Download Introduction to Engineering Mechanics PDF

TitleIntroduction to Engineering Mechanics
File Size10.2 MB
Total Pages491
Table of Contents
                            Cover
Title Page
Copyright
Contents
Preface
About the Authors
1 Introduction
	1.1 A Motivating Example: Remodeling an Underwater Structure
	1.2 Newton’s Laws: The First Principles of Mechanics
	1.3 Equilibrium
	1.4 Definition of a Continuum
	1.5 Mathematical Basics: Scalars and Vectors
	1.6 Problem Solving
	1.7 Examples
		Example 1.1
		Example 1.2
	1.8 Problems
	Notes
2 Strain and Stress in One Dimension
	2.1 Kinematics: Strain
		2.1.1 Normal Strain
		2.1.2 Shear Strain
		2.1.3 Measurement of Strain
	2.2 The Method of Sections and Stress
		2.2.1 Normal Stresses
		2.2.2 Shear Stresses
	2.3 Stress–Strain Relationships
	2.4 Equilibrium
	2.5 Stress in Axially Loaded Bars
	2.6 Deformation of Axially Loaded Bars
	2.7 Equilibrium of an Axially Loaded Bar
	2.8 Indeterminate Bars
		2.8.1 Force (Flexibility) Method
		2.8.2 Displacement (Stiffness) Method
	2.9 Thermal Effects
	2.10 Saint-Venant’s Principle and Stress Concentrations
	2.11 Strain Energy in One Dimension
	2.12 A Road Map for Strength of Materials
	2.13 Examples
		Example 2.1
		Example 2.2
		Example 2.3
		Example 2.4
		Example 2.5
		Example 2.6
		Example 2.7
		Example 2.8
		Example 2.9
	2.14 Problems
	Case Study 1: Collapse of the Kansas City Hyatt Regency Walkways
		Problems
	Notes
3 Strain and Stress in Higher Dimensions
	3.1 Poisson’s Ratio
	3.2 The Strain Tensor
	3.3 Strain as Relative Displacement
	3.4 The Stress Tensor
	3.5 Generalized Hooke’s Law
	3.6 Limiting Behavior
	3.7 Properties of Engineering Materials
		Ferrous Metals
		Nonferrous Metals
		Nonmetals
	3.8 Equilibrium
		3.8.1 Equilibrium Equations
		3.8.2 The Two-Dimensional State of Plane Stress
		3.8.3 The Two-Dimensional State of Plane Strain
	3.9 Formulating Two-Dimensional Elasticity Problems
		3.9.1 Equilibrium Expressed in Terms of Displacements
		3.9.2 Compatibility Expressed in Terms of Stress Functions
		3.9.3 Some Remaining Pieces of the Puzzle of General Formulations
	3.10 Examples
		Example 3.1
		Example 3.2
	3.11 Problems
	Notes
4 Applying Strain and Stress in Multiple Dimensions
	4.1 Torsion
		4.1.1 Method of Sections
		4.1.2 Torsional Shear Stress: Angle of Twist and the Torsion Formula
		4.1.3 Stress Concentrations
		4.1.4 Transmission of Power by a Shaft
		4.1.5 Statically Indeterminate Problems
		4.1.6 Torsion of Inelastic Circular Members
		4.1.7 Torsion of Solid Noncircular Members
		4.1.8 Torsion of Thin- Walled Tubes
	4.2 Pressure Vessels
	4.3 Transformation of Stress and Strain
		4.3.1 Transformation of Plane Stress
		4.3.2 Principal and Maximum Stresses
		4.3.3 Mohr’s Circle for Plane Stress
		4.3.4 Transformation of Plane Strain
		4.3.5 Three-Dimensional State of Stress
	4.4 Failure Prediction Criteria
		4.4.1 Failure Criteria for Brittle Materials
		4.4.2 Yield Criteria for Ductile Materials
	4.5 Examples
		Example 4.1
		Example 4.2
		Example 4.3
		Example 4.4
		Example 4.5
		Example 4.6
		Example 4.7
		Example 4.8
		Example 4.9
		Example 4.10
		Example 4.11
	4.6 Problems
	Case Study 2: Pressure Vessel Safety
		Why Are Pressure Vessels Spheres and Cylinders?
