohibited, 317.25
Violations, 317.24, 317.25

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Page 625

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WEIGHTS AND lt:ASffiES
Motor vehicles, weighing loads,

321. 463-321. 475
Public scales, 321.465

WIRES
Cables laid under streets, 384.40
Erection on highways, 319.5
Poles, see POLES AND WIRES
Regulation, city, 364.2
Removal from highway, procedure,

319.1-319.9

ZONING LAW
Billboards, 306C.10-306C.23
Certiorari to court of record,

358A.19, 358A.20
Commission authorized, duties,

358A.8
County, ch. 358A, see COUNTY
Junkyards, 306C.l-306C.9

649

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