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Historic Macedonian




Risto Stefov

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Historic Macedonian Personalities


Published by:

Risto Stefov Publications
[email protected]

Toronto, Canada

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted

in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including
photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval

system without written consent from the author, except for the inclusion of
brief and documented quotations in a review.

Copyright 2016 by Risto Stefov

e-book edition


Version 1

August 30, 2016


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Communist Party of Yugoslavia for Macedonia. Two years later he
became a member of the regional committee of the Communist
Party of Yugoslavia for Macedonia.

Immediately after the WW II occupation, Kuzman, as a member of
the party leadership in Macedonia, worked in southern Prilep in the
Italian occupied zone and established the Party’s regional committee
for that region. In May 1943, as member of the Regional Committee
of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia for Macedonia, he also led
the regional committee of Tetovo.

In early 1943 Kuzman became a member of the general headquarters
of the Peoples’ Liberation Army and of the Partisan movement in
Macedonia. During the same year he took part in organizing a
meeting between the Macedonian political and military leadership
and representatives of Albania, for the purpose of initiating the
liberation struggle in Albania. He did the same in Greece with the
Greek Partisans.

On February 25th, 1944, after leaving a meeting which he attended
with representatives from the central committee of Bulgarian
workers party, he was followed by the police and was killed at the
railway tracks in Kozle, Skopje.

Reference: Page 13, Macedonian Almanac, 1984.

Karev - Nikola Karev (1877-1905)

Nikola Janakiev Karev was born in Krushevo in 1877. Karev
completed his elementary education in his hometown but his family
was very poor and could not afford to send him for higher education.
Karev had to take a job at a very young age to support his
impoverished family.

After completing elementary school, Karev went to work as a
carpenter’s apprentice. Then at age sixteen he left home and went to
Bulgaria on pechalba (migrant work). It did not take him too long to
realize that Turkish taxation was not the only exploitation and
injustice perpetrated against the Macedonian people. The Bulgarian
bourgeoisie was taking advantage of them as well. The Bulgarian

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economy was fueled by cheap Macedonian labourers who not only
worked for practically nothing, but who were also willing to do the
most labour intensive and dangerous jobs.

Karev’s first job in Bulgaria was as a bricklayer’s assistant.
Afterwards he worked as a carpenter in Vasil Glavinov’s carpentry
shop in Sofia. Vasil Glavinov was the founder of the Macedonian
Socialist Group in Sofia, which Karev joined.

In his spare time, besides reading socialist literature, Karev attended
evening lectures at the workers’ university and promoted socialist
ideals to the Macedonian immigrants.

While working in Bulgaria, Karev became partially paralyzed and
had to return to Krushevo, to a better climate for treatment. During
his therapy Karev could not do any physical labour so he went to
Bitola and completed a four-year gymnasium course. He then
returned to Krushevo and, together with his close associate Vele
Markov, formed a socialist group through which he promoted
socialist ideals and propaganda.

Karev’s high visibility brought him closer to IMRO and, after
joining, he became a member of the Bitola Revolutionary District.
After that he was sent to teach in the village Gorno Divjatsi in
Krushevo Region for the 1901/1902 school year.

Besides teaching and spreading socialist propaganda among the
peasants, Karev also began to promote ideas about liberating

Karev was good at what he did and his leadership, socialist ideals
and sympathetic voice for the common man made him very popular
among the people in Krushevo Region.

In time Karev, together with his associate Vele Markov, formed the
Krushevo District Revolutionary Organization. Karev was appointed
a member of its leadership committee and was given a job in

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With the return of the Sultan, Macedonia witnessed the resurgence
of the armed bands, this time with renewed vigour.

Frustrated by the repressive stand of the Young Turk regime,
Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia made a last ditch stand to impose their
sovereignty over Macedonian territory and, in the guise of
“liberation”, occupied Macedonia.
The 1st Balkan war was precipitated by Montenegro’s declaration of
war against Turkey on October 18th, 1912. It was almost entirely
fought on Macedonian soil, where again innocent Macedonians were
forced to suffer in someone else’s war.

The 2nd Balkan war, a vicious war between Greece, Bulgaria and
Serbia over the spoils of Macedonia, was also fought on
Macedonian soil, delivering even more pain, suffering and death to
an even larger Macedonian population.

Worst of all was Macedonia’s partition. August 10th, 1913, the day
Macedonia’s partition was signed in Bucharest, became the darkest
day in history for the Macedonian people.

With the sanctioning of Macedonia’s partition by the Great Powers
in the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, so died IMRO hopes of
liberating Macedonia. IMRO, however, did not disappear and
subsequently the Serres branch of the Organization, comprising a
great number of late Sandanski followers, merged with remnants of
the IMRO Provisional Mission of western Macedonia to constitute
IMRO (United) under the leadership of Gjortse Petrov and Dimo
Hadzi Dimov.

Since IMRO was declared illegal by the occupying states and it was
no longer allowed to function on its native soil, from time to time it
operated in various countries abroad.

In 1923, under the leadership of Dimitar Vlahov, IMRO (United)
was centered in Vienna, Austria.

The legendary IMRO did not liberate Macedonia and the
Macedonian people from the clutches of its enemies but it did teach

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Macedonians not to lose hope for there would be another, a better

References: Dakin,Douglas M.A., Ph.D. The Greek Struggle in
Macedonia 1897 – 1913. Salonika: Institute for Balkan Studies,
Nuriani, Giorgio. Macedonia: Yesterday and Today, Rome:
Teleuropa, 1967.
Radin, A. Michael. IMRO and the Macedonian Question. Skopje:
Kultura, 1993.

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