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TitleIndemnification of Damage in the Event of a Nuclear Accident (Legal Affairs)
LanguageEnglish
File Size1.7 MB
Total Pages419
Table of Contents
                            Preliminaries
Foreword
CONTENTS
Final Programme of the Workshop
Emergency Exercise INEX 2000 by Stefan Mundigl
Comparative Analysis Based on Replies to Questionnaire and Discussions During the Workshop
I Alert Phase
II Accident Phase
III Post Accident Phase
Conclusions of the Workshop by Mr Deschamps
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Indemnification of Damage
in the Event of a Nuclear
Accident
Indemnisation des
dommages en cas
d’accident nucléaire

Legal Affairs
Affaires juridiques

N U C L E A R • E N E R G Y • A G E N C Y

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2003

Indemnification of Damage
in the Event of a Nuclear Accident

(66 2003 03 3 P) € 90.00
ISBN 92-64-09919-0

The Workshop on the Indemnification of Damage in the Event of a Nuclear Accident, organised by
the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency in close co-operation with the French authorities, was held in
Paris from 26 to 28 November 2001. This event was an integral part of the International Nuclear
Emergency Exercise INEX 2000. It attracted wide participation from national nuclear authorities,
regulators, operators of nuclear installations, nuclear insurers and international organisations. The
objective was to test the capacity of the existing nuclear liability and compensation mechanisms in
the 29 countries represented at the workshop to manage the consequences of a nuclear emergency.
This workshop was based upon the scenario used for the INEX 2000 Exercise, i.e. an accident simulated
at the Gravelines nuclear power plant in the north of France in May 2001. These proceedings contain
a comparative analysis of legislative and regulatory provisions governing emergency response and
nuclear third party liability, based upon country replies to a questionnaire. This publication also
includes the full responses provided to that questionnaire, as well as the texts of presentations made
by special guests from Germany and Japan describing the manner in which the public authorities in
their respective countries responded to two nuclear accidents of a very different nature and scale.

L’Atelier sur l’indemnisation des dommages en cas d’accident nucléaire, organisé par l’Agence de
l’OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire, en étroite collaboration avec les autorités françaises, s’est tenu à
Paris du 26 au 28 novembre 2001. Cette réunion faisait partie intégrante de l’Exercice international
d’urgence nucléaire INEX 2000. Elle a suscité une large participation des autorités nationales nuclé-
aires, des instances de réglementation, des exploitants d’installations nucléaires, des assureurs
nucléaires et des organisations internationales. L’objectif était de mettre à l’épreuve la capacité des
mécanismes actuels de responsabilité civile et de réparation des 29 pays représentés à l’atelier de gérer
les conséquences d’une situation d’urgence nucléaire. Cet atelier était fondé sur le scénario utilisé lors
de l’Exercice INEX 2000, c’est-à-dire une simulation d’accident à la centrale nucléaire de Gravelines
dans le nord de la France en mai 2001. Ce compte rendu comporte une analyse comparative des
dispositions législatives et réglementaires applicables aux situations d’urgence nucléaire et à la res-
ponsabilité civile nucléaire qui s’appuie sur des réponses nationales à un questionnaire, ainsi que les
réponses complètes à ce dernier. Cette publication reproduit également les textes des présentations
faites par des intervenants allemands et japonais décrivant la manière dont les autorités publiques
dans leurs pays respectifs ont fait face à deux accidents nucléaires de nature et d’ampleur très
différentes.

Indemnisation des dommages
en cas d’accident nucléaire

-:HSTCQE=U^^V^\:

Workshop Proceedings
Paris, France, 26-28 November 2001

Compte rendu dÕun atelier
Paris, France, 26-28 novembre 2001

Page 209

I. Alert Phase
2. Dissemination of information
c) How would your national authorities organise feedback of information to the accident country on the radiological
consequences of the accident in your country?

208

Bulgaria

Representatives of all competent authorities compose the Emergency centre of the Permanent
Commission. Every information received in the Emergency centre is immediately disseminated to all
those representatives.

Canada

Canada is a Party to the IAEA Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident, which
defines when and how the IAEA should be notified of an event with potential transboundary
consequences, or when and how the IAEA would notify the signatories of an international event which
could have an impact in their country. Thus, notification, subsequent information and data exchange
will follow procedures described in the Convention. In the National Support Centre established under
FNEP, the Coordination and Operations Group will be responsible for ensuring that links with
international organizations are established and maintained through Foreign Affairs and International
Trade and other appropriate federal departments and agencies.

Also, under Canada’s bilateral agreement with the US: the Canada-United States Joint
Radiological Emergency Response Plan of July 27, 1996, Section 502.3 of the Plan sets out provisions
for situation reports to the other country, participation of a federal liaison team, and requests for
mutual aid [see answer to question a), sub-title 2, title I].

Czech Republic

State Office for Nuclear Safety is obliged to ensure the international radiation situation data
exchange.

Denmark

By fax or e-mail.

Finland

Finland (STUK) sends without prior request information about the situation and
countermeasures to the accident country (if other than a country with whom Finland has bilateral
agreement), countries with the bilateral agreements, IAEA, EU and WHO. Written notifications are
sent by the fax. E-mail and phone contacts are used, also.

France

Par l’utilisation des instruments existants : AIEA (Convention sur la notification rapide d’un
accident nucléaire), Union européenne (décision du Conseil sur la notification rapide), accords
bilatéraux et locaux.

Page 210

I. Alert Phase
2. Dissemination of information
c) How would your national authorities organise feedback of information to the accident country on the radiological
consequences of the accident in your country?

209

Germany

The existing reporting routes of the IAEA (EMERCON forms to be sent by fax), of the EU (PC-
aided early warning information system) and the information channels connecting us to our bilateral
partners (usually via fax or e-mail) are being used. The reports will in all cases be issued by the
emergency center of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear
Safety (BMU).

Ireland

The Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland would send such information via the ECURIE
system. (Representations would also be made at governmental level).

Japan

Basically, it seems unnecessary to organize feedback of such information. Since Japan is far
from any potential accident country, feedback of such information in the event of an accident would
not be so useful to the accident country in terms of disaster prevention. But if the situation requires, it
will be done through diplomatic channels.

Korea

Central government.

Luxembourg

Liaisons téléphoniques et de courrier électronique dédicacés.

Spain

Par communication du Conseil de la sécurité nucléaire.

Switzerland

Via la CENAL.

United Kingdom

DEFRA would coordinate the response to any requests for radiological information utilising the
information held on the RIMNET system.

Page 418

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