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TitleHistorical Dictionary of Sexspionage
File Size1.4 MB
Total Pages401
Table of Contents
Editor’s Foreword
Acronyms and Abbreviations
The Dictionary
About the Author
Document Text Contents
Page 2


Jon Woronoff, Series Editor

1. British Intelligence, by Nigel West, 2005.
2. United States Intelligence, by Michael A. Turner, 2006.
3. Israeli Intelligence, by Ephraim Kahana, 2006.
4. International Intelligence, by Nigel West, 2006.
5. Russian and Soviet Intelligence, by Robert W. Pringle, 2006.
6. Cold War Counterintelligence, by Nigel West, 2007.
7. World War II Intelligence, by Nigel West, 2008.
8. Sexspionage, by Nigel West, 2009.

Page 200

MAKAYEV, VALERI M. Appointed the KGB’s illegal rezident in
New York in 1950, Valeri Makayev had spent the previous two years
in Warsaw preparing for the assignment and establishing himself as
Ivan M. Kovalik, a man of the same age born in Chicago to Ukrain-
ian parents and who had been taken to Poland as a child. Equipped
with an authentic passport issued by the American embassy in War-
saw, after pressure had been applied to a corrupt clerk, Makayev ar-
rived in New York on the SS Batory in March 1950 and found a tem-
porary job as a furrier before exploiting his considerable musical
abilities by obtaining a teaching post at New York University.

Makayev’s arrival in New York coincided with the posting of Guy
Burgess to Washington, D.C., and one of his tasks was to use him as
a courier for Kim Philby, who had been out of contact since he had
been appointed the Secret Intelligence Service station commander
the previous September. Personal contact was established at the end
of November 1950, but Makayev’s performance as an illegal was ad-
versely affected by his love affair with a Polish ballerina, codenamed
ALICE, who ran her own ballet studio in Manhattan. Distracted by
ALICE, Makayev failed to recover a dead drop that included $2,000
and a crucial message intended for Philby in the vital days after
Burgess had returned to London on Monday, 7 May 1951, and his de-
fection three weeks later, on Friday, 25 May.

Makayev was recalled to Moscow to explain his negligence and
was allowed to return to New York to work under Willie Fisher, but
he even bungled that mission by losing a Swiss coin containing in-
structions for the rezidentura. When recalled again to Moscow, he
was dismissed from the Illegals Directorate.

MASSING, HEDE. Austrian by birth and married at 17 to Gerhardt
Eisler, one of the Kommunist Partei Deutschland’s (KPD) leading
figures and a friend of the legendary Soviet illegal Richard Sorge,
Hede Massing traveled to the United States in 1923 and stayed,
working in an orphanage in Pleasantville, New York, until she ac-
quired her citizenship in December 1927. Later she would claim to
have “married into the Party at a time when she did not understand
politics, and simply wanted a better life for all.”

According to the statement she made to the Federal Bureau of In-
vestigation (FBI) in late 1947, she had returned to Europe in January


Page 201

1928 and, while studying in Berlin, had met and had been recruited
by Sorge. A year in Moscow followed, where she was indoctrinated
into the Comintern, ready for new role as an illegal based in Berlin,
and had married another NKVD agent, Paul Massing. Supervised by
Ignace Reiss, Hede Massing worked openly for the KDP, on one oc-
casion traveling to London to audit the accounts of the Communist
Party of Great Britain but also undertaking clandestine work for the
Soviets. She operated a mail drop for Ignace Reiss and in 1932 was
introduced to Walter Krivitsky, who apparently rejected her as un-
suitable for a particular mission he had in mind for her.

In October 1933, Hede returned to New York aboard the Deutsch-
land as a correspondent for the Weltbuehne and moved in with Helen
Black, the representative of the Soviet Photo Agency. She took her
orders from Valentine Markin, whose cover was that of a director of
a small cosmetics company owned by a Communist Party of the
United States of America member named Hart. During this period,
Hede acted as a courier, taking microfilms to Paris, and as a recruiter,
successfully persuading Noel Field and his wife Herta to join her net-
work but failing to acquire his State Department friend Alger Hiss
who, Hede discovered, was already involved with a separate spy ring
in Washington, D.C. After a single, preliminary encounter with Hiss,
Hede was warned to keep away from him. “Never see him again.
Stay away from him and forget him,” she was told by her controller.

I understood, of course. There had apparently been a reprimand and
these were urgent, emphatic instructions. I had met a member of an-
other apparatus. I had had a conversation with him in which I had dis-
closed that I was working in a parallel apparatus. That was strictly
taboo, and disliked by the big boss here and by the bigger bosses in

Following the murder of Ignace Reiss, Hede expressed doubts
about her own commitment to her new controller, whom she subse-
quently learned was Elizaveta Zarubina, the wife of Vasili, the rezi-
dent in New York, and was summoned to Moscow. Hede arrived in
November 1937 and underwent months of interrogation by Peter
Zubelin to confirm her continued loyalty, but she was too disillu-
sioned to continue. The following year she returned to New York and
broke off contact with Helen Gold and the Zarubinas. When the FBI


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