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TitleInternational Review of the Red Cross, Revue Internationale de la Croix-Rouge, March 2000, Mars ...
LanguageEnglish
File Size36.4 MB
Total Pages296
Table of Contents
                            Cover Page
Title Page
Table of Contents
Editorial
A Note from the Editor
Conflict in the Balkans: Human tragedies and the challenge to independent humanitarian action. By PIERRE KRÄHENBÜHL
	Résumé - Conflit dans les Balkans: tragédies humaines et défis pour l'action humanitaire indépendante
After the Kosovo conflict, a genuine humanitarian space: A utopian concept or an essential requirement? By BÉATRICE MÉGEVAND ROGGO
	Résumé - Après la crise du Kosovo, un véritable espace humanitaire: une utopie peu réaliste ou une condition essentielle?
L'action de l'Agence centrale de recherches du CICR dans les Balkans durant la crise des réfugiés kosovars. Par THIERRY SCHREYER
	Abstract - Activities of the ICRC's Central Tracing Agency in the
Balkans during the Kosovar refugee crisis
Common Article 1 of the Geneva Conventions revisited: Protecting collective interests. By LAURENCE BOISSON DE CHAZOURNES and LUIGI CON
DORELLI
	Résumé - L'article premier commun aux Conventions de Genève revisité: protéger les intérêts collectifs
«L'intervention d'humanité» de l'OTAN au Kosovo et la règle du non-recours à la force. Par  DJAMCHID MOMTAZ
	Abstract - NATO'S "humanitarian intervention" in Kosovo and the prohibition of the use of force
Intervention armée des forces de l'OTAN au Kosovo. Par PÉTER KOVÁCS
	Abstract - Armed intervention in Kosovo: the legal basis of the NATO forces' obligation to respect international humanitarian law
International humanitarian law and the Kosovo crisis: Lessons learned or to be learned. By JAMES A. BURGER
	Résumé - Le droit international humanitaire et la crise du Kosovo - Une leçon pour l'avenir
Kosovo 1999: The air campaign. By PETER ROWE
	Résumé - Kosovo 1999: les opérations aériennes - Les dispositions du Protocole additionnel l à l'épreuve
Zero-casualty warfare. By A. P. V. ROGERS
	Résumé - Une guerre sans victimes
The Kosovo crisis and the law of armed conflicts. By SERGEY ALEXEYEVICH EGOROV
	Résumé - Le Kosovo et le droit des conflits armés
Peace-enforcement actions and humanitarian law: Emerging rules for "interventional armed conflict". By MICHAEL H. HOFFMAN
	Résumé - Mesures d'imposition de la paix et droit humanitaire: nouvelles règles pour les interventions armées
Information warfare. By WILLIAM CHURCH
	La guerre des systèmes d'information («Information Warfare»)
The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and the Kosovo conflict. By SONJA BOELAERT-SUOMINEN
	Résumé - Le Tribunal pénal international pour l'ex-Yougoslavie et le conflit du Kosovo
Faits et documents/Reports and documents
	Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord: déclaration par le Comité international de la Croix-Rouge
	North Atlantic Treaty Organization: Statement by the International Committee of the Red Cross
	Resolution adopted by the NATO Parliamentary Assembly on 15 November 1999 concerning the armed intervention in Kosovo
	Adhésion de Monaco aux Protocoles additionnels aux Conventions de Genève du 12 août 1949
	Accession to the Protocols Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 by Monaco
	Conventions de Genève du 12 août 1949 et Protocoles au 31 décembre 1999/Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and Additional Protocols of 8 June 1977 (as at 31 December 1999
)
Divers/Miscellaneous
	Attribution du Prix Paul Reuter
	Award of the Paul Reuter Prize
	Conseil des Délégués, Genève, 29-30 octobre 1999
	Council of Delegates, Geneva, 29-30 October 1999
	Table des matières 1999/Contents 1999
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 2

MARS

MARCH

2000

VOLUME 82
N° 837

Revue fondee en 1869

et publiee par Ie

Comite international

de la Croix-Rouge

Geneve

Review founded in 1869

and published by the

International Committee

of the Red Cross

Geneva

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Page 149

RICR MARS IRRC MARCH 2000 ' VO L. 82 N° 837 147

by
PETER ROWE

Kosovo 1999: The air campaign
Have the provisions of Additional Protocol I
withstood the test?

T
he air campaign began on 24 March' 1999. It ended with
the conclusion of the Military Technical Agreement

between the International Security Force and the

Governments of the Federal Republic ofYugoslavia and

the Republic of Serbia of 9 June 1999.' Between these two dates
10,484 strike sorties were flown by NATO aircraft and 23,614 muni­

tions were released.2 No NATO casualties were reported arising out of

these strike sorties. The damage or destruction caused in Kosovo alone

was in the order of" 181 ... in the tank category, 317 in the [armoured

personnel carrier] category, 600 in the military vehicles, and 857 in the

artillery and mortars [categories]."3 In addition, many targets were
attacked in other parts of the Federal Republic ofYugoslavia (FRY).

This article will attempt to analyse the campaign from the standpoint

of the obligations imposed by Additional Protocol I of 19774 and will
draw upon the debates in the United Kingdom Parliament to illustrate

how, in practical terms, the Protocol was viewed by those responsible

for the actions of the armed forces of one of the NATO member

States.s

The political and military objectives of the campaign were

stated to be "to stop the killing in Kosovo and the brutal destruction of

human lives and properties; to put an end to the appalling

PETER ROWE is Professor of Law, Department of Law, University of Lancaster, UK.

Page 295

Comite international
de la Croix-Rouge

Organisation impartiale, neutre et inde­

pen-dante, Ie Comite international de la

Croix-Rouge (ClCR) a la mission exclusi­

vement humanitaire de proteger la vie et

la dignite des victimes de la guerre et de

la violence interne, et de leur porter as­

sistance. II dirige et coordonne les activi·

tes internationales de secours du Mou­

vement dans les situations de conflit. II

s'efforce egalement de prevenir la souf·

france par la promotion et Ie renforce·

ment du droit et des principes humani­

taires universels. Cree en 1863, Ie CICR

est aI'origine du Mouvement internatio­
nal de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant·

Rouge.

JAKOB KELLENBERGER

president

President

ANNE PETITPIERRE

vice-presidente

Vice·President

JACQUES FORSTER

vice-president permanent

permanent Vice-President

RENEE GUISAN

PAOLO BERNASCONI

LISE LOTTE KRAUS-GURNY

SUSY BRUSCHWEILER

JACQUES MOREILLON

International Committee
of the Red Cross

The International Committee of the Red

Cross (iCRC) is an impartial, neutral and

independent organization whose exclu­

sively humanitarian mission is to protect

the lives and dignity of victims of war and

internal violence and to provide them

with assistance. It directs and coordi­

nates the international relief activities

conducted by the Movement in situa­

tions of conflict. It also endeavours to

prevent suffering by promoting and

strengthening international humanitar·

ian law and universal humanitarian

principles. Established in 1863, the ICRC

is at the origin of the International Red

Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

DANIEL THURER

jEAN-FRANC;OIS AUBERT

GEORGES-ANDRE (UENDET

ERIC ROETHLISBERGER

ERNST A. BRUGGER

JEAN-ROGER BONVIN

JAKOB NUESCH

PETER ARBENZ

ANDRE VON Moos

OLIVIER VODOZ

GABRIELLE NANCHEN

JEAN DE (OURTEN

JEAN - PHILIPPE ASSAL

JACQUELINE AVRIL

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