		Why Do Pressure Vessels Fail?
		Problems
	Notes
5 Beams
	5.1 Calculation of Reactions
	5.2 Method of Sections: Axial Force, Shear, Bending Moment
		Axial Force in Beams
		Shear in Beams
		Bending Moment in Beams
	5.3 Shear and Bending Moment Diagrams
		Rules and Regulations for Shear and Bending Moment Diagrams
	5.4 Integration Methods for Shear and Bending Moment
	5.5 Normal Stresses in Beams
	5.6 Shear Stresses in Beams
	5.7 Examples
		Example 5.1
		Example 5.2
		Example 5.3
		Example 5.4
		Example 5.5
		Example 5.6
	5.8 Problems
	Case Study 3: Physiological Levers and Repairs
		The Forearm Is Connected to the Elbow Joint
		Fixing an Intertrochanteric Fracture
		Problems
	Notes
6 Beam Deflections
	6.1 Governing Equation
	6.2 Boundary Conditions
	6.3 Solution of Deflection Equation by Integration
	6.4 Singularity Functions
	6.5 Moment Area Method
	6.6 Beams with Elastic Supports
	6.7 Strain Energy for Bent Beams
	6.8 Flexibility Revisited and Maxwell- Betti Reciprocal Theorem
	6.9 Examples
		Example 6.1
		Example 6.2
		Example 6.3
		Example 6.4
	6.10 Problems
	Notes
7 Instability: Column Buckling
	7.1 Euler’s Formula
	7.2 Effect of Eccentricity
	7. 3 Examples
		Example 7.1
		Example 7.2
	7.4 Problems
	Case Study 4: Hartford Civic Arena
	Notes
8 Connecting Solid and Fluid Mechanics
	8.1 Pressure
	8.2 Viscosity
	8.3 Surface Tension
	8.4 Governing Laws
	8.5 Motion and Deformation of Fluids
		8.5.1 Linear Motion and Deformation
		8.5.2 Angular Motion and Deformation
		8.5.3 Vorticity
		8.5.4 Constitutive Equation (Generalized Hooke’s Law) for Newtonian Fluids
	8.6 Examples
		Example 8.1
		Example 8.2
		Example 8.3
		Example 8.4
	8.7 Problems
	Case Study 5: Mechanics of Biomaterials
		Nonlinearity
		Composite Materials
		Viscoelasticity
		Problems
	Notes
9 Fluid Statics
	9.1 Local Pressure
	9.2 Force Due to Pressure
	9.3 Fluids at Rest
	9.4 Forces on Submerged Surfaces
	9.5 Buoyancy
	9.6 Examples
		Example 9.1
		Example 9.2
		Example 9.3
		Example 9.4
		Example 9.5
	9.7 Problems
	Case Study 6: St. Francis Dam
		Problems
	Note
10 Fluid Dynamics: Governing Equations
	10.1 Description of Fluid Motion
	10.2 Equations of Fluid Motion
	10.3 Integral Equations of Motion
		10.3.1 Mass Conservation
		10.3.2 F = ma, or Momentum Conservation
		10.3.3 Reynolds Transport Theorem
	10.4 Differential Equations of Motion
		10.4.1 Continuity, or Mass Conservation
		10.4.2 F = ma, , or Momentum Conservation
	10.5 Bernoulli Equation
	10.6 Examples
		Example 10.1
		Example 10.2
		Example 10.3
		Example 10.4
		Example 10.5
		Example 10.6
	10.7 Problems
	Notes
11 Fluid Dynamics: Applications
	11.1 How Do We Classify Fluid Flows?
	11.2 What’s Going on Inside Pipes?
	11.3 Why Can an Airplane Fly?
	11.4 Why Does a Curveball Curve?
	11.5 Problems
	Notes
12 Solid Dynamics: Governing Equations
	12.1 Continuity, or Mass Conservation
	12.2 F = ma, or Momentum Conservation
	12.3 Constitutive Laws: Elasticity
	Note
References
Appendix A: Second Moments of Area
Appendix B: A Quick Look at the Del Operator
	Divergence
		Physical Interpretation of the Divergence
		Example
	Curl
		Physical Interpretation of the Curl
		Examples
	Laplacian
Appendix C: Property Tables
Appendix D: All the Equations
Index
                        

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